AI News, FAA Announces Commercial Drone Rules

FAA Announces Commercial Drone Rules

This week, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration announced new safety regulations for unmanned aircraft weighing less than 55 pounds (25 kilograms) that are conducting non-hobbyist operations.

They’re slightly different from the rules for recreational hobby drones, so it’s worth browsing what’s new: Other requirements for the aircraft and pilot: If you feel like any of these rules have the potential to get all up in your business, the FAA helpfully points out that “most of the restrictions discussed above are waivable if the applicant demonstrates that his or her operation can safely be conducted under the terms of a certificate of waiver.” One other interesting thing: these rules don’t apply to moored balloons, kites, amateur rockets, and unmanned free balloons.

President Trump Moves to Fill America's Skies with Drones

Whatever Americans think about drones filling the big blue skies of these United States, the president is jazzed about the idea of increasing air traffic—and he's working to make it happen.

“Drones are proving to be especially valuable in emergency situations, including assessing damage from natural disasters such as the recent hurricanes and the wildfires in California,” secretary of transportation Elaine Chao said in a statement.

They also could provide a notable economic infusion by creating up to 100,000 new jobs and adding $82 million to the US economy by 2025, according to the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, which lobbies for quadcopters and their ilk.

The newly created Unmanned Aircraft System Integration Pilot Program will ask state, local, and tribal authorities for their input on how to craft rules for drones that please everyone—city authorities, park officials, professional drone pilots, private citizens, all the stakeholders who want a say in what happens in, or over, their backyards.

In an effort to figure out what will work best, the DOT is accepting ideas from those local, state, and tribal authorities, who are invited to work with private-sector partners (how those partnerships will work, exactly, is TBA).

“The US is far and away a much more complex airspace than nearly any other country out there,” says Jim Gregory, who leads the Ohio State University efforts for the FAA arm that tackles integrating drones into the national airspace system.

Flirtey, which has partnered with NASA, 7-Eleven, and Domino's Pizza on proof of concept drone deliveries, thinks fast-tracking regulations will lead to advancements everyone will benefit from, like mini mobile medical drones.

They may not allow full-on flying freedom just yet, but it's possible the next time you stock up on Soylent, you'll be listening for the buzz of a drone instead of the brrrng of your doorbell.

The cheapest way to get a drone license is to take hot air balloon lessons

Does learning to fly a 70 ft tall, basically unsteerable mass of heated air encased in nylon make you in any way qualified to operate a small, electric multicopter drone?

In response, they directed me to a passage included in the majority of exemptions, including Sicherman’s: drone pilots, it states, 'must hold either an airline transport, commercial, private, recreational, or sport pilot certificate.'

While a ballooning license is probably not what they had in mind when they drafted the rules, according to this language a balloon license does indeed make you a certifiable drone operator.

After we had gained some altitude, I broke the silence to ask student and instructor about the similarities and differences between piloting a several-pound quadcopter and a hot air balloon, which weighs around 8,000 pounds.

FAA Urged To Act Fast On Final Small-UAS Rule

Reaction to the FAA’s long-awaited proposed rules for small unmanned aircraft has been guardedly positive, with advocates welcoming the relaxed certification standards while expressing concern that operating restrictions could hinder commercial use.

Associations representing manufacturers, general aviation and airlines welcomed the proposed regulations, made public Feb. 15, but urged the FAA to expedite the final rule, which some estimate could take up to three years because of the high number of public comments expected.

The proposed rule does not allow the commercial carriage of cargo, such as the package-delivery services envisaged by Amazon and Google, but the FAA is seeking public comment regarding whether such operations should be allowed within the other constraints of the rule.

The proposed rule “addresses two basic safety issues: keeping UAS well clear of other aircraft and mitigating the risk to people and property on the ground,”

Limits being considered include a maximum speed of 30 kt, altitude of 400 ft., distance from the operator of 1,500 ft., and that the vehicle should be made of frangible materials to minimize collision damage.

will be allowed to operate in Class G uncontrolled airspace, but be barred from Class A controlled airspace above 18,000 ft., and require permission from air traffic control to operate in Class B, C, D and E controlled airspace, including around airports.

He also notes that the so-called Section 333 exemption process provides a way for the agency to “consider specific uses people want to put forward as the regulatory framework evolves.”

Part 107 Test Questions (41 Sample Questions Explained)

This article will discuss the 41 Part 107 test questions the FAA released.

The 41 sample Part 107 knowledge test questions based upon my knowledge as a practicing aviation attorney and current FAA certificated flight instructor. I’m going to break the pages up into 10 questions a piece so as to decrease page load time.

The minimum passing score is 70% which is a maximum of 18 questions wrong or a minimum of 42 questions right.

The information on the internet was based upon the draft airmen certification standards for the Part 107 knowledge test but the FAA updated it which INCREASED the overall amount tested in two areas.

B) Yes, this is a Military Training Route from the surface to 1,500 feet AGL. [Here is what the AIM says: “(a) MTRs with no segment above 1,500 feet AGL must be identified by four number characters;

Keep in mind that for some airports, especially at coastal airports, almost rarely use their northerly or southerly runways because the wind is almost always blowing east or west.

You can either (1) Check to see if there is an active NOTAM on which has its own MOA tab, (2) check on (3) check on DUATS, (4) call up 1-800-WX-BRIEF, or (5) call via phone the ARTCC over the area which would be Minneapolis Center. Here is the FAA web page to find the ARTCC phone numbers. I personally would use DUATS because it records that you requested the information which is handy if things go bad.

If you are interested in setting up flight programs and want a more comprehensive set of guidelines that includes this information and more, contact me. I work with other highly skilled commercial pilots to develop flight operations and procedures manuals that are integrated with the exemptions and waivers.

manufacturers who know little about aerodynamics, (2) they don’t want to waste money on something that isn’t required, and (3) the drones they sell can’t carry any payload so the CG is static.] B.

[This looks like a great answer but it isn’t. This handbookis helpful for studying for the test but won’t tell you anything about your specific aircraft.] UA.IV.A.K1b General loading and performance: Balance, stability, and center of gravity.

You can fly somewhat overweight all day long (not legally), but it isn’t going to cause your wings to stall or pop off.

We care about flying overweight in turbulent air or when doing abrupt maneuvers that can over stress the aircraft and break it.

This is why we have maneuvering speed in manned aircraft so we know what speed to keep our aircraft below so we don’t break it in the event of a full control deflection because the aircraft will stall before it exceeds its category limits for what the aircraft was certificated for.  There are no aircraft category G limits like manned aircraft.

So flying a drone “overweight” isn’t the same as flying a certificated manned aircraft over the weight which might exceed category limits in a full control deflection.] C.

Here is a great example of a Sukhoi Su-35 Russian jet doing the Cobra maneuver which exceeds its critical angle of attack. ] UA.IV.A.K1b General loading and performance: Balance, stability, and center of gravity.

You can continue to study the rest of the questions below. However, I have compiled all questions 1-41 into a free downloadable PDF so you can continue your study offline of Questions 1-41.

[Explanation: In a turn of 30 degrees of bank and while maintaining level flight (no altitude loss because you slightly pitched up), you will have a 1.154 load factor.

This means that in this turn you will be feeling like you are pulling 1.154 G’s.  33 pounds x 1.154 = 38.082 pounds].

For example, if you don’t properly brief your VO and a FAA inspector ramp checks and the VO doesn’t know what is going on, you get in trouble.

The airport pattern in the U.S. goes to the left (because the captain or pilot tends to fly on that side and has a better view of the runway and it is the law).

[Yes, because you should know what the mean time between failures is or have an idea on what are the typical problems certain drones encounter so you can PREVENT crashes.

It is also good for your bottom line to have aircraft that work when you want to go fly them rather than having crews drive back and forth to the office to pick up more aircraft.] B.

[107.19 says, “(b) The remote pilot in command is directly responsible for and is the final authority as to the operation of the small unmanned aircraft system.

(c) The remote pilot in command must ensure that the small unmanned aircraft will pose no undue hazard to other people, other aircraft, or other property in the event of a loss of control of the aircraft for any reason” How are you going to do that without doing an inspection on the aircraft and being familiar with it?  § 107.49 says, “(c) Ensure that all control links between ground control station and the small unmanned aircraft are working properly;

(d) If the small unmanned aircraft is powered, ensure that there is enough available power for the small unmanned aircraft system to operate for the intended operational time;

and (e) Ensure that any object attached or carried by the small unmanned aircraft is secure and does not adversely affect the flight characteristics or controllability of the aircraft.” ] B.

It was initially known as cockpit resource management, but as CRM programs evolved to include cabin crews, maintenance personnel, and others, the phrase “crew resource management” was adopted.

A current definition includes all groups routinely working with the flight crew who are involved in decisions required to operate a flight safely.

These groups include, but are not limited to pilots, dispatchers, cabin crewmembers, maintenance personnel, and air traffic controllers.

[“SMS is the formal, top-down, organization-wide approach to managing safety risk and assuring the effectiveness of safety risk controls.

[This is the part of the decision making process which relies on situational awareness, problem recognition, and good judgment to reduce risks associated with each flight.] UA.V.D.K1 Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM).

[“All groups routinely working with the flight crew who are involved in decisions required to operate a flight safely.

These groups include, but are not limited to pilots, dispatchers, cabin crewmembers, maintenance personnel, and air traffic controllers.”] C.

The news station should recognize hazardous attitudes and situations and develop standard operating procedures that emphasize safety.

Remember there are 30 tic marks per quadrant but two quadrants make up a degree.) by 10 and you’ll get 6 tick marks per .1   According to Part 107, you’ll need authorization to operate within Class E at the surface airspace.

Even if it didn’t, it would have to be MSL because pilots flying don’t have an accurate way of determining AGL and are using their aneroid barometers which is trying to put out an indicated altitude ball parkish to MSL.] C.

Ever wonder how you get the phone number of the airport manager to make phone calls if you are flying recreationally within 5nm of an airport?

(c), “Because the eyes can focus only on this narrow viewing area, effective scanning is accomplished with a series of short, regularly spaced eye movements that bring successive areas of the sky into the central visual field.

Although horizontal back-and-forth eye movements seem preferred by most pilots, each pilot should develop a scanning pattern that is most comfortable and then adhere to it to assure optimum scanning.] B.

[48.25 says, “(b) A small unmanned aircraft must be registered by its owner using the legal name of its owner, unless the owner is less than 13 years of age.

If the owner is less than 13 years of age, then the small unmanned aircraft must be registered by a person who is at least 13 years of age.” Keep in mind that they are trying to make you know Part 48.

[Part 48 doesn’t require this and Part 47 doesn’t require it either.] UA.I.B.K1 Registration requirements for small unmanned aircraft systems.

§107.41 says, “No person may operate a small unmanned aircraft in Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace or within the lateral boundaries of the surface area of Class E airspace designated for an airport unless that person has prior authorization from Air Traffic Control (ATC).” The FAA is handling those authorizations via a waiver process currently.

[§107.29(b) says, (b) No person may operate a small unmanned aircraft system during periods of civil twilight unless the small unmanned aircraft has lighted anti-collision lighting visible for at least 3 statute miles.

The remote pilot in command may reduce the intensity of the anti-collision lighting if he or she determines that, because of operating conditions, it would be in the interest of safety to do so.

(c) For purposes of paragraph (b) of this section, civil twilight refers to the following: (1) Except for Alaska, a period of time that begins 30 minutes before official sunrise and ends at official sunrise;

(2) Except for Alaska, a period of time that begins at official sunset and ends 30 minutes after official sunset[.]”] B.

The cold air underneath on the ground, along with a high relative humidity, means you are expecting fog in the cooler area.

[A high density altitude decreases the power output of a normal aspirated engine because there are less air molecules in the combustion.

Looking at the other material, like LAX above which shows 6SM, that should have clued you in that the value for that place should be a number in statute miles.] UA.III.A.K2 Aviation routine weather reports (METAR).

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