AI News, Artificial Intelligence: The Challenge to Keep It Safe
- On Monday, November 20, 2017
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Artificial Intelligence: The Challenge to Keep It Safe
Safety Principle: AI systems should be safe and secure throughout their operational lifetime and verifiably so where applicable and feasible.
Whatever the latest generation of any technology happens to be — from appliances to airplanes — manufacturers know that customers expect their products to be safe from start to finish.
Meanwhile, the Tesla car accident, in which the vehicle mistook a white truck for a clear sky, offers an example of an AI misunderstanding its surrounding and taking deadly action as a result.
“If we can design a method that prevents even a malicious attacker from causing an AI to take an undesirable action, then it is even less likely that the AI would choose an undesirable action independently.” AI safety may be a challenge, but there’s no reason to believe it’s insurmountable.
… ‘Throughout their operational lifetime’ is actually the more important part of the sentence, because that’s about sustainability and longevity.” But then, he added, “My favorite part of the sentence is ‘and verifiably so.’ That is critical.
Because that means, even if you and I don’t agree on what ‘safe and secure’ means, but we do agree on verifiability, then you can go, ‘well, here’s my certification, here’s my checklist.’ And I can go, ‘Great, thanks.’ I can look at it, and say, ‘oh, I see you got things 1-10, but what about 11-15?’ Verifiably is a critical part of that sentence.” AI researcher Susan Craw noted that the Principle “is linked to transparency.” She explained, “Maybe ‘verifiably so’ would be possible with systems if they were a bit more transparent about how they were doing things.” Greene also noted the complexity and challenge presented by the Principle when he suggested: “It depends what you mean by ‘verifiably.’ Does ‘verifiably’ mean mathematically, logically proven?
If you’re talking about a small risk of a catastrophic outcome, maybe that’s not good enough.” Safety and Value Alignment Any consideration of AI safety must also include value alignment: how can we design artificial intelligence that can align with the global diversity of human values, especially taking into account that, often, what we ask for is not necessarily what we want?
but again, I think safety also means policy and norm-setting.” And the value-alignment problem becomes even more of a safety issue as the artificial intelligence gets closer to meeting — and exceeding — human intelligence.
Havens also requested “words that further explain ‘safe and secure,’” suggesting that we need to expand the definition beyond “physically safe” to “provide increased well being.” Anca Dragan, an associate professor at UC Berkeley, was particularly interested in the definition of “safe.” “We all agree that we want our systems to be safe,” said Dragan.
Why AI Safety? - Machine Intelligence Research Institute
Unless we put in an (enormous, multi-generational) effort to teach AI systems every detail of our collective values (to the extent there is overlap), realistic systems will need to rely on imperfect approximations and proxies for what we want (Soares, Yudkowsky).
Alignment research can involve developing formal and theoretical tools for building and understanding AI systems that are stable and robust (“high reliability”), finding ways to get better approximations of our values in AI systems (“value specification”), and reducing the risks from systems that aren’t perfectly reliable or value-specified (“error tolerance”).
Loosely speaking, we can imagine the space of all smarter-than-human AI systems as an extremely wide and heterogeneous space, in which “alignable AI designs” is a small and narrow target (and “aligned AI designs” smaller and narrower still).
In practice, this usually involves focusing on the biggest gaps in our current theories, in the hope of developing better and more general theories to undergird subsequent engineering work (Soares).
Finally, we also usually avoid problems we think academic and industry researchers are well-positioned to address, focusing instead on what we expect to be the most neglected lines of research going forward (Bensinger).
Conditional on a good outcome, though, we put a fair amount of probability on scenarios that more or less follow the following sketch: In the short term, a research community coalesces, develops a good in-principle understanding of what the relevant problems are, and produces formal tools for tackling these problems.
AI researchers move toward a minimal consensus about best practices, more open discussions of AI’s long-term social impact, a risk-conscious security mindset (Muehlhauser), and work on error tolerance and value specification.
As we move toward a clearer sense of what smarter-than-human AI systems are likely to look like — something closer to a credible roadmap — we imagine the research community moving toward increased coordination and cooperation in order to discourage race dynamics (Soares).
In the long term, we would like to see AI-empowered projects used to avert major AI mishaps while humanity works towards the requisite scientific and institutional maturity for making lasting decisions about the far future (Dewey).
For this purpose, we’d want to solve a weak version of the alignment problem for limited AI systems — systems just capable enough to serve as useful levers for preventing AI accidents and misuse.
Asilomar AI Principles
2) Research Funding: Investments in AI should be accompanied by funding for research on ensuring its beneficial use, including thorny questions in computer science, economics, law, ethics, and social studies, such as: How can we make future AI systems highly robust, so that they do what we want without malfunctioning or getting hacked?
To express your support for these principles, please add your name below: Full Name * Job Title (For example “Professor of Computer Science” or “AI grad student”) Email * (This won’t be made public) Affiliation To date, the Principles have been signed by 1273 AI/Robotics researchers and 2541 others.
Prof., member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE RAS David Duvenaud, University of Toronto, Professor of Computer Science Bruno Siciliano, University of Naples Federico II, Director of ICAROS Center, member of IEEE RAS Irfan Essa, Georgia Institute of Technology, Professor of Computing, member of ACM, IEEE CS, IEEE RAS Jose Artur Quilici-Gonzalez, Federal University of ABC - Brazil, Professor of Digital Systems Luís Moniz Pereira, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Professor of Computer Science, member of APPIA Francisco Herrera, University of Granada, Spain, Professor of Computer Science, member of IEEE CIS, AEPIA - Spanish Association for Artificial Intelligence Joshua Pearce, Michigan Technological University, Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering, member of OSHWA João Leite, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Professor of Computer Science, member of EPIA, EurAI Georgios Chalkiadakis, Technical University of Crete, Associate Professor of Computer Science, member of Hellenic Artificial Intelligence Society (EETN) Dr Geraint Bevan, Glasgow Caledonian University, Lecturer in Applied Instrumentation and Control, member of IET, InstMC Richard Gilbert, Loyola Marymount University, Professor of Psychology Ruzena Bajcsy, UC Berkeley, Professor of EECS, member of IEEE CS, IEEE RAS, AAAI Joseph Halpern, Cornell University, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM Randy Goebel, University of Alberta, Professor of Computing Science, member of AAAI Janet Wiles, University of Queensland, Professor of Complex and Intelligent Systems, member of IEEE CIS Charles Elkan, UC San Diego, Professor of Computer Science Diego Calvanese, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence Bruce Sawhill, UC Santa Cruz, Professor of Computer Engineering Gabriela Henning, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Argentina, Professor of Informatics, member of Argentine Association for Artificial Intelligence Chao-Lin Liu, National Chengchi University, Taiwan, Professor, member of AAAI, ACM, TAAI Stephen V Chenoweth, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Associate Professor of Computer Science and Software Engineering, member of ACM Peter Christen, The Australian National University, Professor Carlo Pinciroli, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Assistant Professor, member of ACM, IEEE RAS David C.
Noelle, University of California, Merced, Associate Professor, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CIS, IEEE CS Russell Greiner, University of Alberta, Professor Computing Science, member of AAAI Georgios Papadourakis, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Professor of Informatics Engineering, member of Hellenic Artificial Intelligence Society Paolo Traverso, FBK, Director of Research Center, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CS Gert de Cooman, Ghent University, Professor of Uncertainty Modelling and Systems Science, member of SIPTA Prasad Tadepalli, Oregon State University, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM Michael Jordan, University of California, Berkeley, Professor, member of AAAI, ACM Jaak Tepandi, Tallinn University of Technology, Professor of Knowledge Based Systems James Delgrande, Simon Fraser University, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI Nozha Boujemaa, INRIA, Director of Research, Advisor to the CEO in Big Data, member of ACM Michael Fisher, University of Liverpool, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM Maria Keet, University of Cape Town, Senior Lecturer in Computer Science Ingo Fischer, IFISC (UIB-CSIC), Professor of Physics Mian Muhammad Mubasher, Punjab University College of Information Technology, University of the Punajb, Lecturer of Computer Science Timothy Baldwin, The University of Melbourne, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACL Frank Hutter, University of Freiburg, Germany, Emmy Noether Research Group Leader, member of AAAI Raia Hadsell, DeepMind, Research scientist Djoerd Hiemstra, University of Twente, Associate Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM Joerg Hettel, University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM Karl Tuyls, University of Liverpool, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE RAS Paolo Torroni, University of Bologna, Italy, Associate Professor of Computer Science Wolfgang Ertel, Ravensburg-Weingarten University of Applied Sciences, Professor of Computer Science, member of GI (German Association of Informatics) Grigorios Tsoumakas, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Assistant Professor, member of ACM, IEEE CS, Hellenic Artificial Intelligence Society Waqas Tariq Dar, Punjab University College Of Information Technology, Lahore, Visiting Faculty of Computer Science & Software Development Lead Fernando Fernandez, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Professor of AI related courses Matthias Hein, Saarland University, Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science Bernd Neumann, University of Hamburg, Professor of Informatics, member of AAAI Pedro U.
(Virginia) Dignum, Delft University of Technology, Professor, member of ACM, IEEE CIS, EURAI Federico Gobbo, University of Amsterdam, Professor of Linguistics, member of π Research Network, Society of Philosophy of Information Klaus-Dieter Althoff, University of Hildesheim, Professor of Artificial Intelligence, member of Gesellschaft fuer Informatik's Technical Committee of AI Vassilis Plagianakos, University of Thessaly, Greece, Associate Professor, member of IEEE CIS, IEEE CS, IEEE BBTC Ruth Aylett, Heriot-Watt University, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM Sven Behnke, University of Bonn, Germany, Professor for Autonomous Intelligent Systems, member of ACM, IEEE RAS, Fachbereich Künstliche Intelligenz der Gesellschaft für Informatik, Trustee of RoboCup Federation Alejandro Nicolas Martinez-Garcia, Instituto Tecnologico del Valle de Morelia-Tecnologico Nacional de Mexico, Research Professor: Sustainable Complex Systems Engineering Stavros Tripakis, University of California, Berkeley, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM Hector Geffner, ICREA & Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Professor of CS and AI, member of AAAI Enrique Munoz de Cote, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI Miroslaw Truszczynski, University of Kentucky, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM Christoph Lampert, IST Austria, Professor of Machine Learning and Computer Vision, member of Computer Vision Foundation Julia Hockenmaier, University of Illinois, Associate Professor, member of ACM, ACL Bert Huang, Virginia Tech, Assistant Professor of Computer Science Lenhart Karl Schubert, University of Rochester, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, SIGAI Raul Monroy, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM, SMIA Christoph M.
University of Sao Carlos, Carnegie Mellon University and AI4Good.org, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI Kate Larson, University of Waterloo, Associate Professor, member of AAAI, ACM John Carroll, University of Sussex, Professor of Computational Linguistics Hatzilygeroudis Ioannis, University of Patras, Greece, Associate Professor, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CS Leonardo Trujillo, Instituto Tecnológico de Tijuana, Research Professor, member of ACM Marlon Michel Antônio Moreira Neto, UNIUBE, Researcher and Professor of biological sciences Amine Boumaza, University of Lorraine, France, Associate Professor of Computer Science Andrzej Kaczmarczyk, Institute of Mathematical Machines, Warsaw, Poland, Professor of Cybernetics, member of IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society Jean-Claude Heudin, Devinci Research Center - Pôle Universitaire Léonard de Vinci, Professor, member of INSTICC Frieder Stolzenburg, Harz University of Applied Sciences, Germany, Professor of Computer Science, member of GI - German Informatics Society in AI Chapter Marten Teitsma, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Lecturer Andre Carlos Ponce de Leon Ferreira de Carvalho, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM, IEEE CIS Ben Goertzel, OpenCog Foundation, Chief Scientist Edson Prestes, Informatics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, Professor, member of IEEE RAS Hiroshi Yamakawa, The Whole Brain Architecture Initiative (WBAI), a specified NPO, Chairperson, Professor, member of The Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence (JSAI) Adam Smith, Pennsylvania State University, Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, member of ACM Bonnie Webber, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh;
University of New South Wales, Senior Lecturer JJ Merelo, University of Granada, Spain, Professor of computer science, member of ACM Toyoaki Nishida, Kyoto University, Professor of Informatics, member of AAAI, IEEE CS, Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence (JSAI) Fabrice Popineau, CentraleSupelec / LRI, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM Anthony Picciano, City University of New York Graduate Center, Professor of Urban Education Luigi Portinale, University of Piemonte Orientale (Italy), Full Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, IEEE CS, Italian Association for AI (AI*IA) Stefano Caselli, University of Parma, Italy, Professor of Computer Engineering, member of ACM, IEEE CS, IEEE RAS Marcel van Gerven, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Associate Professor AI Mephu Nguifo Engelbert, Clermont Auvergne University - LIMOS - CNRS, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM, IEEE CIS, French Association of Artificial Intelligence Maurice Bruynooghe, KU Leuven, Emeritus Professir Computer Science, member of BNAIC Alistair Knott, University of Otago, New Zealand, Associate Professor of Computer Science Noel Sharkey, Foundation for Responsible Robotics, Emeritus Professor of AI and Robotics, member of International Committee for Robot Arms Control (Chair), Foundation for Responsible Robotics (co-director) Danko Nikolic, CSC, FIAS, Data Scientist, AI Researcher, Brain Scientist, Professor of Cognitive Psychology Joachim Diederich, University of Queensland, Professor Nysret Musliu, TU Wien, Senior Scientist Soheil Human, University of Vienna, Lecturer Sandro Skansi, University College Algebra, IN2data, AAAI member, ACL member, Lecturer in Data Science, member of AAAI, Association for Computational Linguistics Valmir C.
Amilcar Cardoso, University of Coimbra, Portugal, Professor of Computer Science, member of Association for Computational Creativity Satoshi Kurihara, The University of Electro-Communications, Professor of AI, member of AAAI, ACM Eduardo Espinosa Avila, National University of Mexico - UNAM, Professor of Computer Science Joos Vandewalle, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, Professor emeritus of Electrical Engineering/President of the Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts of Belgium, member of IEEE Computational Intelligence Society Maria Benedita Campos Neves Malheiro, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, member of AAAI, ACM, APPIA Portuguese Association for Artificial Intelligence Nicola Santoro, Carleton University, Distinguished Professor of Computer Science, member of IEEE CS Mark Dobeck, Cleveland State University, Professor of Management Farhan Malik, Architecture of Things, CTO & Chief Architect, Emerging Technologies, Artificial Intelligenece, High Performance Computing, Internet of Things, member of AAAI Joerg Hoffmann, Saarland University, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, GI Nicolas Chapados, Element AI, Chief Science Officer Malte Helmert, University of Basel, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI Marcos Barreto, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Assistant professor, member of IEEE RAS Antonio Arauzo-Azofra, University of Cordoba, Associate Professor of Computer Science, member of INSTICC Vasant G Honavar, Pennsylvania State University, Professor of Information Sciences and Technology and of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CIS, IEEE CS Douglas Henrique Marin dos Santos, IESB Brasília, Professor of Constitutional Law Robert Babuska, Delft University of Technology, Professor of Intelligent Control and Robotics, member of IEEE CIS Tom Heskes, Radboud University Nijmegen, Professor of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Fathi M.
Barbosa, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Professor, member of ACM, IEEE CS Ioannis Patras, Queen Mary University of London, Associate Professor in Computer Science, member of IEEE CS Isabelle Bichindaritz, State University of New York at Oswego, Associate Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM Klaus Diepold, Technical University of Munich, Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Pascal Vincent, Montreal Institute for Learning Algorithms, Université de Montréal, Associate Professor John Mark Agosta, Microsoft, Principal Data Scientist, Manager, member of AAAI, ACM, FIRST Robotics Dmitry Chichkov, DAQRI, Research Engineer Luis Gonzalez Lorenzo, Primex Team Leader, member of AAAI, IEEE CIS, IEEE CS Tijmen Tieleman, minds.ai, co-founder and CTO Eugénio Oliveira, University of Porto and LIACC, Professor and Researcher in AI, member of APPIA- Portuguese AI Society Yuichi Sato, Fujitsu Laboratories.Ltd., Senior Expert Gregory Dorais, NASA Ames Research Center, Computer Scientist Matthias Samwald, Section for Artificial Intelligence and Decision Support, Medical University of Vienna, Professor of Biomedical Informatics Carlos Ruiz, Mr Jeff, PM and COO at Mr Jeff, former Head or R&D at Taiger, member of ACM, W3C, Spanish AI Society Jeongho Shin, Professor of Human Science Matjaz Gams, Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia, EU, Professor of computer science, member of ACM, IEEE CS Anne Gerdes, University of Southern Denmark, Associate Professor Takafumi Matsumaru, Waseda University, Professor of Robotics and Mechatronics, member of IEEE RAS, RSJ, JSME, SICE Simon Sangwhun Nam, SSU, Professor of CPS, member of ISC2 Ramesh Annavajjala, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, Affiliate Research Associate Professor, member of IEEE CIS Hiroshi Nakajima, Omron Corporation and Kyushu Institute of Technology, Chief Technology Specialist and Guest Professor, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CIS, IEEE CS, SOFT, JSAI, IPSJ, SICE, ISCIE Graeme Hirst, University of Toronto, Professor of Computational Linguistics, member of ACM Joaquin Vanschoren, Eindhoven University of Technology, Professor of Machine Learning, OpenML Founder Shabbir Syed Abdul, Taipei Medical University, Professor of health informatics David McAllester, TTI-Chicago, Professor of Computer Science, member of AAAI Amita Kapoor, University of Delhi, Associate Professor, member of ACM, IEEE CIS, IEEE RAS, INNS Sanjiv Ranjan Das, Santa Clara University, Professor of Finance and Data Science Wade J Roach, Dimond High School, FIRST Robotics, PLTW Engineering Instructor, Biologist, member of AAAS Robotics Katie Atkinson, University of Liverpool, Professor of Computer Science, member of President of the International Association for AI and Law Tamas Haidegger, Obuda University, Associate Professor of Robotics, member of IEEE RAS Nicholas K Taylor, Heriot-Watt University, Professor of Computer Science, member of SSAISB Patvardhan Chellapilla, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra, INDIA, Professor of Computer Science Jim Riviere, North Carolina State university, Kansas State University, Distinguished Professor Emeritus Other Endorsers: Stephen Hawking Director of research at Dept.
Future of Humanity Institute David Sanford LinkedIn Juris Borzovs, University of Latvia, Professor of Information technology, member of IEEE CS Charis Thompson, UC Berkeley and LSE, Chancellor's Professor, Science and Technology Studies Thomas Rory Stone, PredictionIO, Founder, member of IEEE CS Susan Schneider, University of Connecticut and Institute for Advanced Study, Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science James Barrat, Filmmaker, Author Irving Wladawsky-Berger, MIT, Visiting faculty Aaron VanDevender, Founders Fund, Chief Scientist Vladimir Onoprienko, Member Noosphere Public Academy of Sciences, Russia, Professor Dr Member Noosphere Public Academy of Sciences, Russia, member of AAAI, Asgardia Dr Steve Wright, Leeds Beckett University, Reader in Applied Global Ethics, member of ICRAC Marcelo de Araujo, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Professor for Ethics Aleksandar Jovanovich, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Belgrade, Professor of Logic, member of Society of pure and applied logic Alexander Wissner-Gross, Gemedy, President Maurice Grinberg, New Bulgarian University, Associate professor of Cognitive Science Reuben Cauchi, University of Malta, Lecturer Helena Matute, Deusto University, Spain, Professor of Experimental Psychology Lawrence Saul, UC San Diego, Professor of Computer Science and Engineering Sandra Maria Becker Tavares, DGEI/Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Professor of Bioethics and Defense Peter Ljunglöf, University of Gothenburg and Chalmers University of Technology, Associate Professor of computer science Paul Jorion, Université Catholique de Lille (France), Interdisciplinary Associate Professor Jeroen Van Den Hoven, Delft University of Technology, University Professor of Ethics and Technology, member of Board member Foundation for Responsible Robotics Henri Benisty, Institut d'Optique Graduate School, Univ Paris-Saclay, CNRS, Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Professor of Physics Jack Minker, University of Maryland, Professor Emeritus of Computer Science, member of AAAI, ACM, IEEE CS, America Association for the Advancement of Science Zavain Dar, Lux Capital, Stanford University, VC and Lecturer John Hering, Lookout, Founder Mark Gubrud, University of North Carolina, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Peace, War & Defense Geza Meszena, Department of Biological Physics, Eotvos University, Budapest, Hungary, Professor of Physics Juan Pablo Bermúdez, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Professor of Philosophy Geoffrey Miller, University of New Mexico, Associate Professor of Psychology Jeff Johnson, University of San Francisco, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM Florin Rusu, University of California Merced, Professor of Computer Science, member of ACM, IEEE CS Tony Kwan, University of Canberra, Adjunct Professor Frederick Grinnell Mylene Baum Botbol, ucl belgium, Professor of Philosophy and Bioethics, member of louvain bionics Jiri Zlatuska, Masaryk University, Faculty of Informatics;
Philip Larrey, Pontifical Lateran University, Vatican, Professor of Logic and Epistemology Andreas Matthias, Lingnan University, Hong Kong, Senior Teaching Fellow in Philosophy, Robot ethics Javier Forment, Polythecnic University of Valencia, Spain, Professor of Python programming in Biotechnology Degree Teresa Pegors, Azusa Pacific University, Assistant Professor of Psychology Fernando de Azevedo Alves Brito, Professor EBTT de Direito do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia da Bahia (IFBA), Campus Vitória da Conquista., member of Bacharelado de Sistema de Informações do IFBA, Campus Vitória da Conquista Enrique Dans, IE Business School, Professor of Innovation Shigeo Kawashima, Aoyama Gakuin Women's Junior College, Associate Professor Carolina Aguerre, Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina, Professor Social Sciences Walter Whiteley, York Univerisity, Professor of Mathematics and Statistics John H Schweitzer, Michigan State University, Professor of Social Science Bernard Frischer, Indiana University, Professor of Informatics, member of ACM Aranzazu Berbey Alvarez, Universidad Tecnologica de Panama, Researcher and Associated Professor Michael McAllum, Centre for the Future, Melbourne Australia, Chief Steward Academy of Scholars Maria Gema Quintero Lima, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Professor of Labour and Social Security Law Stehr, Nico, Zeppelin University, Karl Mannheim Professor of Cultural Studoes Jose Ramos Escobar, Mexican Chamber of Construction, Professor of Business management and Construction Costs at Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico Jens Allwood, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, Professor of linguistics, Director of interdisciplinary center SCCIIL Johann Blieberger, TU Vienna, Dept.
- On Thursday, February 27, 2020
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