AI News, Latest Geminoid Is Incredibly Realistic
- On 18. februar 2018
- By Read More
Latest Geminoid Is Incredibly Realistic
If you're wondering why on Earth someone would want an exact robotic double of themselves, besides being TOTALLYANDCOMPLETELYAWESOME, the Geminoid is going to be used for studying human-robot interaction, in particular people's emotional responses when they face an android representing another person.
Scharfe wants to find out if the robot can transmit a person's 'presence'to a remote location and whether cultural differences in people's acceptance of robots make a difference.
These are some of the same questions that Hiroshi Ishiguro set out to explore when he created his robot clone, the Geminoid HI-1, and a copy of a twentysomething Japanese model, the Geminoid F [see photos, right].
For his part, Ishiguro, a professor at Osaka University and group leader at ATR, declined to give us more details about his involvement with the Geminoid DK project, saying only that he and Scharfe 'are working together.'
Like with the other Geminoid robots, all of the movements and expressions of Geminoid DK are remote controlled by an operator with a computer, who uses a motion-capture system that tracks facial expressions and head movements.
Will the Human, Non-Geminoid Henrik Scharfe Please Stand Up?
How would you feel if you met Danish Professor Henrik Scharfe and then moments later were introduced to another Henrik Scharfe, this time an almost identical android?
Scharfe is an associate professor at Aalborg University in Denmark and is director of the center for Computer-Mediated Epistemology, which pretty much explains what all this robotics tech is all about–Epistemology is the philosophical study of knowledge, centering on the question of what’s “true”
The device will also be used to look at cultural differences in how people interact with robots–for example in the U.S. robots may be perceived as threatening, or mere simple tools, but in Japan they’re increasingly accepted as a part of society.
Actroid is a type of android (humanoid robot) with strong visual human-likeness developed by Osaka University and manufactured by Kokoro Company Ltd.
The Actroid woman is a pioneer example of a real machine similar to imagined machines called by the science fiction terms android or gynoid, so far used only for fictional robots.
Internal sensors allow Actroid models to react with a natural appearance by way of air actuators placed at many points of articulation in the upper body.
The operation of the robot's sensory system in tandem with its air powered movements make it quick enough to react to or fend off intrusive motions, such as a slap or a poke.
Additionally, the robot can be 'taught' to imitate human movements by facing a person who is wearing reflective dots at key points on their body.
By tracking the dots with its visual system and computing limb and joint movements to match what it sees, this motion can then be 'learned' by the robot and repeated.
Microphones within those Actroids record the speech of a human, and this sound is then filtered to remove background noise - including the sounds of the robot's own operation.
In addition, the robots can respond in limited ways to body language and tone of voice by changing their own facial expressions, stance and vocal inflection.
Ishiguro hopes to develop the robot's human-like presence to such a degree that he could use it to teach classes remotely, lecturing from home while the Geminoid interacts with his classes at Osaka University. In May 2011 a Danish Lector, Henrik Schärfe, revealed a robotic version of himself.
10 Incredible Robots That Are Inspiring Us to Build the First Artificial Human
We’re not yet capable of building humanoid robots that are indistinguishable from biological humans, but that doesn’t mean we’re not trying.
To create the “perfect” humanoid robot, a machine has to exhibit three fundamental qualities: It needs to look, move, and act like a human.
There isn’t a single robot in existence that hits all of these marks, and we’re still decades away from arriving at the uncanny valley for androids.
Sensors in PETMAN’s artificial skin can detect any chemicals that are leaking through the suit, and its high-tech skin simulates human physiology inside the outfit by producing sweat and regulating temperature.
Unlike previous versions of PETMAN, this new-and-improved model can balance itself and move freely, performing such tasks as walking, bending, and anything else required of a rescue worker or soldier.
Unlike PETMAN and many of the other robots on this list, she isn’t the most agile android in the world, but she’s got incredible interaction skills, along with the ability to make human-like facial expressions.
The machine is designed as a low-cost, low-power, compact device that’s meant to “help society.” Seems vague, but this bot can carry 130 pounds (60 kg), travel over uneven terrain, and handle difficult stairs—a tremendous challenge for robots.
Whether or not this machine can still perform these tasks with an upper torso and head remains to be seen, but as this robot shows, some tasks don’t require certain body parts.
Ishiguro is famous for his super-realistic humanoid robots (including his doppelganger, Geminoid HI-4), but Erica, in addition to looking very human-like, is designed to interact naturally with her human companions by integrating a number of skills, such as voice recognition, human tracking, and natural motion generation.
Endowed with 19 degrees of freedom (a degree of freedom is a single physical movement, such as the twist of the neck, or the lifting of an arm), Erica can move her face, neck, shoulder, and waist.
Called ATLAS Unplugged, it’s more energy efficient, stronger (uh-oh), more dexterous, and quieter than its clunky predecessor (you won’t be able to hear it coming during the robopocalypse).
The 6-foot-2 (1.88 meters), 345 pound (156.6 kg) robot is now equipped with a new battery pack (which it wears on its back), allowing for onboard energy storage and greater efficiency.
The way he moves his arms and closes his hands is near perfect, giving the impression that there’s an actual child controlling the movements from the inside.
The robot was designed to study coral reefs in the Red Sea, where conventional autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) are at risk of damaging the delicate seafloor structures.
OceanOne is missing the lower half of his body, but robots such as this can help us integrate human features and movements into other robots. Equipped with artificial intelligence and the requisite physical skills, future versions will be able to act without any human intervention.
The bot can pick up a sealed container filled with juice, unscrew the top, pick up a cup with its other hand, pour the juice, and carefully place both the cup and container back on the table.
DRC-HUBO managed to beat out 22 other robots, winning the $2 million grand prize, but its “transformer-like” ability was—in our opinion—a form of cheating, and not very human-like.
During the competition, the robot completed all eight tasks in the shortest amount of time, such as opening a door or operating a drill, while avoiding many of the catastrophic falls experienced by its competitors.
Taken together, it’s clear that roboticists are slowly but surely overcoming the technological hurdles required to construct a believable humanoid robot.
- On 3. marts 2021
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