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While graphics guru Edward Tufte recently claimed that 'R coders and users just can't do words on graphics and typography' and need additonal tools to make graphics that aren't 'clunky', data journalists at major publications beg to differ.
Tufte later clarified saying 'Problem is not code, problem is published practice', which is true of any programming environment, which is why it was strange that he'd call out R in particular.
Several techniques can be used to assist the viewer in identifying
but other techniques exist in legacy subtitle files and subtitles repurposed from non-UK sources.
legacy techniques is acceptable, but unless specifically requested, new content should not use legacy techniques.
The available techniques include: Use colours to distinguish speakers from each other (see Colours).
to start a new line for each new speaker, preceded by a dash.
By convention, the narrator is indicated by a yellow colour.
This is a legacy technique that is no longer used in new content
for identifying in-vision speakers (it may be present in files
Horizontal positioning is used in combination with arrows to indicate
Put each piece of speech on a separate line or lines and place it
Try to make sure that pieces of speech placed right and left are 'joined
Not: When characters move about while speaking, the caption should be positioned
This is a legacy technique that is no longer used for new content
If colour cannot be used (or if colour is being used but two consecutive
of speech on a separate line and insert a white dash (not a hyphen)
are proud of the text, although not all fomats support this well.
lines is long, inevitably all the text will be towards the left of
the screen, but generally the aim is to keep the lines in the centre
segment, in live), but do not close the single quotes at the end
put single quotes at the beginning and end of the subtitle.
I'm calling about your car.' Single quotes are not necessary in telephone conversations if the
radio, loudspeakers etc., or a quotation from a person or book.
insert a ‘greater than’ (>) or ‘less than’ (<) symbols
If the out-of-shot speaker is on the left or right, type a left or
If possible, make the arrow clearly visible by keeping it clear of
be the first to know The arrows are always typed in white regardless of the text colour
Type the name of the speaker in white caps (regardless of the
If there is time, place the speech on the line below the label, so
with a white label) The subtitle file formats used by the BBC allow non-presentation metadata that can be used to include information about the speaker of a subtitle.
Including this information is useful for searching, identifying speakers and other purposes.
- On 2. marts 2021
Edward Tufte: Beautiful Evidence (Highlights)
Edward Tufte discussed his theories of visual thinking and analytical design in a lecture for Intelligence Squared in London recorded on Wednesday 19th May.
espyconnect NDIS Support Item modification 2017
we have made some changes to our NDIS Support Items category. Watch our video to see how easy it is to update your listing!