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India Fights Diabetic Blindness With Help From A.I.

Today, in these vision centers, technicians take eye scans and send them to doctors in Madurai for review.

Luke Oakden-Rayner, the director of medical imaging research at the Royal Adelaide Hospital in Australia, said these systems might even need new regulatory frameworks because existing rules weren’t always sufficient.

As Dr. Oakden-Rayner pointed out, software called breast CAD — approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1998 — has been widely adopted in the United States to help with the detection of breast cancer, in part because Medicaid provides a rebate when the technology is used.

Artificial intelligence: Can ethics keep pace with technological progress?

This piece was written by Nicoletta Iacobacci, global ethics catalyst and adjunct professor at Webster University and Jinan University, and author of Exponential Ethics. For more like this, see our digital government newsfeed.

While new moral guidelines are defined for existing anomalies, technology surges ahead, giving rise to newer ethical debates — making it increasingly difficult to keep up with the paradigm shift of our own innovations.

We’ll see technological change never witnessed before : the merging of biological and nonbiological intelligence, software-based immortal humans and sentient artificial intelligence.

Within a few decades, machine intelligence will surpass human intelligence Proposals also exist for developing autonomous robotic systems programmed with the intelligence to distinguish right from wrong and to evaluate moral consequences.

He predicts that, as a first step, the general population, political public sphere and parliament may come to consider pre-implantation genetic diagnosis as morally permitted or legally tolerated if limited to a small number of well-defined cases of severe hereditary diseases.

Ethics must keep up with the exponential progress of technology to leapfrog and facilitate public debates among influential contemporary thinkers, scientists, engineers and prominent science fiction authors.

We should strive to take this journey, conscious of the risks we are facing, and raise a call to action for openly discussing the social repercussions these technologies could have if left only to their “makers” — a call to action in pursuit of exponential ethics.

Technology assessment: Artificial intelligence in the medical sector

IMAGE:Treating diseases and 'improving ' genetic material: KIT researchers investigate potential contributions of AI and the resulting ethical problems.

'Modern genome research works on understanding and predicting how genetic differences between human beings determine complex features, such as predispositions to frequent diseases,' says Harald König of KIT's Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS).

'So-called deep learning in particular might enable not just reading of human genomes as before, but also understanding of the complex biophysical relationships and mechanisms that turn genetic predispositions into physical characteristics,' König adds.

Effective Therapies against Cancer or Dementia The new approaches are based on combining artificial intelligence with rapidly progressing genome analysis techniques (including single cell analyses) and automated laboratory platforms.

The latter may supply large amounts of data on genome modifications and various cellular processes, such as reading of genes or the occurrence of different protein types under various conditions.

'This might result in a big leap of understanding - from correlations to causal relations - that promises to open up entirely new applications,' Harald König says.

The international trend might be to go beyond rare hereditary diseases and to prevent also widespread diseases, such as breast cancer or diabetes, by a 'preventive correction' of the corresponding risk mutations in the germline of human embryos.

### More Information: http://www.itas.kit.edu/english/iut_current_koen19_deepgen.php External Link https://www.bmbf.de/de/innovations-und-technikanalysen-ita-937.html External Link (in German only) Press contact: Jonas Moosmüller, ITAS - Öffentlichkeitsarbeit, Tel.: +49 721 608 26796, jonas.moosmueller@kit.edu Being „The Research University in the Helmholtz Association', KIT creates and imparts knowledge for the society and the environment.

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