AI News, Google Announces Joint AI Research Venture with Princeton ... artificial intelligence

Andrew W. Lo

His current research spans five areas: evolutionary models of investor behavior and adaptive markets, systemic risk and financial regulation, quantitative models of financial markets, financial applications of machine-learning techniques and secure multi-party computation, and healthcare finance.  Recent projects include: deriving risk aversion, loss aversion, probability matching, and other behaviors as emergent properties of evolution in stochastic environments;

constructing new measures of systemic risk and comparing them across time and systemic events;

and developing new statistical tools for predicting clinical trial outcomes, incorporating patient preferences into the drug approval process, and accelerating biomedical innovation via novel financing structures.

Lo is also a principal investigator at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, an affiliated faculty member of the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, an external faculty member of the Santa Fe Institute, and a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

W-Moms: From “Working Mom” to “Winning Mom”

Combine that trick with the other illusion that creates motion in a motion picture (persistence of vision that blends one image into the next slightly separated image), and you have a 3D movie, most of which have been lame to lousy so far.

“It has developed an itty-bitty projector that shines light into your eyes—light that blends in extremely well with the light you’re receiving from the real world,” writes Rachel Metz, who reviewed the system for MIT Technology Review.

“I can envision someday having a video chat with faraway family members who look as if they’re actually sitting in my living room while, on their end, I appear to be sitting in theirs…Or watching movies where the characters appear to be right in front of me, letting me follow them around as the plot unfolds.”

In a video created by her team, a cube of the ceramic is crushed by a mechanical apparatus, but as it collapses and the weight is removed, it oddly lifts back up into its original shape.

One of the related teams Greer works with is made up biologists who want to see if her nanostructured ceramic “could serve as a scaffold for growing bones—such as the tiny ones in the ear whose degeneration is one cause of deafness.”

“It lets cars broadcast their position, speed, steering-wheel position, brake status, and other data to other vehicles within a few hundred meters.” So your car would have a clear picture of everything around it with enough space to allow time for reacting to situations.

While here in the United States the FCC is working on legally defining the Internet as a public utility service, protected by the fair practices you would expect for gas, electric, and your phone, Google is trying to come up with the best way to provide service to the 4.3 billion, planet-wide, who still live offline.

The necessity side of the equation involves 700 million people today who don’t have sufficient sources of clean water and the 1.8 billion in the next 10 years.

Technological improvements at the new Sorek desal plant in Israel include larger pressure tubes, more efficient pumps, and energy recovery devices providing “the cheapest water from seawater desalination produced in the world,” according to Raphael Semiat, a chemical engineer at the Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.

But more importantly, because the organoid is derived from a specific person, tissue clusters grown from a skin cell of someone suffering from schizophrenia or Alzheimer’s disease can be analyzed for clues about those dysfunctions.

When it comes to converting sunlight into chemical energy that causes the plant to grow, a plant like corn is much more efficient than rice in firing up the process that keeps the planet green and people fed.

In his description of breakthrough number 9, Kevin Bullis writes about something called C4 photosynthesis—a supercharged process that works by capturing and shunting carbon dioxide, “concentrating it in specialized cells in the leaves.

Bullis continues, “If C4 rice ever comes about, it will tower over conventional rice within a few weeks of planting.” The yield per hectare would be increased by 50%, and there would be far less water and fertilizer required.

Bullis points out that 40% of the diet of humans consists of corn and rice, and recent statistics show the leveling off of the yields of these crops at a time when populations continue to grow.

Progress is slow, and it’s likely to take a decade or more before the genetic modifications will appear in rice fields, but according to Bullis there are also a number of other crops that are part of the C4 research, including wheat, potatoes, tomatoes, apples, and soybeans.

As labs are now able to sequence human genomes at the rate of two per hour and medicine is increasingly turning to sequencing for diagnosis and treatment, the need for large, available databases for researchers and practitioners is growing.

In his article for the MIT Technology Review, Antonio Regalado illustrates the value of such a database with the case of a six-year-old who is suffering from an unknown disorder that has seriously delayed his development, is shrinking his cerebellum, and is making him sicker with symptoms that have stumped his physicians.

But unless they find a second child with same symptoms, and a similar DNA error, his doctors can’t zero in on which mistake in Noah’s genes is the crucial one.” They plan to send Noah’s DNA information out on the Internet, but today there are no protocols for collecting, organizing, and sharing DNA databases.

Open Positions in Cryptology

The project targets at designing public-key cryptography capable to secure tomorrow's Internet which will encompass paradigms such as cloud computing, the IoT or distributed ledgers as essential ingredients.

It specifically puts a focus on: (1) designing security models and schemes that are surveillance and subversion resilient by design (forward and post-compromise security), and 2) designing cryptographic schemes that provide post-quantum security (either via generic or direct constructions).

The project targets at designing public-key cryptography capable to secure tomorrow's Internet which will encompass paradigms such as cloud computing, the IoT or distributed ledgers as essential ingredients.

It specifically puts a focus on: (1) designing security models and schemes that are surveillance and subversion resilient by design (forward and post-compromise security), and 2) designing cryptographic schemes that provide post-quantum security (either via generic or direct constructions).

The applicant will have a 30h/week employment at AIT in Vienna working in close collaboration with other members of the cryptography group.

The applicant will have a 30h/week employment at AIT in Vienna working in close collaboration with other members of the cryptography group.

We prefer candidates who can demonstrate that they have developed their research skills during their studies.

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