AI News, Aristo Papers — Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence artificial intelligence

AI Fairness

Global disease prevalence was determined for male and female patients in 11 disease categories from the Global Burden of Disease database: cardiovascular, diabetes, digestive, hepatitis (types A, B, C, and E), HIV/AIDS, kidney (chronic), mental, musculoskeletal, neoplasms, neurological, and respiratory (chronic).

With studies as measurement unit, substantial female underrepresentation (sex bias ≤ −0.05) was observed in 7 of 11 disease categories, especially HIV/AIDS (mean for articles, −0.17 [95% CI, −0.18 to −0.16]), chronic kidney diseases (mean, −0.17 [95% CI, −0.17 to −0.16]), and cardiovascular diseases (mean, −0.14 [95% CI, −0.14 to −0.13]).

Sex bias in articles for all categories combined was unchanged over time with studies as measurement unit (range, −0.15 [95% CI, −0.16 to −0.13] to −0.10 [95% CI, −0.14 to −0.06]), but improved from before or during 1993 (mean, −0.11 [95% CI, −0.16 to −0.05]) to 2014 to 2018 (mean, −0.05 [95% CI, −0.09 to −0.02]) with participants as the measurement unit.

papers

Global disease prevalence was determined for male and female patients in 11 disease categories from the Global Burden of Disease database: cardiovascular, diabetes, digestive, hepatitis (types A, B, C, and E), HIV/AIDS, kidney (chronic), mental, musculoskeletal, neoplasms, neurological, and respiratory (chronic).

With studies as measurement unit, substantial female underrepresentation (sex bias ≤ −0.05) was observed in 7 of 11 disease categories, especially HIV/AIDS (mean for articles, −0.17 [95% CI, −0.18 to −0.16]), chronic kidney diseases (mean, −0.17 [95% CI, −0.17 to −0.16]), and cardiovascular diseases (mean, −0.14 [95% CI, −0.14 to −0.13]).

Sex bias in articles for all categories combined was unchanged over time with studies as measurement unit (range, −0.15 [95% CI, −0.16 to −0.13] to −0.10 [95% CI, −0.14 to −0.06]), but improved from before or during 1993 (mean, −0.11 [95% CI, −0.16 to −0.05]) to 2014 to 2018 (mean, −0.05 [95% CI, −0.09 to −0.02]) with participants as the measurement unit.

The Morality of Artificial Consciousness

Moral Theology’s take on AI This was a paper submitted for my Moral Theology class in 2015, The Turing Test is a form of the imitation game that involves three participants in isolated rooms: a computer (which is being tested), a human, and a (human) judge.

In his seminal paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Turing proposed the creation of a framework that would answer the question whether a machine can act indistinguishably from the way a human can act.

Artificial Intelligence research is also making waves in the business world, with financial predictive AIs, decision support systems, recommender systems, and other computer applications that simulate experts on a certain business aspects.

The technical revolution to create systems that are capable of human-level decision making, cognition, and intuition to automate tasks, and increase decision making has never been this abuzz.

Leibniz and Descartes expanded Aristotelian logical reasoning systems and explored the idea that rational thought can be as structured as formal deduction, similar to mathematics and algebra.

Christof Koch, Chief Scientific Officer to the Allen Institute of Brain Science (and one of the few men who are reputable enough to answer this fundamental question) posits that consciousness, and inherently intelligence, is an intrinsic property of matter, just like mass or energy.

However, the same is not true for digital simulations.” If we take this definition of consciousness, and apply it to whatever machine, Koch says that sentience and intelligence will follow, as is intrinsic to the brain.

Theologian Russell Bjork presents a counter-argument, “if this overall understanding is correct, then there would appear to be a conflict between biblical teaching and technological efforts to create an artifact that can rightly be called a person.” In Genesis 2:7 it is written that “Then the Lord God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.” This passage is often understood to be two discrete acts of creation;

Following this, the former act of creation is seen as physical — an immediate act of God or perhaps a process mediated through a process such as evolution by natural selection — but the latter creational act is seen as involving a divine function that lies outside the material realm.

7:22), it explicitly refers to all creatures (both humans and beast) drowned by the flood, describing them as those who had “the breath of life.” Moreover, the text does not say that man “received” a living soul, but rather “became” a living soul — which seems better understood as meaning a living organism that has animate life rather than as an immaterial substance which sets humans apart from other creatures.” This unification is parallel to Koch’s argument of the consciousness being a property of the material.

We depend on machines to be able to navigate through GPS, Google Maps, and air traffic control software, we depend on machines for our interpersonal communication through our social networks and cell phones, we depend on machines for our leisure for our e-readers and video games, we depend on machines for our transportation with our fly-by-wire cars that are computer driven already.

At the present time, these machine-human interactions are no different than the interactions one might have with any piece of technology, but as these machines become more interactive, more conscious, and more intelligent they will become involved in situations that have a moral character that may be uncomfortably similar to the interactions we have with other sentient beings.

Kate Crawford | AI Now: Social and Political Questions for Artificial Intelligence

The impact of early AI systems is already being felt, bringing with it challenges and opportunities, and laying the foundation on which future advances in AI will ...

Learn the Artificial Intelligence

Discover our eBooks and Audiobooks on Google Play Store Apple Books ..

Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: 00:00:20 1 Projects 00:01:34 1.1 ..

Humans Need Not Apply

Support Grey making videos: ## Robots, Etc: Terex Port automation: ..

Is a Turing test for intelligence equivalent to a Turing test for consciousness?

Christof Koch, Allen Institute for Brain Research Abstract: Rapid advances in convolutional networks and other machine learning techniques, in combination with ...

Ashish Sabharwal (AI2): Semi-Structured Reasoning for Answering Science Questions

Artificial intelligence and machine learning communities have made tremendous strides in the last decade. Yet, the best systems to date still struggle with routine ...

All Hands on Deck - Day 2

Chapter 1 0:04 Welcome - Joi Ito, MIT Media Lab Chapter 2 14:03 - Keynote Address - Nainoa Thompson, Polynesian Voyaging Society Chapter 3 52:40 ...

Stephen Hawking discusses the origin of the universe, UC Berkeley, 2007

Stephen Hawking, "Strictly Speaking". The J. Robert Oppenheimer Lecture at UC Berkeley, March 13, 2007 Introductions: Chancellor Robert J Birgeneau, Mark ...

Are You Ready For This? - The 5th Interview of Dr. Jamisson Neruda - Wingmakers

The Fifth Interview of Dr. Jamisson Neruda exposes a fundamental deception that affects humanity across every dimension of life. This deception is that our ...