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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become an area of strategic importance and a key driver of economic development.

It is essential to join forces in the European Union to stay at the forefront of this technological revolution, to ensure competitiveness and to shape the conditions for its development and use (ensuring respect of European values).

In its communication, the European Commission puts forward a European approach to Artificial Intelligence based on three pillars: The Commission is increasing its annual investments in AI by 70% under the research and innovation programme Horizon 2020.

Given the strategic importance of the topic and the support shown by the European countries signing the declaration of cooperation at the digital day, we can hope that Member States and the private sector will make similar efforts.

To support the efforts of the Member States which are responsible for labour and education policies, the Commission will: Some AI applications may raise new ethical and legal questions, related to liability or fairness of decision-making.

Machine learning denotes the ability of a software/computer to learn from its environment or from a very large set of representative data, enabling systems to adapt their behaviour to changing circumstances or to perform tasks for which they have not been explicitly programmed.

Member States and Commission to work together to boost artificial intelligence “made in Europe”

This plan proposes joint actions for closer and more efficient cooperation between Member States, Norway, Switzerland and the Commission in four key areas: increasing investment, making more data available, fostering talent and ensuring trust.

The coordinated action plan will ensure that Europe reaps the benefits of AI for citizens and businesses and competes globally, while safeguarding trust and respecting ethical values.”

In line with the AI strategy presented in April, the plan foresees increased coordination of investments, leading to higher synergies and at least €20 billion of public and private investments in research and innovation in AI from now until the end of 2020 and more than €20 billion per year from public and private investments over the following decade.

The health sector can particularly benefit from AI: in coordination with Member States the Commission will support the development of a common health database with anonymised scans of injuries, donated by patients, to improve cancer diagnoses and treatments with AI technology.

To create trust, which is necessary for societies to accept and use AI, the coordinated plan aims to develop a technology which respects fundamental rights and ethical rules.

Background In its strategy on AI for Europe, the Commission proposed to work with Member States on a coordinated plan on AI by the end of 2018, with the aim of maximising the impact of investments at EU and national levels, encourage synergies and cooperation across the EU, exchange best practices and collectively define the way forward to ensure that the EU as a whole can compete globally.

Member States and the European Parliament need to agree as soon as possible on the legislative proposals on cybersecurity, open data and the next EU budget, which includes funding for research and innovation as well as deployment of AI technologies.

For More Information Coordinated plan on Artificial Intelligence (AI) Communication Q&A on coordinated plan Factsheet on artificial intelligence More on: €66 million for robotics hubs Press release Communication Artificial Intelligence for Europe (April) Press release: expert group on artificial intelligence (March) Q&A European Approach to AI Declaration of cooperation on Artificial intelligence More information on AI

Artificial intelligence: Commission kicks off work on marrying cutting-edge technology and ethical standards

Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society Mariya Gabriel said: 'To reap all the benefits of artificial intelligence the technology must always be used in the citizens' interest and respect the highest ethical standards, promote European values and uphold fundamental rights.That is why we are constantly in dialogue with key stakeholders, including researchers, providers, implementers and users of this technology.

Today the Commission has opened applications to join an expert group in artificial intelligence which will be tasked to: The call for applications for an expert group in artificial intelligence will end on 9 April and the Commission aims to set this group up by May. This group will gather and build on the work done by other experts which is relevant to artificial intelligence, such as the high-level strategy group for industrial technologies (intermediate report) and the expert group on liability and new technologies.

The Commission has already taken action to make optimal use of what artificial intelligence can offer, with: The Commission will build further on this progress with a communication on artificial intelligence to be presented in the coming weeks, in line with the conclusions of the European Council of October 2017.

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