AI News, Hamlet iCub and Other Humanoid Robots in Photos
Hamlet iCub and Other Humanoid Robots in Photos
As part of theIEEE RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots inBirmingham, U.K.,last month, the awards committee decided to organize a funphoto contest.
Participants submitted 39 photos showing offtheir humanoids in all kinds of poses and places.
I was happy to be one of the judges, along with Sabine Hauert from the University of Bristol andRobohub, and with Giorgio Metta, the conference’s awards chair, overseeing our selection.
All photos were posted on Facebook and Twitter, and users were invited to vote on them.Sabine and I then looked at the photos with the most votes andscored them for originality, creativity, photo structure, and tech or fun factor.
The winner for “Best Humanoid Photo” features iCub in aHamlet-inspired pose.The photo, titled“To be, or not to be,”was submitted by Pedro Vicente from VisLab in Lisbon, Portugal.
Photo: Pedro Vicente, VisLab@ISR-Lisboa The three finalists for “Best Humanoid Photo,” in no particular order, were: Title: “One who doesn’t throw the dice can never expect to score a six.
One who doesn’t throw the ball can never expect to learn to juggle.”
Photo: Erik Strahl, Universität Hamburg (University of Hamburg, Germany) Title: “Ready to explore (TORO accompanied by LRU, two experimental robots for verifying concepts for planetary exploration)”
The winner for “Best Funny Humanoid Photo” was titled“If only I had a self-driving car” and featureda robot calledSABIAN sitting in the driver’s seat.
Title: “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.” (千里之行，始於足下) Robot: SABIAN (Sant’Anna BIped humANoid)
Robot: iCub Photo: Marco Randazzo, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) Title: “Blessed among women: life is not so hard when you are a broken robot”
Roa, Christian Ott, Johannes Englsberger, Bernd Henze, Alexander Werner, Oliver Porges, DLR – German Aerospace Center Title: “Pick and install (TORO picks a part for installation on an airplane frame – project COMANOID)”
– Elementary school students draw what they would like a robot do for them.
This course is a comprehensive hands-on introduction to the concepts and basic algorithms needed to make a mobile robot function reliably and effectively.
In order to succeed in the course, students must have a 1) 2nd year science/engineering level background in mathematics (matrices, vectors, coordinate systems) and 2) have already mastered at least one procedural programming language like C or Java, and 3) have enough experience to be reasonably prepared to write a 5000 line software system in 13 weeks with the help of one or two others.
A humanoid robot is a robot with its body shape built to resemble the human body.
The design may be for functional purposes, such as interacting with human tools and environments, for experimental purposes, such as the study of al locomotion, or for other purposes.
In general, humanoid robots have a torso, a head, two arms, and two legs, though some forms of humanoid robots may model only part of the body, for example, from the waist up.
Human cognition is a field of study which is focused on how humans learn from sensory information in order to acquire perceptual and motor skills.
Although the initial aim of humanoid research was to build better orthosis and prosthesis for human beings, knowledge has been transferred between both disciplines.
A few examples are powered leg prosthesis for neuromuscularly impaired, ankle-foot orthosis, biological realistic leg prosthesis and forearm prosthesis.
Besides the research, humanoid robots are being developed to perform human tasks like personal assistance, through which they should be able to assist the sick and elderly, and dirty or dangerous jobs.
In essence, since they can use tools and operate equipment and vehicles designed for the human form, humanoids could theoretically perform any task a human being can, so long as they have the proper software.
Humanoid robots, especially those with artificial intelligence algorithms, could be useful for future dangerous and/or distant space exploration missions, without having the need to turn back around again and return to Earth once the mission is completed.
The Shadow Hand uses an array of 34 tactels arranged beneath its polyurethane skin on each finger tip. Tactile sensors also provide information about forces and torques transferred between the robot and other objects.
While electric coreless motor actuators are better suited for high speed and low load applications, hydraulic ones operate well at low speed and high load applications.
In planning and control, the essential difference between humanoids and other kinds of robots (like industrial ones) is that the movement of the robot has to be human-like, using legged locomotion, especially biped gait.
Maintenance of the robot’s gravity center over the center of bearing area for providing a stable position can be chosen as a goal of control. To maintain dynamic balance during the walk, a robot needs information about contact force and its current and desired motion.
To allow humanoids to move in complex environments, planning and control must focus on self-collision detection, path planning and obstacle avoidance.
- On Sunday, January 20, 2019
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