AI News, Swift action needed to set framework for AI and machine learning
Swift action needed to set framework for AI and machine learning
Photograph: Alamy Stock Photo Letters Friday 10 November 2017 18.05 GMT Last modified on Friday 10 November 2017 Machine learning and artificial intelligence have the potential to make significant improvements to our lives in areas such as health and public services.
The governance response must be driven by the overarching principle of human flourishing – recognising that humans do not serve data, but that data must be used to serve humans and human communities.
We need an independent, interdisciplinary stewardship body that can identify where there are governance gaps, with the power to urge the right bodies to fill those gaps.
Resources for CCGs
Primary medical care functions delegated to CCGs Primary medical care functions delegated to CCGs: Guidance OOH – monitoring arrangements where practices have not ‘opted out’ NHS England has the power to direct a CCG to exercise any of its functions relating to the provision of primary medical care services.
Procurement of healthcare (clinical) services: Briefings for CCGs Working with CCGs and others, NHS England has developed procurement briefings for CCGs that summarise the key elements of legislation and guidance governing NHS procurement of healthcare services.
Joint NGO letter on LPA amendments
Related Content Download Letter Dear Prime Minister Najib, We, the undersigned international human rights and legal organizations, are writing to express our serious concerns about the proposed amendments to the Legal Profession Act 1976, which your government has indicated will be introduced in the Parliament.
As the United Nations Human Rights Council affirmed in 2015, an independent legal profession is among the “prerequisites for the protection of human rights and the application of the rule of law, and for ensuring fair trials and the administration of justice without any discrimination.” The UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers state that governments shall ensure that lawyers can perform all of their professional functions “without intimidation, hindrance, harassment or improper interference.” The Malaysian Bar, created by statute in 1947, is an independent bar association whose aim is “to uphold the rule of law and the cause of justice and protect the interest of the legal profession as well as that of the public.” It is managed by a 38-member Bar Council, elected annually from among its members.
They would constitute an unacceptable interference in the Bar’s right to form a “self-governing association” and to “exercise its functions without external interference,” as set out by the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers. This letter highlights three areas in which certain provisions of the government’s proposed amendments are particularly problematic.
This contravenes Principle 24 of the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers state that the executive body of a professional legal association “should be elected by its members” and “exercise its functions without external interference.” The Bar Council should be free to discuss and debate issues relating to actions taken by the government without the inhibiting presence of representatives of the government.
Attorney General Mohamed Apandi Ali wrote in a July column for Berita Harian Ahad that “the government does not have any intention of controlling the Bar Council,” but claimed that he believed the amendments were necessary “to ensure a better relationship between the Bar Council and the government.” Election of Bar Council Officers The proposed amendments would further interfere with the independence of the Bar by restricting eligibility for leadership positions to those elected to the Bar Council by the various State Bars, thereby severely limiting those who can stand for office.
While the Attorney General asserted that the amendments were intended to make the Bar Council “more transparent and democratic,” the impact of the changes would be to reduce the number of Bar Council members each member of the Bar can vote for from 14 to 3, with the choice limited to individuals within their own State. Such a fundamental change in the way the association’s governing body is elected should be initiated and approved by those most affected – the members of the Bar – rather than unilaterally imposed upon the Bar by the government.
- On Wednesday, November 14, 2018
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