AI News, Microsoft Privacy Statement artificial intelligence

Privacy concerns regarding Google

Google's changes to its privacy policy on March 1, 2012 enabled the company to share data across a wide variety of services.[1]

If you really need that kind of privacy, the reality is that search engines—including Google—do retain this information for some time and it's important, for example, that we are all subject in the United States to the Patriot Act and it is possible that all that information could be made available to the authorities.'[3]

Privacy International has raised concerns regarding the dangers and privacy implications of having a centrally located, widely popular data warehouse of millions of Internet users' searches, and how under controversial existing U.S. law, Google can be forced to hand over all such information to the U.S. government.[4]

At the Techonomy conference in 2010, Eric Schmidt predicted that 'true transparency and no anonymity' is the path to take for the internet: 'In a world of asynchronous threats it is too dangerous for there not to be some way to identify you.

While new users were automatically opted-in, existing users were asked if they wanted to opt-in, and it remains possible to opt-out by going to the 'Activity controls' in the 'My Account' page of a Google account.

The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFC), a nonprofit organization which deals with civil liberties, has raised concerns regarding privacy issues pertaining to student data after conducting a survey which showed that a majority of parents, students and teachers are concerned that student privacy is being breached.[10]

Google places one or more cookies on each user's computer, which is used to track a person's web browsing on a large number of unrelated websites, and track their search history.

As of 2011, Google said that it anonymizes the IP address data that it collects, after nine months, and the association between cookies and web accesses after 18 months.[14]

The site raised questions relating to Google's storage of cookies, which in 2007 had a life span of more than 32 years and incorporated a unique ID that enabled creation of a user data log.[13]

Google encourages developers to use their tools and to communicate end-user IP addresses to Google: 'Developers are also encouraged to make use of the userip parameter to supply the IP address of the end-user on whose behalf you are making the API request.

This allows Google to receive any cookies that they have already set for you, effectively bypassing restrictions on setting third party cookies and allowing traffic correlation with all of Google’s other services, which most users use.

Following the continuous backlash over aggressive tracking and unknown data retention periods, Google has tried to appeal to growing number of privacy conscious people.

claims that mail sent to or from Gmail is never read by a human being other than the account holder, and content that is read by computers is only used to improve the relevance of advertisements and block spam emails.[28]

The organizations voiced their concerns about Google's plan to scan the text of all incoming messages for the purposes of ad placement, noting that the scanning of confidential email for inserting third party ad content violates the implicit trust of an email service provider.

In 2013, Microsoft launched an advertising campaign to attack Google for scanning email messages, arguing that most consumers are not aware that Google monitors their personal messages to deliver targeted ads.[32]

Other concerns include the unlimited period for data retention that Google's policies allow, and the potential for unintended secondary uses of the information Gmail collects and stores.[33]

court filing uncovered by advocacy group Consumer Watchdog in August 2013 revealed that Google stated in a court filing that no 'reasonable expectation' exists among Gmail users in regard to the assured confidentiality of their emails.

Just as a sender of a letter to a business colleague cannot be surprised that the recipient's assistant opens the letter, people who use web-based email today cannot be surprised if their communications are processed by the recipient's ECS [electronic communications service] provider in the course of delivery.[34]

And, while the deal did not give NSA access to Google's data on users' searches or e-mail communications and accounts and Google was not sharing proprietary data with the agency, privacy and civil rights advocates were concerned.[37][38]

And in July 2010 it was reported that the investment arms of both the CIA (In-Q-Tel) and Google (Google Ventures) were investing in Recorded Future, a company specializing in predictive analytics—monitoring the web in real time and using that information to predict the future.

in June 2013 included Google on the list of companies that cooperate with the NSA's PRISM surveillance program, which authorizes the government to secretly access data of non-US citizens hosted by American companies without a warrant.

According to the leaked documents, the NSA has direct access to servers of those companies, and the amount of data collected through the program had been growing fast in years prior to the leak.

Google, who stopped offering search services in China a month before the data was released, said it could not release information on requests from the Chinese government because such information is regarded as a state secret.[47]

In 2008, Consumer Watchdog produced a video showing how Google Chrome records what a user types into the web address field and sends that information to Google servers to populate search suggestions.

Google Chrome includes a private browsing feature called 'incognito browsing mode' that prevents the browser from permanently storing any browsing or download history information or cookies.

Google's online map service, 'Street View', has been accused of taking pictures and viewing too far into people's private homes and/or too close to people on the street when they do not know they are being photographed.[56][57]

Google apologized and said that they were 'acutely aware that we failed badly here' in terms of privacy protection, that they were not aware of the problem until an inquiry from German regulators was received, that the private data was collected inadvertently, and that none of the private data was used in Google's search engine or other services.

Google's motion to have the case dismissed, saying the Wi-Fi communications it captured were 'readily accessible to the general public' and therefore not a violation of federal wiretapping laws, was rejected in June 2011 by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California and upon appeal in September 2013 by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

however they have suggested the creation of a unified approach for opting-out from taking part in Wi-Fi-based positioning systems, suggesting the usage of the word 'nomap' append to a wireless access point's SSID to exclude it from Google's WPS database.[64][65]

The launch of Google Buzz as an 'opt-out' social network immediately drew criticism for violating user privacy because it automatically allowed Gmail users' contacts to view their other contacts.[67]

At the time of launch, the site's user content and conduct policy stated, 'To help fight spam and prevent fake profiles, use the name your friends, family or co-workers usually call you.'[70]

Critics pointed out that a new patent Google was granted in April 2011, for greatly enhanced user tracking through web advertising, will provide much more detailed information on user behavior and that do not track would hurt Google's ability to exploit this.

The entire patent seems to fit Google's recent claims that Chrome is critical for Google to maintain search dominance through its Chrome web browser and Chrome OS and was described as a tool to lock users to Google's search engine and – 

At the time of the criticisms, Google argued that the technology is useless, as advertisers are not required to obey the user's tracking preferences and it remains unclear as to what constitutes tracking (as opposed to storing statistical data or user preferences).

(2016) specifically focused on user's financial and sexual preferences and they have concluded that 'For Google, 100% of user sessions on a sensitive topic reject the hypothesis that no learning of the sensitive topic by the search engine has taken place and so are identified as sensitive.

European Union (EU) data protection officials (the Article 29 working party who advise the EU on privacy policy) have written to Google asking the company to justify its policy of keeping information on individuals' internet searches for up to two years.

In May 2010, Google was unable to meet a deadline set by Hamburg's data protection supervisor to hand over data illegally collected from unsecured home wireless networks.

Vividown: In February 2010, in a complaint brought by an Italian advocacy group for people with Down's Syndrome, Vividown, and the boy's father, three Google executives were handed six-month suspended sentences for breach of the Italian Personal Data Protection Code in relation to a video, uploaded to Google Video in 2006, of a disabled boy being bullied by several classmates.[118][119][120]

In early 2005, the United States Department of Justice filed a motion in federal court to force Google to comply with a subpoena for 'the text of each search string entered onto Google's search engine over a two-month period (absent any information identifying the person who entered such query).'[125]

In addition to the fines, Google agreed to avoid using software that overrides a browser's cookie-blocking settings, to avoid omitting or misrepresenting information to consumers about how they use Google products or control the ads they see, to maintain for five years a web page explaining what cookies are and how to control them, and to ensure that the cookies tied to Safari browsers expire.

In both settlements Google denied any wrongdoing, but said it discontinued circumventing the settings early in 2012, after the practice was publicly reported, and stopped tracking Safari users and showing them personalized ads.[131]

Enable cloud-delivered protection

Applies to: Windows Defender Antivirus uses multiple detection and prevention technologies to deliver accurate, real-time, and intelligent protection.

Use Group Policy to enable cloud-delivered protection: Use PowerShell cmdlets to enable cloud-delivered protection: Use the following cmdlets to enable cloud-delivered protection: See Use PowerShell cmdlets to configure and run Windows Defender Antivirus and Defender cmdlets for more information on how to use PowerShell with Windows Defender Antivirus.

Use Windows Management Instruction (WMI) to enable cloud-delivered protection: Use the Set method of the MSFT_MpPreference class for the following properties: See the following for more information and allowed parameters: Enable cloud-delivered protection on individual clients with the Windows Security app

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