AI News, Robots for Real: The Amazing Androids of Hiroshi Ishiguro
- On Sunday, February 18, 2018
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Robots for Real: The Amazing Androids of Hiroshi Ishiguro
This segment is part of the special report 'Engineers of the New Millennium: Robots for Real.'
Joe Levine: Ishiguro says he is verifying his hypotheses about what is human, what is a mind, and what is consciousness by building robots.
The android looks realistic, but it can move only its head—which means Ishiguro's daughter wasn't very happy to see her robotic copy.
Hiroshi Ishiguro: Of course she was scared very much, because appearance was quite nice but movement was jerky, and she scared, right, almost cried.
He has a mop of dark hair, a big round face, perpetually furrowed eyebrows, and he always—always—dresses in black.
Hiroshi Ishiguro: If operator is a girl or woman, so if I touch the Geminoid body, they say, 'Yahh, don't touch to my body.'
Joe Levine: Ishiguro believes that humans and machines will eventually merge together, and we won't be able to distinguish between the two.
Does that mean that one day, instead of spending time in interviews with reporters, Ishiguro will be able to send his android in his place?
An android is a humanoid robot or synthetic organism designed to look and act like a human, especially one with a body having a flesh-like resemblance. Historically, androids remained completely within the domain of science fiction where they are frequently seen in film and television.
The Oxford English Dictionary traces the earliest use (as 'Androides') to Ephraim Chambers' Cyclopaedia, in reference to an automaton that St. Albertus Magnus allegedly created. The term 'android' appears in US patents as early as 1863 in reference to miniature human-like toy automatons. The term android was used in a more modern sense by the French author Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam in his work Tomorrow's Eve (1886). This story features an artificial humanlike robot named Hadaly.
Wilson, who defines androids as a 'synthetic human being', distinguishes between three types of androids, based on their body's composition: Although human morphology is not necessarily the ideal form for working robots, the fascination in developing robots that can mimic it can be found historically in the assimilation of two concepts: simulacra (devices that exhibit likeness) and automata (devices that have independence).
In South Korea, the Ministry of Information and Communication has an ambitious plan to put a robot in every household by 2020. Several robot cities have been planned for the country: the first will be built in 2016 at a cost of 500 billion won (440 million USD), of which 50 billion is direct government investment. The new robot city will feature research and development centers for manufacturers and part suppliers, as well as exhibition halls and a stadium for robot competitions.
The country's new Robotics Ethics Charter will establish ground rules and laws for human interaction with robots in the future, setting standards for robotics users and manufacturers, as well as guidelines on ethical standards to be programmed into robots to prevent human abuse of robots and vice versa. Walt Disney and a staff of Imagineers created Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln that debuted at the 1964 New York World's Fair. Hanson Robotics, Inc., of Texas and KAIST produced an android portrait of Albert Einstein, using Hanson's facial android technology mounted on KAIST's life-size walking bipedal robot body.
Isaac Asimov pioneered the fictionalization of the science of robotics and artificial intelligence, notably in his 1950s series I, Robot. One thing common to most fictional androids is that the real-life technological challenges associated with creating thoroughly human-like robots—such as the creation of strong artificial intelligence—are assumed to have been solved. Fictional androids are often depicted as mentally and physically equal or superior to humans—moving, thinking and speaking as fluidly as them. The tension between the nonhuman substance and the human appearance—or even human ambitions—of androids is the dramatic impetus behind most of their fictional depictions. Some android heroes seek, like Pinocchio, to become human, as in the films Bicentennial Man, Hollywood, Enthiran and A.I.
they are stories about the human condition and what it means to be human. One aspect of writing about the meaning of humanity is to use discrimination against androids as a mechanism for exploring racism in society, as in Blade Runner. Perhaps the clearest example of this is John Brunner's 1968 novel Into the Slave Nebula, where the blue-skinned android slaves are explicitly shown to be fully human. More recently, the androids Bishop and Annalee Call in the films Aliens and Alien Resurrection are used as vehicles for exploring how humans deal with the presence of an 'Other'. Female androids, or 'gynoids', are often seen in science fiction, and can be viewed as a continuation of the long tradition of men attempting to create the stereotypical 'perfect woman'. Examples include the Greek myth of Pygmalion and the female robot Maria in Fritz Lang's Metropolis.
Fiction about gynoids has therefore been described as reinforcing 'essentialist ideas of femininity', although others have suggested that the treatment of androids is a way of exploring racism and misogyny in society. The 2015 Japanese film Sayonara, starring Geminoid F, was promoted as 'the first movie to feature an android performing opposite a human actor'. In the 2009 film Surrogates, people purchase remote-controlled humanoid robots through which they interact with society.
The 'world's sexiest robot' revealed: Eerily life-like female android turns heads in China
'Our final goal is creating some artificial intelligence by using this robot,' Kohei Ogawa, assistant professor said. 'Most voice recognition systems do not work, especially in this kind of noisy environment.
'In the future we're going to create some perfect AI system by using this robot.' The current version of Geminoid F cost $108,600 (£72,000), which Ishiguro hopes may take the technology closer to the mainstream.
While robots have featured prominently in many films, most are played by real actors or created using visual effects. Prof Ishiguro has designed several robots made to look like humans in the past - even building one in his own image.
Fukada said working with the android was easier than directing people, although he said had to watch not to break the robot as its repairs would come with a 10 million yen ($83,000 or £55,000) bill.
Scientist unveils his doppelganger - a robot perfect in every detail, including his hair
Last updated at 21:05 26 April 2007 Japanese robotics expert Hiroshi Ishiguro has unveiled a robot doppelganger of himself.Germinoid is a humanoid robot designed in his creator's image, down to the tiniest of details.
'When the body of Geminoid is touched by somebody, I get very similar feelings of being touched,' he said.This week, British roboticists attacked a report commissioned by the government's chief science adviser, David King, which suggests the robots will one day have rights.
Scientists dismissed the report as poorly founded and a diversion from more pressing concerns, such as autonomous robots being developed and equipped with weapons.Dr Ishiguro's previous work has involved developing video systems to analyse human behaviour, a technique that could help identify people who are planning to commit crimes.