AI News, Ban on killer robots urgently needed, say scientists
- On 27. november 2017
- By Ian Sample
Ban on killer robots urgently needed, say scientists
Watch a clip from the movie made by campaigners to ban developing autonomous weapons - video Ian Sample Science editor @iansample Monday 13 November 2017 00.01 GMT Last modified on Sunday 26 November 2017 The movie portrays a brutal future.
The short, disturbing film is the latest attempt by campaigners and concerned scientists to highlight the dangers of developing autonomous weapons that can find, track and fire on targets without human supervision.
The manufacture and use of autonomous weapons, such as drones, tanks and automated machine guns, would be devastating for human security and freedom, and the window to halt their development is closing fast, Russell warned.
While military drones have long been flown remotely for surveillance and attacks, autonomous weapons armed with explosives and target recognition systems are now within reach and could locate and strike without deferring to a human controller.
Because AI-powered machines are relatively cheap to manufacture, critics fear that autonomous weapons could be mass produced and fall into the hands of rogue nations or terrorists who could use them to suppress populations and wreak havoc, as the movie portrays.
The open letter, signed by Tesla’s chief executive, Elon Musk, and Mustafa Suleyman, the founder of Alphabet’s Deep Mind AI unit, warned that an urgent ban was needed to prevent a “third revolution in warfare”, after gunpowder and nuclear arms.
“There is an emerging arms race among the hi-tech nations to develop autonomous submarines, fighter jets, battleships and tanks that can find their own targets and apply violent force without the involvement of meaningful human decisions.
It will only take one major war to unleash these new weapons with tragic humanitarian consequences and destabilisation of global security.” Criminals and activists have long relied on masks and disguises to hide their identities, but new computer vision techniques can essentially see through them.
- On 28. november 2017
- By Samuel Gibbs
Elon Musk leads 116 experts calling for outright ban of killer robots
The open letter read: ‘lethal autonomous weapons will permit armed conflict to be fought at a scale greater than ever, and at timescales faster than humans can comprehend.’ Photograph: Allstar/Studio Canal/Sportsphoto Ltd./Allstar This article is 3 months old Samuel Gibbs Sunday 20 August 2017 15.01 BST Last modified on Monday 27 November 2017 Some of the world’s leading robotics and artificial intelligence pioneers are calling on the United Nations to ban the development and use of killer robots.
While AI can be used to make the battlefield a safer place for military personnel, experts fear that offensive weapons that operate on their own would lower the threshold of going to battle and result in greater loss of human life.
The letter, launching at the opening of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI) in Melbourne on Monday, has the backing of high-profile figures in the robotics field and strongly stresses the need for urgent action, after the UN was forced to delay a meeting that was due to start Monday to review the issue.
The founders call for “morally wrong” lethal autonomous weapons systems to be added to the list of weapons banned under the UN’s convention on certain conventional weapons (CCW) brought into force in 1983, which includes chemical and intentionally blinding laser weapons.
We need to make decisions today choosing which of these futures we want.” Musk, one of the signatories of the open letter, has repeatedly warned for the need for pro-active regulation of AI, calling it humanity’s biggest existential threat, but while AI’s destructive potential is considered by some to be vast it is also thought be distant.
Ryan Gariepy, the founder of Clearpath Robotics said: “Unlike other potential manifestations of AI which still remain in the realm of science fiction, autonomous weapons systems are on the cusp of development right now and have a very real potential to cause significant harm to innocent people along with global instability.” This is not the first time the IJCAI, one of the world’s leading AI conferences, has been used as a platform to discuss lethal autonomous weapons systems.
Elon Musk backs call for global ban on killer robots
Elon Musk: We should regulate AI to keep public safe The world's leading artificial intelligence experts are sounding the alarm on killer robots.
Once developed, they will permit armed conflict to be fought at a scale greater than ever, and at timescales faster than humans can comprehend,' the experts warn in an open letter released Monday.
Robocop becomes reality in Dubai 'Unlike other potential manifestations of AI, which still remain in the realm of science fiction, autonomous weapons systems are on the cusp of development right now and have a very real potential to cause significant harm to innocent people along with global instability,' said Ryan Gariepy, the founder of Clearpath Robotics and the first person to sign the letter.
Besides running Tesla and SpaceX, Musk also has a startup building devices to connect the human brain with computers in an attempt to develop artificial intelligence in a way that will have a positive effect on humanity.
Autonomous Weapons: an Open Letter from AI & Robotics Researchers
Grosz Harvard University, Higgins Professor of Natural Sciences, former president AAAI, former chair of IJCAI Board of Trustees Tom Mitchell CMU, past president of AAAI, Fredkin University Professor and Head of the Machine Learning Department Eric Horvitz, Microsoft Research, Managing director, Microsoft Research, past president of AAAI, co-chair of AAAI Presidential Panel on Long-term AI Futures, member of ACM, IEEE CIS Martha E.
Pollack University of Michigan, Provost, Professor of Computer Science & Professor of Information, past president of AAAI, Fellow of AAAS, ACM & AAAI Henry Kautz, University of Rochester, Professor of Computer Science, past president of AAAI, member of ACM Demis Hassabis, Google DeepMind, CEO Yann LeCun, New York University & Facebook AI Research, Professor of Computer Science & Director of AI Research Oren Etzioni, Allen Institute for AI, CEO, member of AAAI, ACM Peter Norvig, Google, Research Director, member of AAAI, ACM Geoffrey Hinton University of Toronto and Google, Emeritus Professor, AAAI Fellow Yoshua Bengio, Université de Montréal, Professor Erik Sandewall, Linköping University, Sweden, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society Francesca Rossi Padova & Harvard, Professor of Computer Science, IJCAI President and Co-chair of AAAI committee on impact of AI and Ethical Issues, member of ACM Bart Selman Cornell, Professor of Computer Science, co-chair of the AAAI presidential panel on long-term AI futures, member of ACM Joseph Y.
Horn, MIT EECS & CSAIL, Professor EECS, member of AAAI, IEEE CS Gerhard Brewka, Leipzig University, Professor for Intelligent Systems, past president of ECCAI, member of AAAI John S Shawe-Taylor, University College London, Professor of Computational Statistics and Machine Learning, member of IEEE CS Hector Levesque, University of Toronto, Professor Emeritus, Past President of IJCAI, member of AAAI Ivan Bratko, University of Ljubljana, Professor of Computer Science, ECCAI Fellow, member of SLAIS Pierre Wolper, University of Liège, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CS Bonnie Webber, University of Edinburgh, Professor in Informatics, member of AAAI, Association for Computational Linguistics Ernest Davis, New York University, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM Mary-Anne Williams, University of Technology Sydney, Founder and Director, Innovation and Enterprise Lab (The Magic Lab);
- On 28. januar 2021
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