AI News, Cyberbotics' Robot Curriculum/What is Artificial Intelligence?

Cyberbotics' Robot Curriculum/What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an interdisciplinary field of study that includes computer science, engineering, philosophy and psychology.

Early in the 17th century, René Descartes envisioned the bodies of animals as complex but reducible machines, thus formulating the mechanistic theory, also known as the 'clockwork paradigm'.

Wilhelm Schickard created the first mechanical digital calculating machine in 1623, followed by machines of Blaise Pascal (1643) and Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1671), who also invented the binary system.

In 1931 Kurt Gödel showed that sufficiently powerful consistent formal systems contain true theorems unprovable by any theorem-proving AI that is systematically deriving all possible theorems from the axioms.

During the 1960s and 1970s, Joel Moses demonstrated the power of symbolic reasoning for integration problems in the Macsyma program, the first successful knowledge-based program in mathematics.

Leonard Uhr and Charles Vossler published 'A Pattern Recognition Program That Generates, Evaluates, and Adjusts Its Own Operators' in 1963, which described one of the first machine learning programs that could adaptively acquire and modify features and thereby overcome the limitations of simple perceptrons of Rosenblatt.

Ted Shortliffe demonstrated the power of rule-based systems for knowledge representation and inference in medical diagnosis and therapy in what is sometimes called the first expert system.

In 1995, one of Ernst Dickmanns' robot cars drove more than 1000 miles in traffic at up to 110 mph, tracking and passing other cars (simultaneously Dean Pomerleau of Carnegie Mellon tested a semi-autonomous car with human-controlled throttle and brakes).

Bayesian networks are the focus of this movement, providing links to more rigorous topics in statistics and engineering such as Markov models and Kalman filters, and bridging the divide between GOFAI and New AI.

Hence, he will interact with the machine, for example by chatting using the keyboard and the screen to try to understand whether or not there is a human intelligence behind this machine writing the answers to his questions.

Hence he will want to ask very complicated questions and see what the machine answers and try to determine if the answers are generated by an AI program or if they come from a real human being.

Although the original Turing test is often described as a computer chat session (see picture on the right), the interaction between the observer and the machine may take very various forms, including a chess game, playing a virtual reality video game, interacting with a mobile robot, etc.

Unlike adults who will generally say that the robots were programmed in some way to perform this behavior, possibly mentioning the sensors, actuators and micro-processor of the robot, the children will describe the behavior of the robots using the same words they would use to describe the behavior of a cat running after a mouse.

They will grant feelings to the robots like ”he is afraid of”, ”he is angry”, ”he is excited”, ”he is quiet”, ”he wants to...”, etc.

How Do You Programme Intelligence? - Horizon: The Hunt for AI - BBC Two

SUBSCRIBE for more BBC highlights: More about this programme: Some scientists believe that .

AI Codes its Own ‘AI Child’ - Artificial Intelligence breakthrough!

Subscribe here: Check out the previous episode: Become a Patro

Facebook A.I. Robots shut down after creating their own language |Artificial Intelligence |#facebook

Facebook has shut down two artificial intelligences that appeared to be chatting to each other in a strange language only they understood. The two chatbots ...

The Hugh Thompson Show: Artificial Intelligence APJ Style

Hugh Thompson, RSA Conference Program Chair, RSA Conference Panelists: Dr Ayesha Khanna, Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, ADDO AI Mahmood ...

Programming Exercise - Artificial Intelligence for Robotics

This video is part of an online course, Intro to Artificial Intelligence. Check out the course here:

Google's DeepMind AI Just Taught Itself To Walk

Google's artificial intelligence company, DeepMind, has developed an AI that has managed to learn how to walk, run, jump, and climb without any prior guidance ...

Interview With The Lifelike Hot Robot Named Sophia (Full) | CNBC

CNBC's Andrew Ross Sorkin interviews Sophia, a humanoid robot, about the future of artificial intelligence at a Future Investment Institute panel in Saudi Arabia ...

Hanson Robotics - Sophia AI Human-Like Robot Demonstration [1080p]

How AI beat the best poker players in the world | Engadget R+D

"That was anticlimactic," Jason Les said with a smirk, getting up from his seat. Unlike nearly everyone else in Pittsburgh's Rivers Casino, Les had just played his ...

What is Artificial Intelligence Exactly?

Subscribe here: Check out the previous episode: Become a Patreo