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GISWatch 2019 call for proposals: Artificial intelligence: Human rights, social justice and development

NEW Deadline for proposals: 26 April 2019 Introduction This 2019 edition of GISWatch will focus on the implications of artificial intelligence (AI) systems on human rights, social justice and development in the local context, with a specific focus on countries in the global South.[1] AI[2] is now receiving unprecedented global attention as it finds widespread practical application in multiple spheres of activity: from aviation and transport, to medicine, agriculture and climate change;

from policing, surveillance and military robotics, to warehouse operations management, the provision of social services, smart technology in the home, search engines and social media.[3] AI can be defined broadly as computer systems designed to perform tasks in a way that is considered to be intelligent, including those that “learn” through the application of algorithms to large amounts of data.

But while definitions of AI (and subsets of AI)[4] might vary, it is really through the context of its conceptualisation, design and application that the meaning and social implications of its use can be understood, particularly as a result of how bias and power are embedded in AI systems.[5] The conversation on AI has so far been driven largely by Western and global North perspectives.

How do they impact – positively or negatively – human rights concerns such as privacy, freedom of expression and association, access to information, access to work, to organise and join trade unions, the right to food or housing, and the right to life?

it might involved a local community, a policy advocacy process, a new technical development, an event, etc.) that helps to set the scene for the broader discussion of AI and human rights in a concrete and meaningful way.

Under certain circumstances, we may accept proposals from lead authors who are not residents in a country they wish to write about, such as proposals from displaced persons, or authors who have strong firsthand experience in a country.

Potential report angles While your report proposal should be concrete and specific in discussing the local context (please see proposal requirements above), you might want to use the suggestions below to explore some of the following topics or as entry points for your analysis: Timeline NEW Deadline for proposals: 26 April 2019 Authors informed of accepted proposals: mid-May 2019 Authors to prepare country chapter: May-June 2019 Deadline for country chapter: 30 June 2019 Editing process: July-August 2019 Deadline for final country report: 31 August 2019 Notes [1] Although the primary aim of GISWatch is to promote the views and experiences of authors from countries in the global South, we also welcome proposals from authors in developed countries across the world.

[2] Our use of the term artificial intelligence (AI) is broad, and encompasses a range of technologies, approaches and processes including algorithmic decision making, machine learning, deep learning platforms, natural language processing and speech recognition, virtual agents, biometrics, computer vision and robotic process automation.

Implications: Artificial Intelligence

She is a well-known speaker on the social and ethical impact of AI, has published extensively on the topic, and is member of program committees of most major journals and conferences in AI.Luís Moniz Pereira (FCT-UNL, Portugal)Luís Moniz Pereira is the Portuguese researcher with most scientific publications and projects relating to artificial intelligence, having studied this subject for over 40 years.

A graduate in Electrotechnical Engineering from IST, he took a PhD in Cybernetics at Brunel University (London) in 1974, becoming a research fellow at Edinburgh University and a full professor in Artificial intelligence at UNL in 1980.

He is a fellow of the European Coordinating Committee for Artificial intelligence and is currently a professor and researcher at the NOVA Laboratory for Computer Science and Informatics at UNL, now in retirement, and a member of the scientific council of IMDEA-Software, Madrid.

He has published hundreds of articles and developed software tools, which are available at http://centria.di.fct.unl.pt/~lmp, having lectured in AI and cognitive sciences.

His current research areas are centred on computational reasoning, evolutionary game theory, machine ethics and cognitive sciences.Manuel Dias (Microsoft, Portugal)Manuel Dias has over 20 years of experience in technology.

He then joined OutSystems, where he created and led an area of business solutions, later becoming responsible for the area of Product Management.

She is a well-known speaker on the social and ethical impact of AI, has published extensively on the topic, and is member of program committees of most major journals and conferences in AI.

Luís Moniz Pereira is the Portuguese researcher with most scientific publications and projects relating to artificial intelligence, having studied this subject for over 40 years.

A graduate in Electrotechnical Engineering from IST, he took a PhD in Cybernetics at Brunel University (London) in 1974, becoming a research fellow at Edinburgh University and a full professor in Artificial intelligence at UNL in 1980.

He has published hundreds of articles and developed software tools, which are available at http://centria.di.fct.unl.pt/~lmp, having lectured in AI and cognitive sciences.

His current research areas are centred on computational reasoning, evolutionary game theory, machine ethics and cognitive sciences.

He then joined OutSystems, where he created and led an area of business solutions, later becoming responsible for the area of Product Management.

The UAE is the First Globally to Sign on the World Economic Forum’s “Scale 360”

“Scale 360” offers model for a circular economy reliant on the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution The UAE government, in cooperation with the World Economic Forum on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), became the first signatory on the 'Scale 360' initiative, which aims at moving towards a more circular economy while using less natural resources and reducing pollution to tackle climate change.

His Excellency Omar bin Sultan Al Olama, Minister of State for Artificial Intelligence, said: 'The UAE’s signing on Scale 360 launched by the World Economic Forum reflects the government's commitment to employ the Fourth Industrial Revolution’s technologies for a better future for communities while joining the global efforts to sustain the environment for future generations.” “Artificial Intelligence is a major contributor to the sustainable development efforts and recycling initiatives.

A World Economic Forum report indicated that over US$1 trillion a year could be generated by 2025 for the global economy and 100,000 new jobs created within the next five years if companies focused on encouraging the build-up of circular supply chains to increase the rate of recycling, reuse and remanufacture.

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