AI News, Towards an Anthropology of Technologically Posthumanized Future ... artificial intelligence

Transhumanism

Transhumanism (or H+), an intellectual movement, is greatly influenced by science fiction and presents an idealistic point of view of what technology could do for humanity in the future, not what it can do;

(especially in light of the many failures of artificial intelligence), transhumanism is a strongly-held belief among many computer geeks, notably synthesizer and accessible computing guru Ray Kurzweil, a believer in the 'technological singularity,' where technology evolves beyond humanity's current capacity to understand or anticipate it, and Sun Microsystems founder and Unix demigod Bill Joy, who believes the inevitable result of AI research is the obsolescence of humanity.[6]

Certain recent technological advances are making the possibility of the realization of transhumanism appear more plausible: Scientists funded by the military developed an implant that can translate motor neuron signals into a form that a computer can use, thus opening the door for advanced prosthetics capable of being manipulated like biological limbs and producing sensory information.[7]

the current scientific consensus seems unclear, although humans are not thought to have a magnetic sense, there is a cryptochrome protein in the eye which could potentially make humans capable of Magnetoreception, like certain other mammals such as mice and cows appear to be.

A number of philosophical objections have been raised against strong AI, generally contending either that the mind or consciousness is not computable or that a simulation of consciousness is not equivalent to true consciousness (whatever that is).

second possible objection is technological: WBE may not defy physics, but the technology to fully simulate a human brain (in the sense meant by transhumanists, at least) is a long way away.

Henry Markram, head of the Blue Brain Project, estimates that simulating a brain would require 500 petabytes of data for storage and that the power required to run the simulation would cost about $3 billion annually.

The problem with emulating a brain is not just the hurdle of creating a digital model of the brain, which contains 100 billion neurons, nor the fact that the brain is fluid, which makes it difficult to predict the way molecules will travel in the brain.

The biggest problem is the fact that our brain is not a singular entity which functions on it's own, it is an organ whose function is connected to our whole body (consisting of over 37 trillion cells, and a similarly massive microbiome).

Unless we somehow gained ultimate, god-like knowledge and understanding of the universe and everything within it, then built a computer powerful enough to create an exact copy of our universe, then created a digital version of our universe on said computer, our digital brain model (or anything which we try to emulate) is never going to behave the same as the real thing.

Then there is no 'breaking' of the continuity of the individual's consciousness, and it becomes difficult for proponents of the 'swamp man' hypothesis to pinpoint exactly when the individual stops being 'themselves.'

Furthermore, if the parts of the old brain were somehow to be restored and reassembled into a brain in a way that restored the consciousness inherent in the full brain, would it be considered the original brain- and if so, would this mean the cybernetic brain is no longer the original?

Fighting aging and extending life expectancy is possible — the field that studies aging and attempts to provide suggestions for anti-aging technology is known as 'biogerontology'.

In 2005, 28 scientists working in biogerontology signed a letter to EMBO Reports pointing out that de Grey's treatments had never been demonstrated to work and that many of his claims for anti-aging technology were extremely inflated.[19]

Some transhumanists, generally being atheistic naturalists, see all religion as an impediment to scientific and technological advancement and some Christians oppose transhumanism because of its stance on cloning and genetic engineering and label it as a heretical belief system.[39]

The important thing about transhumanism is that while a lot of such predictions may in fact be possible (and may even be in their embryonic stages right now), a strong skeptical eye is required for any claimed prediction about the fields it covers.

Since transhumanism is ambitious about conquering age-related illnesses (extropianism), death (immortalism), ecological damage (technogaianism), gender differences (postgenderism) and suffering (abolitionism), a fictional world where this has already been achieved leaves a story with few plot devices to exploit.

International Workshop "Envision of Acceptable Human Agent Interaction based on Science Fiction" @ Oct. 6th Kyoto co-located with HAI 2019

In this workshop, we will propose to use science fiction (SF) as, which has drawn science and technology and the process of acceptance in the society in the form of a story, influences the development of artificial intelligence.

We want to propose a design method to the future society based on the recent possibilities and problems, and we hope to contribute to humankind about pioneering future technologies and societies.

For example, iRobot created by lab members of Rodney Brooks named their company with the base of Issac Asimov’s “I, robot.” Palmer Luckey who founded Oculus company for handling virtual reality technologies express influence from Neal Stephenson’s “Snow Crash”, Ernes Cline’s “Ready Player One”, and Reki Kawahara’s “Sword Art Online.” Academic societies like information science, mechanics, robotics, such as the Robotics Society of Japan, the Society of Instrument and Control Engineers, and Japanese Society of Artificial Intelligence, occasionally propose special issue for SF in their magazine.

Therefore, the SFs they pick up are based on interests of science and technology personnel, and there is a risk that they will be neglected about the narrative logic inherent in SF and the context of the background social situation.

Due to recent rapid development of AI technology, the ethical problem caused by AI technology to society has been discussed as a practical problem in various places.

A representational scholar, Jeniffer Robertson, raises a problem that the future image depicted by the Japanese government has inherited the classic SF's future social image uncritically, and as a consequence it is confirming sexistic images (Robertson 2011).

As a result of scientific and technicians using science fiction images unscrupulously for scientific communication, it is necessary to pay attention to the possibility that deliverables will not be compatible with society.

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