AI News, Bad News: the game researchers hope will 'vaccinate' public against fake news

Bad News: the game researchers hope will 'vaccinate' public against fake news

Cambridge University is recruiting thousands of players to participate in an online game in which you pretend to be a fake-news tycoon and have to smear opponents, troll others, propagate conspiracy theories and marshal armies of bots to further your own machiavellian ends.

Players – the hope is – become aware of how nefarious people and systems operate and are better able to spot and resist their machinations in this vale of tears we call life.

So, come the next conflict, GIs were “vaccinated” against this potential outcome by being deliberately steeped in a belief of American righteousness and love of liberty.

Do say: Anything you like, as long as it’s with confidence and embedded in a carefully constructed web of self-supporting, spurious evidence.

6 Brainwashing Techniques They're Using On You Right Now

But They have figured out that the same technique that works so well for getting people whipped into a murderous apocalyptic frenzy, can be used sell you cars, or hamburgers, or computers.

So today we get that petty dehumanization of everybody outside of our group ('hippies,' 'rednecks,' 'fundies,' 'geeks,' 'douchebags,' 'libs', 'cons,' 'fags,' 'breeders,' 'infidels,' 'towel-heads,' 'honkies,' 'darkies,' 'players', 'haters').

But to really make this one work, They can't just define your group, but have to define your group as the elite group, a shining beacon in a world full of weak-minded walking turds.

The items on this list work best in combination, and you'll see in that the element of mockery and insulation from opposing viewpoints we talked about earlier (why listen to the viewpoints of those lesser sheeple?).

In Sarah Palin's convention speech she talked about how people from small towns are totally the best ('We grow good people in our small towns, with honesty, sincerity, and dignity').

When speaking to those city folk, on the other hand, Barack Obama made the infamous reference to those same small town types clinging to guns and religion, talking about them like they were savages to be studied through binoculars from a tower, with some peasant disease that needs cured by the enlightened.

Real Clear Politics Video

Democratic strategist Cornell Belcher says there is a media 'double-standard' over Herman Cain saying blacks have been 'brainwashed.'

CORNELL BELCHER, DEMOCRATIC STRATEGIST: First of all, do you think you're going to invite me on the show and then I'm not going to talk about the ridiculousness of that statement?

One is a great way to sort of get people on your side and win voters is to attack their intelligence.

You know, if I came on your show, Anderson, and I said, all Jewish people are brainwashed, I probably wouldn't be invited back to CNN and I assure you the condemnation would be swift and it'd be powerful and be strong.

What Herman Cain said was a racist, bigoted statement and it should treated like a racist and bigoted person who makes those racist and bigoted statements.

I mean saying black voters have been brainwashed, how does that language play outside his supporters?

If he continues and is just persistent and keeps working in the way he's working, and just as able to break through, he'll get through the highest barrier or the hardest barrier, which is credibility because people don't think he can do it.

BELCHER: He's number three right now in the polls and he's getting into racial politics saying that all black people were brainwashed?

COOPER: Don't people often say, though, well, liberals think this, or -- I mean people make vast statements about groups all the time.

BELCHER: Again, I'm trying to look at this as a teachable moment because clearly to me there's a double standard going on here and it's outrageous.

In all due respect, if he had came on this -- the network and said that all Jewish people were brainwashed it would have been -- it's top of the news and the condemnation would have come from all sides, including my friend Ari Fleisher.

So there's a presumption in the question also that just flows from the fact that 90 to 95 percent of African-Americans vote a certain way.

But when people start throwing the word 'racism' around that's when I end the conversation because you cannot have an intelligent conversation when people are accusing people in the public square of that.

He's got those two downsides like I said, but I think he's somebody who has a good chance to end up in that third slot and nobody knows what can happen from there.

'Brainwashed' Examines the Value of Brain Scans

Seems like every other week, a new study, complete with a colorful brain scan and a great headline, links a spot on the brain with the way we act.

Does this steady stream of neuroimaging studies add to our knowledge of the brain, or do the scan studies run the risk of overly simplifying human behavior, boiling it down to all nature, no nurture?

So on that - with that as a backdrop, what interested us was the migration of this tool, and of brain-based data in general but mainly brain imaging - the migration of neuroscience out of the lab, and the clinic to a lesser extent, and into the public domain, in other words into courtrooms where it might be invoked to say something about a criminal's mental state, could he form intent to commit a crime, is he rational, can he control himself;

But yes, the media can certainly oversimplify, and the interpretive license that's taken on occasion - and here I really say on occasion - by some neuroscientists has been striking.

And in fact one of the more striking examples of that, which occurred in - on the pages of the New York Times on an op-ed in about 2007 with brain imaging of swing voters, could we infer - you know, could you use brain imaging to infer what they thought of various candidates, and could this inform, then, campaigns to make the candidates more attractive, that particular op-ed was greeted, within 48 hours, by a letter signed by 17 neuroscientists objecting to the oversimplification.

And then there's also another class that I call the neuro-entrepreneurs, which are businessmen who are promoting functional magnetic resonance imaging to serve as lie detection and also in some areas of neuro-marketing.

And so studying the brain by studying 100,000 neurons at a time is sort of like trying to understand politics by looking out of an airplane window.

So a lot of early neuroimaging proceeded on the basis of assuming that there was a kind of one-to-one mapping: This piece of the brain does this particular task, so all emotion is in the amygdala.

And people in the last couple years have been developing those so that we can look at patterns of brain activation throughout the brain and sometimes do a good job of reconstructing what people are thinking.

Neuroimaging is just one of the techniques in neuroscience, and it's possible to do neuroscience in better ways, some now already, by looking at multiple brain areas simultaneously, and some by working at a higher level of resolution.

It turns out that you can use MRI to actually see the difference between blood that has more oxygen versus less oxygen because the hemoglobin molecule that actually carries the oxygen acts differently in a magnetic field depending on whether it has an oxygen molecule in it.

And then what we can do is, say, for example, have you image your childhood home versus just relaxing and not imaging anything, and we can see - get a map of which parts of the brain are more active when you're doing that.

We can decode with pretty much perfect accuracy if I show you some faces and some outdoor scenes, I can decode with almost - usually with perfect accuracy which of those you're looking at just by looking at the relative levels of activity across different parts of your brain.

But what is absolutely clear is that it makes good sense for us to be looking down from the airplane at the brain because we are irrevocably tied to this three pounds of this strange computational material that we find within our skulls, and that means our personalities, our hopes, our fears, our aspirations, the agony, the ecstasy.

So when people get strokes or tumors or traumatic brain injury or epilepsy or any kind of problems going on in their brain, their personality and decision-making change.

We're talking this hour about brain scans and what they can and cannot tell us about human behavior, what people are thinking and all kinds of stuff about the - can they be used as truth tellers, sort of like in courtroom cases?

Instead, understanding what's happening with people's biology and how their biology or changes in that lead to their behavior leads us not to letting anybody off the hook, but instead it can lead to rational sentencing and customized rehabilitation.

It leads to a more efficient and humane legal system by dropping the pretense that everybody's exactly the same on the inside, because people are actually quite different on the inside.

As far as letting people off the hook, listen, that's why we have an insanity defense, and hopefully we will be much better at inferring people's rational capacity and ability to control themselves using imaging and using other kinds of brain-based techniques.

was actually referring to a fair amount of evidence that's simply empirical evidence that shows that when people hear behavior being described in biological and neurobiological terms, as opposed to psychological terms, that they are more likely to think the person is less responsible.

And the reason is because it's that phrase, that particular phrase brain disease, has been specifically analogized by the National Institutes of Health, which created this - that formulation - has been specifically analogized to conditions that we think of more traditionally as brain diseases, and by that I mean Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia in its most florid form, Parkinson's.

And we use that to our advantage in my clinic and also in these entities called drug courts all the time where we set forth a behavioral program for people where if they complete certain tasks or fall short in others, there are consequences and rewards.

And in fact if you look at the contingency management programs of the type that she talks about in the book, you see that they're more effective than other treatment, but they're still only effective for maybe a little more than half of people.

So just like you can have a headache because you have a brain tumor, or just because you have a migraine or tension and so forth, if you have extra tools that you can go beyond the symptom to understand different underlying disorders, that's a great thing.

Different people are going to be addicted for different reasons, and in the long run we hope that we'll be able to get some insight and therefore be able to pick different treatment programs for different people.

And so there are parts of them that can really crave the cocaine, and they will give in to that temptation most of the time, but there are other parts of their brain that can list all of the reasons - the financial cost, the cost with their family and so on - and they want to quit.

So we take an addict who wants to quit, put them in the scanner, show them pictures of cocaine, and we ask them to crave, and we measure those networks in their brain that are specifically involved in that craving, and we represent the activity in those networks by a speedometer on the screen.

I certainly agree that we'll learn more about the neural underpinnings of motivation, reward, and memory, and self-control and impulse control, which are key in addiction, and that I - in no way are Scott and I somehow against biological exploration of this complex behavior.

What we are - what actually we're cautioning against and we recognize - in fact, we speak about the biology of addiction in the article - I mean, excuse me, in our chapter.

But what we want to make sure is that the attention isn't pulled almost exclusively towards that end and it also remains very much in the psychological realm, understanding that people use drugs for reasons, and also in the environmental and social.

And it's very interesting to think about smoking itself because, as a behavior, you know, when we think about actions and the kinds of - again, the consequences that shape it, smoking compared to - which is addicting.

So psychology uses terms like we just heard, like motivation, reward and so forth, and neuroscience tends to talk about particular areas and particular circuits.

And if we ever figure out an answer to free will, it's also going to come from understanding the relation between psychological terminology like desires, beliefs and so forth and the underlying neuromechanism.

FLATOW: Dr. Poldrack, in a few minutes we have left, how can, following up on Gary's point, how can the public, the lay public, learn to be more critical of the kinds of types of studies and to know which, you know, are better than the others?

So I think, you know, one thing to think about is if some - if you see, you know, an article that says, we found the part of the brain that does X, where X is, you know, love or whatever X might be, that's - you probably want to be a little bit skeptical of that because it's become pretty clear that there - you know, as Gary said earlier, there isn't a - there's very rarely a one-to-one mapping between brain parts and psychological functions.

Sure, they will be, but happily, we already have standards for the admissibility of evidence in courtrooms - so these are the Frye and Daubert standards - and also other federal rules of evidence that allow certain kinds of evidence to get excluded.

And I always tell them, look, I'll give you a piece of free advice, which is if you find something really wrong with your client's brain, the jury is going to say, great, let's fry the guy for sure then, because it's not mitigating in any way.

And when we come back, we're going to change gears and talk about astronomy, finding the first three planets, three for one, a trifecta of planets in the Goldilocks zone around a star.

Mr. Brainwash

According to the 2010 Banksy-directed film Exit Through the Gift Shop, Guetta was a proprietor of a used clothing store, where he began as a security guard, and amateur videographer who was first introduced to street art by his cousin, the street artist Invader, and who filmed street artists through the 2000s and 'evolved' into an artist in his own right in a matter of weeks after an off-hand suggestion from Banksy.

Guetta's uniformly subversive style fuses historic pop imagery and contemporary cultural iconography to create his version of a pop–graffiti art hybrid first popularized by other street artists.[citation needed] Working primarily with layers of screenprint and stenciled images, his compositions are emblematic of a graffiti wall inundated with 20th century iconography.

Featuring a 20-foot robot, a pyramid made of 20,000 books and a life-size recreation of Edward Hopper's 'Nighthawks,' Life Is Beautiful's exhibition time extended to three months, attracting a total of 50,000 visitors.[4] On February 14, 2010, Guetta opened his second show in New York City.[5] The show Life Is Beautiful: Icons covered 15,000 square feet (1,400 m2) of an abandoned warehouse in the Meat Packing District to create a gallery.

The previous night the street outside the gallery was sprayed with paint by RSH as a statement about the false nature of Mr. Brainwash's artwork.[8] When asked about this, Mr. Brainwash declared that he actually really liked the street and thus spray painted and that as long as he stirred reactions from the public/other artists, he judged it a success.[citation needed] The exhibition sold out within two days, with one private collector buying 14 of the 36 artworks on display.[citation needed] Mr. Brainwash made his Canadian debut at the Toronto International Film Festival in 2011, by placing installations all over the city.

For the exhibition, he donated over 20,000 square feet of space to showcase donated works from around the globe.[14] Google chose this space to unveil their Google Music platform on November 11, 2011.[15] The event featured performances by Busta Rhymes, Drake, and Maroon 5.[16] Mr. Brainwash created a huge mural in honor of 9/11, which was located on the side of Century 21 (on Church between Dey Street and Cortlandt Street) across from the WTC site.[17] In 2015, Mr. Brainwash returned to New York City to create another mural in remembrance of September 11.

however on July 14, 2011, TMZ reported that the artwork was by Mr. Brainwash and part of the official promotion for the Chili Peppers' I'm with You album.[23] Mr. Brainwash directed a video for 'Divine Sorrow' by Wyclef Jean, featuring Avicii for Coca-Cola and the (RED) campaign, which aims to raise awareness and money for the Global Fund's efforts to virtually eliminate mother to child transmission of HIV.[24] In 2013, in collaboration with the Hard Rock Hotel, Mr. Brainwash did art installations for the Coachella Festival.[25] In 2014, Mr Brainwash was a part of Rita Ora's live musical performances on 'The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon'.[26] Mr. Brainwash collaborated with Mercedes-Benz for The Evolution Tour, 8 intimate concert experiences, across the country featuring artists such as Alabama Shakes and Mayer Hawthorne.

At each stop of the Evolution Tour, Mr. Brainwash created a one-of-a-kind Mercedes-Benz 2015 GLA.[27] In December 2014, Mr. Brainwash created an installation for the opening of Hublot's Bal Harbor Boutique in Miami during Miami Art Week, wrapping the entire facade with his work but also intervening on presentation stands inside the boutique and even creating a one-of-a-kind Hublot timepiece with a presentation box.[28] In the spring of 2015, Mr. Brainwash helped launch Sunglass Hut's Signature Artists Series with a limited edition, one-of-a-kind run of Aviator and Wayfarer sunglasses by Ray Ban.[29] Mr Brainwash made his major auction debut on May 14, 2010 at Phillips.

The background of the work was adorned with the artist's Madonna and Heart image, set in an urban/street environment.[30] The London Fall 2010 Phillips Contemporary Art Sale was Brainwash's second appearance in auction, this time with two works, described as spray and metallic paint, acrylic and paper collage on canvas.[31] The smaller of the two measures 106.7 x 106.7 cm (42 x 42 inches) and shows Kate Moss amongst heavy brush strokes and splatters of red, pink, and white paint all amongst a gold background.

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