AI News, Items where Year is 2013 artificial intelligence
A reclusive CEO of a leading technology company hires a young whiz kid who works for him to test his latest development, a highly advanced android called Ava.
Specifically he is tasked with using the Turing test on her to establish if her AI is sufficiently convincing to pass as human.Despite contributing several scripts for the screen, this is writer Alex Garland's first directorial effort.
But these restrictions have been used to the films advantage, as the unknown cast surprise more given little is known of them and the restricted setting gives off a claustrophobic feel which works well, while forcing us to focus in even more on the ideas being put in front of us.
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A.I. Artificial Intelligence
The film languished in protracted development for years, partly because Kubrick felt computer-generated imagery was not advanced enough to create the David character, whom he believed no child actor would convincingly portray.
In the 22nd century, rising sea levels from global warming have wiped out coastal cities, reducing the world's population.
In Madison, David, a prototype Mecha child capable of experiencing love, is given to Henry Swinton and his wife Monica, whose son Martin contracted a rare disease and has been placed in suspended animation.
Monica feels uneasy with David, but eventually warms to him and activates his imprinting protocol, causing him to have an enduring childlike love for her.
With Teddy as his only accompaniment, David recalls The Adventures of Pinocchio and decides to find the Blue Fairy so that she may turn him into a real boy, which he believes will win back Monica's love.
The audience, deceived by David's realistic nature, revolts and allows David to escape alongside Gigolo Joe, a male prostitute Mecha on the run from authorities after being charged with murder.
Believing the Blue Fairy to be real, David asks the statue to turn him into a real boy, and repeats this request until his internal power source is depleted.
The Specialists reconstruct the Swinton family home from David's memories and explain to him, via an interactive image of the Blue Fairy, that it is impossible to make David a real boy.
David spends his happiest day with Monica, and as she falls asleep in the evening, she tells David that she has always loved him: 'the everlasting moment he had been waiting for', the narrator says.
Kubrick began development on an adaptation of 'Super-Toys Last All Summer Long' in the late 1970s, hiring the story's author, Brian Aldiss, to write a film treatment.
Bob Shaw briefly served as writer, leaving after six weeks due to Kubrick's demanding work schedule, and Ian Watson was hired as the new writer in March 1990.
In early 1994, the film was in pre-production with Christopher 'Fangorn' Baker as concept artist, and Sara Maitland assisting on the story, which gave it 'a feminist fairy-tale focus'.
'We tried to construct a little boy with a movable rubber face to see whether we could make it look appealing,' producer Jan Harlan reflected.
Spielberg copied Kubrick's obsessively secretive approach to filmmaking by refusing to give the complete script to cast and crew, banning press from the set, and making actors sign confidentiality agreements.
for a family film, no action figures were created, although Hasbro released a talking Teddy following the film's release in June 2001.
in widescreen and full-screen 2-disc special editions featuring an eight-part documentary detailing the film's development, production, music and visual effects.
The bonus features also included interviews with Haley Joel Osment, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, Steven Spielberg, and John Williams, two teaser trailers for the film's original theatrical release and an extensive photo gallery featuring production sills and Stanley Kubrick's original storyboards.
The film was first released on Blu-ray Disc in Japan by Warner Home Video on December 22, 2010, followed shortly after with a U.S release by Paramount Home Media Distribution (current owners of the DreamWorks catalog) on April 5, 2011.
This Blu-ray featured the film newly remastered in high-definition and incorporated all the bonus features previously included on the 2-disc special-edition DVD.
A.I went on to gross $78.62 million in US totals as well as $157.31 million in foreign countries, coming to a worldwide total of $235.93 million.
Based on 192 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, 73% of critics gave the film positive notices with a score of 6.6/10.
The website's critical consensus reads, 'A curious, not always seamless, amalgamation of Kubrick's chilly bleakness and Spielberg's warm-hearted optimism.
Of the film's ending, he wondered how it might have been had Kubrick directed the film: 'That is one of the 'ifs' of film history—at least the ending indicates Spielberg adding some sugar to Kubrick's wine.
Maltin, on the other hand, gives the film two stars out of four in his Movie Guide, writing: '[The] intriguing story draws us in, thanks in part to Osment's exceptional performance, but takes several wrong turns;
to Solaris (1972), and praised both 'Kubrick for proposing that Spielberg direct the project and Spielberg for doing his utmost to respect Kubrick's intentions while making it a profoundly personal work.'
Film critic Armond White, of the New York Press, praised the film noting that 'each part of David's journey through carnal and sexual universes into the final eschatological devastation becomes as profoundly philosophical and contemplative as anything by cinema's most thoughtful, speculative artists – Borzage, Ozu, Demy, Tarkovsky.'
Dubbing it Spielberg's 'first boring movie', LaSalle also believed the robots at the end of the film were aliens, and compared Gigolo Joe to the 'useless' Jar Jar Binks, yet praised Robin Williams for his portrayal of a futuristic Albert Einstein.[failed verification]
Spielberg responded to some of the criticisms of the film, stating that many of the 'so called sentimental' elements of A.I., including the ending, were in fact Kubrick's and the darker elements were his own.
Plus, quite a few critics in America misunderstood the film, thinking for instance that the Giacometti-style beings in the final 20 minutes were aliens (whereas they were robots of the future who had evolved themselves from the robots in the earlier part of the film) and also thinking that the final 20 minutes were a sentimental addition by Spielberg, whereas those scenes were exactly what I wrote for Stanley and exactly what he wanted, filmed faithfully by Spielberg.'
[Despite Mr. Watson's reference to worldwide box office of 4th, the movie actually finished 16th worldwide among 2001 movie releases.]
Upon rewatching the film many years after its release, BBC film critic Mark Kermode apologized to Spielberg in an interview in January 2013 for 'getting it wrong' on the film when he first viewed it in 2001.
10 Jobs Artificial Intelligence Will Replace (and 10 That Are Safe)
To give you an idea of what jobs might be most vulnerable and which might be safe, we've compiled lists of jobs AI can and can't replace based on advice from experts, stats from the website noted above, and other research.
AI can analyze sales calls far faster than any sales manager could -- in fact, it would take nine years of nonstop sales call analysis for a human being to compete, and that’s if they didn’t take vacation or sleep.
some jobs won’t be strictly replaced -- they just might be adjusted to account for new technologies’ “careers.” Based on the landmark 2013 study that inspired “Will Robots Take My Job?” we’ve rounded up some of the marketing and sales roles most likely to be replaced by robots, bots, and AI in the next few years.
This study analyzes the likely probability that a job will be replaced by automation and computerization -- based primarily on the level of routine a job has and the specialized training and social intelligence required to complete it.
Score: 99% Why: You probably already receive robo-calls on behalf of various products and services, and career growth in the telemarketing space is expected to decline by 3% by the year 2024.
Likelihood: 96% Why: Pam predicted this back on The Office, but in case you're not a fan, automated phone and scheduling systems can replace a lot of the traditional receptionist role -- especially at modern technology companies that don't have office-wide phone systems or multinational corporations.
Likelihood: 65% Why: The field is projected to grow 12% by 2024, but with so much content on the internet with instructions, step-by-step guides, and hacks out there, it's no surprise companies will rely more heavily on bots and automation to answer support questions from employees and customers in the future.
Likelihood: 54% Why: As advertising shifts away from print and TV and towards web and social media landscapes, people simply don't need to be managing those sales for marketers who want to buy ad space.
More social media platforms are making it easy for people to buy space through free application program interfaces (APIs) and self-serve ad marketplaces to remove the salesperson and make it faster and easier for users to make money -- and that's reflected in the projected 3% decline in the industry.
Companies are democratizing the shopping experience with features like self-checkout, and the modern buyer is much more internet-savvy and more likely to do internet research and make a buying decision on their own.1 Likelihood: 0.55% Why Not: It's kind of in the name -- but your company's Human Resources department will likely always need a human at the helm to manage interpersonal conflict with the help of non-cognitive and reasoning skills.
Likelihood: 1.3% Why Not: Sales managers need a high level of emotional intelligence to hit their quotas each month, network and collaborate with customers, and motivate and encourage the larger sales team.
PR managers who have to raise awareness around an issue or mission need a particularly human touch to raise funds or get people to participate in a campaign, too -- and jobs are expected to grow 7% by 2024.
Likelihood: 3.7% Why Not: Event planning is a growing field, and if you ask anyone on our events team here at HubSpot, whether you're planning an event for employees, customers, or an industry event with tens of thousands of attendees, the planning process has many, many moving parts involved.
AIs can do some of this with title suggestions, writing prompts, and automated social media messages, but blog posts, books, movies, and plays will likely be written by humans for the foreseeable future.
Likelihood: 4.2% Why Not: Software engineering and development is hard enough for human beings to do, and the time and skill investment needed to create applications, software, and websites will be tough to replicate -- especially since developers need to execute perfectly to create great products for customers.
Likelihood: 5.5% Why Not: While some of the load can be lifted from editors with the automated proofreading technology mentioned previously, editors have to review writers' submission for clarity, accuracy, comprehensiveness, and originality.
Likelihood: 8.2% Why Not: Although there are some AIs taking small (and somewhat creepy) steps in the graphic design space, graphic design is both artistic and technical, making it an ideal role for a human being to carry out.
'As an example, today consultants help companies know what to do, when to do it and how to do it but soon AI-powered insights and recommendations software will give marketers their to-do list and that list is prioritized based on their specific goals,' he explains.
'This is going to be a continuously moving target, but for the time being, what AI can't do well is use emotional intelligence, understand situational context, make judgment calls, and generally see nuance and meaning like we do,' she says.