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Nokia

UK: /ˈnɒkiə/, US: /ˈnoʊkiə/, Finnish: [ˈnokiɑ]) is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.

In 2017, Nokia employed approximately 102,000 people across over 100 countries, did business in more than 130 countries, and reported annual revenues of around €23 billion.[2]

It is the world's 415th-largest company measured by 2016 revenues according to the Fortune Global 500, having peaked at 85th place in 2009.[4]

It was founded as a pulp mill and had long been associated with rubber and cables, but since the 1990s focuses on large-scale telecommunications infrastructures, technology development, and licensing.[7]

Nokia is a notable major contributor to the mobile telephony industry, having assisted in the development of the GSM, 3G and LTE standards (and currently in 5G), and is best known for having been the largest worldwide vendor of mobile phones and smartphones for a period.

After the sale, Nokia began to focus more extensively on its telecommunications infrastructure business and on the Internet of things, marked by the divestiture of its Here mapping division and the acquisition of Alcatel-Lucent, including its Bell Labs research organization.[11]

The company was viewed with national pride by Finns, as its successful mobile phone business made it by far the largest worldwide company and brand from Finland.[19]

At its peak in 2000, during the telecoms bubble, Nokia alone accounted for 4% of the country's GDP, 21% of total exports, and 70% of the Helsinki Stock Exchange market capital.[20][21]

A second pulp mill was opened in 1868 near the neighboring town of Nokia, offering better hydropower resources.

In 1871, Idestam, together with friend Leo Mechelin, formed a shared company from it and called it Nokia Ab (in Swedish, Nokia Company being the English equivalent), after the site of the second pulp mill.

Finnish Rubber Works company grew rapidly when it moved to the Nokia region in the 1930s to take advantage of the electrical power supply, and the cable company soon did too.

In 1967, the three companies - Nokia, Kaapelitehdas and Finnish Rubber Works - merged and created a new Nokia Corporation, a new restructured form divided into four major businesses: forestry, cable, rubber and electronics.

Nokia also started making military equipment for Finland's defence forces (Puolustusvoimat), such as the Sanomalaite M/90 communicator in 1983, and the M61 gas mask first developed in the 1960s.

The U.S. government became increasingly suspicious of that technologic co-operation after the end of the Cold War détente in the early 1980s.

Nokia imported many US-made components and used them for the Soviets, and according to U.S. Deputy Minister of Defence, Richard Perle, Nokia had a secret co-operation with The Pentagon that allowed the U.S. to keep track in technologic developments in the Soviet Union through trading with Nokia.[23]

In 1984, Nokia acquired television maker Salora, followed by Swedish electronics and computer maker Luxor AB in 1985, and French television maker Oceanic in 1987.

At that time, the company had no interest in producing mobile phones, which the executive board regarded as akin to James Bond's gadgets - improbably futuristic and niche devices.

Vuorilehto quit in January 1992 and was replaced by Jorma Ollila, who had been the head of the mobile phone business from 1990 and advised against selling that division.

The world's first GSM call was made by Finnish prime minister Harri Holkeri on 1 July 1991, using Nokia equipment on the 900 MHz band network built by Nokia and operated by Radiolinja.

In 1998 Nokia became the chosen supplier to produce the world's first digital terrestrial television set-top boxes by British Digital Broadcasting (BDB), which was eventually launched as ONdigital.[31]

A major reason why Nokia grew against its main competitors Motorola and Ericsson was that it managed to cater to the consumer youth market and fashion-oriented consumers, most significantly with the Nokia 5110 and 3210 handsets which featured a large range of colourful and replacable back-covers called Xpress-on.[34][35]

They released the Nokia 9210 Communicator running Symbian OS in 2001 and later that year created the Symbian Series 60 platform, later introducing it with their first camera phone, the Nokia 7650.

Both Nokia and Symbian eventually became the largest smartphone hardware and software maker respectively, and in February 2004 Nokia became the largest shareholder of Symbian Ltd.[41]

In Q1 2004, Nokia's mobile phone handset market share steeply dropped to 28.9%, down from 34.6% a year earlier.[57]

In October 2008 Nokia announced the Nokia 5800 XpressMusic, the first device to ship with the new touch-centric S60 5th Edition, also known as Symbian^1, the first iteration of the platform since the creation of the Symbian Foundation.

On 11 March 2011 Nokia announced that it had paid Elop a $6 million signing bonus as 'compensation for lost income from his prior employer', on top of his $1.4 million annual salary.[78]

Nokia's Symbian platform that had been the leading smartphone platform in Europe and Asia for many years was quickly becoming outdated and difficult for developers after the advent of iOS and Android.

Shortly after Elop's CEO tenure began, the Nokia board green-lit him the ability to change the company's mobile phones strategy, including changing operating systems.[81]

On 11 February 2011, Nokia announced a 'strategic partnership' with Microsoft, under which it would adopt Windows Phone 7 as its primary operating system on smartphones, and integrate its services and platforms with its own, including Bing as search engine, and integration of Nokia Maps data into Bing Maps.

Elop stated that Nokia chose not to use Android because of an apparent inability to 'differentiate' its offerings, with critics also noting that his past ties to Microsoft may have also influenced the decision.[84][85][86]

Although the MeeGo 'Harmattan'-based N9 was met with a highly positive reception in 2011, Nokia had already decided to end development on MeeGo and solely focus on its Microsoft partnership, although the CEO said that the N9's 'innovations' will live on in the future,[87]

The company posted a large loss for the second quarter of 2011 - only their second quarterly loss in 19 years.[90]

Falling sales in 2011, which were not being improved significantly with the Lumia line in 2012, led to consecutive quarters of huge losses.

With the Microsoft alliance and under Elop's management, Nokia also had a renewed focus on the North American market where Nokia phones were, in stark contrast to the rest of the world, almost irrelevant for many years.[96][97]

On 1 August 2011, Nokia announced that it would adopt a new three-digit naming system for mobile phone products and stop using letters, effectively ending the Nseries, Eseries, and short-lived Cseries.

When the Lumia 920 was announced in September 2012, it was seen by the press as the first high-end Windows Phone that could challenge rivals due to its advanced feature set.

The sale was positive for Nokia to avoid further negative financial figures, as well as for Microsoft's CEO Steve Ballmer, who wanted Microsoft to produce more hardware and turn it into a devices and services company.[108]

Others, including Ballmer's successor Satya Nadella, felt that Microsoft thought merging their software teams with Nokia's hardware engineering and designs would 'accelerate' growth of Windows Phone.[117]

Nokia's downfall in the mobile phone market has had different explanations from analysts, with many split about the CEO's decision to abandon its in-house operating system and adopting Windows Phone in 2011.[122]

Some from the Symbian developing team have claimed that the company's upper management rejected hundreds of potential innovations during the 2000s that they proposed, including entirely rewriting Symbian's code.

On 17 November 2014, Nokia Technologies head Ramzi Haidamus disclosed that the company planned to re-enter the consumer electronics business as an original design manufacturer, licensing in-house hardware designs and technologies to third-party manufacturers.

Haidamus emphasized that devices released under these licensing agreements would be held to high standards in production quality, and would 'look and feel just like Nokia built it.'[7]

Nokia CEO Rajeev Suri stated that the company planned to re-enter the mobile phone business in this manner in 2016, following the expiration of its non-compete clause with Microsoft.[137]

According to Robert Morlino, the spokesman of Nokia Technologies, Nokia planned follow the brand-licensing model rather than direct marketing of mobile devices due to the sale of its mobile devices division to Microsoft.[138]

The company took aggressive steps to revitalize itself, evident through its hiring of software experts, testing of new products and seeking of sales partners.[139]

Nokia's press release stated that OZO would be 'the first in a planned portfolio of digital media solutions,' with more technologic products expected in the future.[142]

On 3 August 2015, Nokia announced that it had reached a deal to sell its Here digital maps division to a consortium of BMW, Daimler AG and Volkswagen Group for €2.8 billion.[155]

On 18 May 2016, Microsoft Mobile sold its Nokia-branded feature phone business to HMD Global, a new company founded by former Nokia executive Jean-Francois Baril, and an associated factory in Vietnam to Foxconn's FIH Mobile subsidiary.

Nokia subsequently entered into a long-term licensing deal to make HMD the exclusive manufacturer of Nokia-branded phones and tablets outside Japan, operating in conjunction with Foxconn.

On 5 July 2017, Nokia and Xiaomi announced that they have signed a business collaboration agreement and a multi-year patent agreement, including a cross license to each company's cellular standard essential patents.[166]

On 19 January 2018, Nokia signed a deal with NTT Docomo, Japan's largest mobile operator, to provide 5G wireless radio base stations in the country by 2020.[168]

It is a multinational data networking and telecommunications equipment company headquartered in Espoo, Finland, and is the world's third-largest telecoms equipment manufacturer, measured by 2017 revenues (after Huawei and Cisco).

Nokia Networks provides wireless and fixed network infrastructure, communications and networks service platforms and professional services to operators and service providers.[181]

With its 8 synchronized shutter sensors and 8 microphones, the product can capture stereoscopic 3D video and spatial audio.[187][188]

NGP Capital (formerly Nokia Growth Partners) is a global venture capital firm, focusing in investments on growth stage 'Internet of things' (IoT) and mobile technology companies.[192]

Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN) is a provider of turnkey undersea network solutions.The business unit develops technology and offers installation services for optical submarine cable network links across the world’s oceans.[206]

In May 2007, the company redefined its values after initiating a series of discussion across its worldwide branches regarding what the new values of the company should be.

In 2008, Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens AG, reportedly provided Iran's monopoly telecom company with technology that allowed it to intercept the Internet communications of its citizens.[233]

The technology reportedly allowed Iran to use deep packet inspection to read and change the content of emails, social media, and online phone calls.

The technology 'enables authorities to not only block communication but to monitor it to gather information about individuals, as well as alter it for disinformation purposes'.[234]

During the post-election protests in Iran in June 2009, Iran's Internet access was reported to have slowed to less than a tenth of its normal speeds, which experts suspected was due to use of deep packet inspection.[235]

The boycott was led by consumers sympathetic to the post-election protest movement and targeted companies deemed to be collaborating with the regime.

Nokia Siemens Networks asserted in a press release that it provided Iran only with a 'lawful intercept capability solely for monitoring of local voice calls' and that it 'has not provided any deep packet inspection, web censorship, or Internet filtering capability to Iran'.[237]

In 2009, Nokia heavily supported a law in Finland that allows companies to monitor their employees' electronic communications in cases of suspected information leaking.[238]

Nokia denied rumors that the company had considered moving its head office out of Finland if laws on electronic surveillance were not changed.[239]

No company had used its provisions prior to 25 February 2013, when the Office of Data Protection Ombudsman confirmed that city of Hämeenlinna had recently given the required notice.[240]

This resulted in a legal battle between the two telecom majors with Nokia filing another suit, this time with the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC), alleging Apple of infringing its patents in 'virtually all of its mobile phones, portable music players and computers'.[242]

The unpaid TDS of ₹30 billion, accrued during a course of six years, was due to royalty paid by the Indian subsidiary to its parent company.[247]

WELCOME - London Build 2019 - THE LEADING BUILDING CONSTRUCTION SHOW FOR LONDON AND THE UK

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Liberal corporate tyranny

Liberal corporate tyranny occurs when companies apply pressure to local, state and federal governments if they dare cross their treasured beliefs affecting liberalism, homosexual 'rights' and immigration laws.

Corporate bullies make it known publicly that religious freedom laws that protect Christians are not in the financial interests of local or state governments.

Common tactics used by such companies include threats and boycotts while smearing leaders that support such measures.

The people elected state governments, but their voice and their concerns take a back seat to corporate bully demands, effectively imposing tyranny of an elitist minority over the majority.

The National Football League is notorious for attacking protections for Christians and for the rule of law.

They have threatened the states of Arizona and Georgia by blocking Super Bowls from taking place in those states if legislation passes that they don't like.[1][2]

(A big pro-gender confusion group that seeks to let men into women's rooms, among other things.)

(This is a pro-homosexual/gender-confused group which has opposed RFRAs and protection from gender-confusion bathroom bills while demanding that Michigan roll out the red carpet for homosexuals and the gender confused.)

Human Rights Campaign Mississippi Millsaps College Faculty (75 percent of faculty)

These are organizations against a Missouri constitutional amendment to protect religious liberty:

Basic Rights Oregon colluded with the Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries to fine the Klein family for not baking a homosexual 'wedding' cake.[75]

Former South Carolina Secretary of Education Inez Tenenbaum, State Sen. Marlon Kimpson, and employment law attorney Malissa Burnette, the SC Chamber of Commerce, the Myrtle Beach Chamber of Commerce, the Greenville Chamber of Commerce, and the Midlands Industrial Leadership Forum, Richland County Sheriff Leon Lott [78]

All of the companies listed below have earned a score of 100 by helping advance HRC’s liberal agenda through direct actions to comply with the all of the CEI criteria.

(Note, this is the very link that Michelle Malkin gave in her book 'Sold Out' for the L-1 Visa supporters.)

(I'm sorry that I don't know the year.

It could be 2015 or it could be 2016, as it doesn't say in the source.)

This group is lobbying to Congress to pass legislation that will allow 'Dreamers' to continue working in the US

(I believe this is called the I-Squared Act or, as Michelle Malkin put it in Sold Out, the 'We're Screwed' Act.)

[339] (CASA is an open borders advocacy group)

The following listing includes the most prominent national corporations that have lent their corporate support to gun control initiatives or taken positions

supporting gun control.

AT Audio – 138 Federal Blvd, Denver, CO 80219

Joe’s Plaza – 1991 Clinton St, Aurora, CO 80010

Novedades La Morenita – 9558 E Montview Blvd, Aurora, CO 80010

Restaurant Puerto Vallarta #2 – 9538 E Montview, Aurora, CO 80010

El Mercado Azteca Market – 9701 E Montview, Aurora, CO 80010

Azucar Bakery – 1886 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80210

Appliance Professionals – 78 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80209

Su Teatro – 721 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Parsley and Bailey – 303 W 11th Ave, Denver, CO 80204

– 3472 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

Boa – 3464 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

Sanctuary – 2839 E Colfax, Denver, CO 80206

Space Gallery – 765 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Meyer Law Office – 1029 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO, 80204

Head Dress – 1201 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Hooked on Colfax – 3213 E Colfax, Denver, CO 80206

Fire on the Mountain – 3801 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

Cherubini Chiropractic – 957 E 6th Ave, Denver, CO 80218

Emerald City Eyebrows – 70 W 11th Ave, Denver, CO 80204

Kanon Collective – 766 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

TriBella – 1060 Bannock St, Denver, CO 80204

Wild Yams – 3450 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

Wall Tavern – 1112 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Atomic Cowboy – 3237 E Colfax, Denver, CO 80206

Dewey – 70 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80209

– 3722 Tejon St, Denver, CO 80211

Pho on 6 – 1312 E 6th Ave, Denver, CO 80218

Kitchens Ink – 757 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Indyink – 84 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80209

Ulibarri Tax Svc – 6239 E 123rd Dr, Brighton, CO

Newspeak Tattoo – 2907 E Colfax Ave, Denver, CO 80206

Moon Dance Botanicals – 601 Corona St, Denver, CO 80218

Woodward LLC – 1650 Spruce St, Denver, CO 80220

Night and Day Vintage – 39 W 11th Ave, Denver, CO 80204

Second Love – 3440 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

Strut – 3611 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

The Corner LLC – 3275 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

The Perfect Petal – 3600 W 32nd Ave, Denver, CO 80211

Wordshop – 3180 Meade St, Denver, CO 80211

Steve’s Snappin’ Dogs – 3525 E Colfax Ave, Denver, CO 80206

Artists on Santa Fe – 747 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Calvantt Beauty Supplies – 3339 E Colfax Ave, Denver, CO 80206

Collin’s Bicycles – 3217 E Colfax Ave, Denver, CO 80206

Emily Griffith Technical College – 1250 Welton St, Denver, CO 80204

Again LLC – 66 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80210

Santa Fe Tavern and Grill – 1301 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Sooper B Liquors – 100 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80209

The Herbery – 819 E 6th Ave, Denver, CO 80218

Tibet Imports – 709 E 6th Ave, Denver, CO 80293

USA Cleaners #7 – 1230 E 6th Ave, Denver, CO 80218

Video One – 600 Downing St, Denver, CO 80218

White Palace Cleaners – 94 S Broadway, Denver, CO 80209

Yellow Feather – 742 Santa Fe Dr, Denver, CO 80204

Banquetes Frias – 120 S Federal, Denver, CO 80219

Madrid Decoraciones – 90 Meade St, Denver, CO 80212

Novias de Mexico – 1463 Florence St, Aurora, CO 80010

Divas Hair Studio – 9724 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80010

La Morena Mexican Restaurant – 9650 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80010

Auto Repair Goyo’s – 1511 Alton St, Aurora, CO 80010

Tortas y Tacos El Chino – 796 Peoria St, Aurora, CO 80011

ADN Bienestar Fisico, Mental, Emocional – 1515 Dallas St, Aurora, CO 80010

DBA Stereomania – 15531 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80011

Victoria’s Market – 982 Dayton St, Aurora, CO 80010

El Paisa Panaderia – 9541 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80010

Karina’s Beauty Salon – 984 Dayton, Aurora, CO 80010

Dulceria el Pachangan – 9529 E Colfax, Aurora, CO 80010

Victoria’s Beauty Salon – 15531 E Colfax, Aurora, CO 80010

Clinica de Belleza – 9523 E Colfax, Aurora, CO 80010

World TV Depot – 15473 E Hampden, Aurora, CO 80013

Panaderia Tlaquepaque – 2300 S Chambers, Aurora, CO 80014

Carniceria Latina – 2272 S Chambers, Aurora, CO 80014

Acute Spine and Sports – 15602 E Mississippi Ave, Aurora, CO 80017

Tortisimas – 15021 E Mississippi Ave, Aurora, CO 80012

From Mexico con Amor – 14200 E Alameda #1001, Aurora, CO 80012

Banquetes Frias – 120 S Federal, Denver, CO 80219

Madrid Decoraciones – 90 Meade St, Denver, CO 80212

Nena’s Beauty Salon – 1460 W 104th Ave, Northglenn, CO 80234

Reina Auto Accessories – 1440 Havana St, Aurora, CO 80010

Evelyn’s Hair Studio – 10259 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80010

Casa Soccer – 10214 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80010

Transportes Sierra – 10229 E Colfax Ave, Aurora, CO 80010

Salon de Belleza La Poblanita – 1449 Jamaica St, Aurora, CO 80010

Real de Minas – 11101 E Colfax, Aurora, CO 80010

4th Street Barbers – 608 E 4th, Pueblo, CO

Lusk Farms – 28183 Rd 24 ¼, Rocky Ford, CO

Paradise Ice Cream Parlor – 920 9th St, Greeley, CO 80631

Accessories with a Flair – 801 8th Ave, Greeley, CO 80631

Llantera F 413 – 1909 9th St, Unit B, Greeley, CO

Tacos y Salsas – 1923 9th St, Greeley, CO

El Portero – 208 212 E Edison St, Brush, CO 80723

Carniceria Sonora 1 – 3225 I-70 Bus B-1, Clifton, CO 81520

Carniceria Sonora 2 – 644 North Ave, Unit 3, Grand Junction, CO 81501

Carniceria Sonora 3 – 429 E Hwy 6 &

Mexican Market – 2851 North Ave, Ste 6, Grand Junction, CO 81501

Panaderia San Jose – 507 30 Rd, Grand Junction, CO 81504

Clark Family Orchard, INC – 3901 G ¼ Road, Palisade, CO 81526

Anita’s Pantry and Produce – 625 37 ¼ Rd, Palisade, CO 81526

Leon’s Restaurant – 507 30th Rd, Grand Junction, CO 81504

C&F Food Store – 208 W 8th St, Palisade, CO 81526

Las Marias – 2692 US 50, Grand Junction, CO 81503

Kleen Glass – 10 Town Plaza #124, Durango, CO 81301

Gazpacho New Mexican Restaurant – 431 E 2nd Ave, Durango, CO 81301

Bar – 21382 Hwy 160 West, Durango, CO 81301

Zia Taqueria – 400 Camino del Rio, Durango, CO 81301

Mountains Sunlight Mountain Resort/Sunlight Ski and Bike – 10901 County Road 117, Glenwood Springs, CO 81601

Smith, PC – 1607 Grand Ave, Suite 22, Glenwood Springs, CO 81602

Schubert, LLP – 110 8th St, Glenwood Springs, CO 81601

Tequila’s Mexican Restaurant – 132 W 6th St, Glenwood Springs, CO 81601

Konnyaku – 568 Highway 133, Carbondale, CO 81623

Day Spa – 1607 Grand Ave #23, Glenwood Springs, CO 81621

Barsness Law Firm – 1607 Grand Ave, Suite 24, Glenwood Springs, CO 81601

Garcia’s – 211 Colorado 133, Carbondale, CO 81623

Valley Meats Carniceria – 786 Hwy 133, Carbondale, CO 81623

Carbondale Council on Arts and Humanities – 520 3rd St, Carbondale, CO 81623

Señor Taco Show – 446 North 4th St, Carbondale, CO 81623

Dos Gringos Burritos – 588 Highway 133, Carbondale, CO 81623

KDNK Community Access Radio – 76 S 2nd St, Carbondale, CO 81623

Village Smithy – 26 S 3rd St, Carbondale, CO 81623

Aloha Mountain Cyclery – 580 Hwy 133, Carbondale 81623

La Roca Tortilleria – 780 Colorado 133, Carbondale, CO 81623

New Image Boutique – 104 E 3rd St, Rifle, CO 81650 [393]

(This bill basically is a tie in between the Common Core 'education' agenda and using our taxpayer dollars to help train workers for various companies (crony capitalism).

And, yes, the Perkins CTE funding is tied to the Common Core.[440][441] This career technical education was originally called 'Common Career Technical Core' but they dropped the 'Common Core' part for obvious reasons.)

[442][443][444][445][446][447][448][449] [451] (They whined about E-verify and contend that the immigration system is 'broken', etc.