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Paul Allen

Paul Gardner Allen (January 21, 1953 – October 15, 2018) was an American business magnate, researcher, investor, and philanthropist.

He is best known for co-founding Microsoft Corporation alongside Bill Gates in 1975, which helped spark the microcomputer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s and later became the world's largest personal computer software company.[2]

Allen was ranked as the 44th-wealthiest person in the world by Forbes in 2018, and had an estimated net worth of $20.3 billion at the time of his death.[3][4][5]

He had a multibillion-dollar investment portfolio including technology and media companies, scientific research, real estate holdings, private spaceflight ventures, and stakes in other sectors.

He gave more than $2 billion to causes such as education, wildlife and environmental conservation, the arts, healthcare, community services, and more.[15]

As a result of being banned, Gates and Allen, along with Ric Weiland and Gate's childhood best friend Kent Evans, formed Lakeside Programing Club to find bugs in Computer Center Corporation's software in exchange for extra computer time.

In 1975, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Allen and Gates formed Microsoft and began marketing a BASIC programming language interpreter, with their first employee being high school friend and collaborator Ric Weiland.[29][20]

In 1980, after Microsoft had committed to deliver IBM a disk operating system (DOS) for the original IBM PC, although they had not yet developed one, Allen spearheaded a deal for Microsoft to purchase QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System), written by Tim Paterson, who, at the time, was employed at Seattle Computer Products.[31][32]

Allen effectively left Microsoft in 1982 after receiving a Hodgkin's lymphoma diagnosis, though remained on the board of directors as vice chairman.[20][33]

In 1983, Gates tried to buy Allen out at $5 per share but Allen refused and left the company with his shares intact.

Allen confirmed that he was the sole investor behind aerospace engineer and entrepreneur Burt Rutan's SpaceShipOne suborbital commercial spacecraft on October 4, 2004.[56]

SpaceShipOne climbed to an altitude of 377,591 feet (115,090 m) over the Mojave Air and Space Port and was the first privately funded effort to successfully put a civilian in suborbital space.

The Stratolaunch is a proposed orbital launch system consisting of a dual-bodied, 6-engine jet aircraft, capable of carrying a rocket to high altitude;

Stratolaunch, which is partnering with Orbital ATK and Scaled Composites, is intended to launch in inclement weather, fly without worrying about the availability of launch pads and to operate from different locations.

that plans and executes projects to shift how the world conceptualizes space travel through cost reduction and on-demand access.[60]

On April 13, 2019, the Stratolaunch aircraft made its maiden flight, reaching 15,000 ft (4,600 m) and 165 kn (305 km/h) in a 2 h 29 min flight.[61][62]

Stratolaunch CEO Jean Floyd offered this comment: 'We dedicate this day to the man who inspired us all to strive for ways to empower the world's problem-solvers, Paul Allen.

division offers development and portfolio management services, and is known for the redevelopment of the South Lake Union neighborhood immediately north of downtown Seattle.[66]

Vulcan has developed 6.3 million square feet (590,000 m2) of new residential, office, retail and biotechnology research space, and has a total development capacity of 10,000,000 sq ft (930,000 m2).

In 2012, The Wall Street Journal called Allen's South Lake Union investment 'unexpectedly lucrative' and one that led to his firm selling a 1,800,000-square-foot (170,000 m2) office complex to for US$1.16 billion, one of the most expensive office deals ever in Seattle.[68]

Herman Sarkowsky, a former Seahawks minority owner, told The Seattle Times about Allen's decision to buy the team, 'I'm not sure anybody else in this community would have done what [Allen] did.'[82]

Allen gave more than $2 billion towards the advancement of science, technology, education, wildlife conservation, the arts, and community services in his lifetime.[15]

The institute is investigating and creating a virtual model of cells in the hope of bringing forth treatment of different diseases.[114]

Allen launched the Allen Distinguished Investigators Awards (ADI) in 2010 to support scientists pursuing early-stage research projects who often have difficulty securing funding from traditional sources.[118]

He began supporting the University of British Columbia's Sea Around Us Project in 2014 to improve data on global fisheries as a way to fight illegal fishing.

Allen funded the Global FinPrint initiative, launched in July 2015, a three-year survey of sharks and rays in coral reef areas.

Allen backed Washington state initiative 1401 to prohibit the purchase, sale and distribution of products made from 10 endangered species including elephants, rhinos, lions, tigers, leopards, cheetahs, marine turtles, pangolins, sharks and rays.

Created in 2015 with the USDOT's $40 million commitment as well as $10 million from Allen's Vulcan Inc., the challenge aims to create a first-of-its-kind modern city that will demonstrate how cities can improve quality of life while lowering greenhouse gas emissions.[128]

As a founding member of the International SeaKeepers Society, Allen hosted its proprietary SeaKeeper 1000TM oceanographic and atmospheric monitoring system on all three of his megayachts.[130]

Allen funded the building of microgrids, which are small-scale power grids that can operate independently, in Kenya to help promote reusable energy and empower its businesses and residents.[131]

He was an early investor in the Mawingu Networks, a wireless and solar-powered Internet provider which aims to connect rural Africa with the world, and Off Grid Electric, a company focused on providing solar energy to people in emerging nations.[132]

The summit aimed to share key learnings and reinforce the need for continued action and support to bring the number of Ebola cases down to zero, which was achieved in January 2016.[135]

Allen Family Foundation announced it would award seven new grants totaling $11 million to prevent future widespread outbreaks of the virus.[136]

In 2012, along with his research team and the Royal Navy, Allen attempted to retrieve the bell from HMS Hood, which sank in the Denmark Strait during World War II, but the attempt failed due to poor weather.

In 2013, Allen sold Barnett Newman's Onement VI (1953) at Sotheby's in New York for $43.8 million which at the time was the record price to have been paid for a work by the abstract artist.[150][151]

Octopus is a member of AMVER, a voluntary group ship reporting system used worldwide by authorities to arrange assistance for those in distress at sea.[176]

Likewise, the cancer was successfully treated until it returned in 2018, which ultimately caused his death by septic shock on October 15, 2018.[183][184]

Following his death, Allen's sister Jody Allen was named executor and trustee of all of Paul Allen's estate, pursuant to his instructions, giving her responsibility for overseeing the execution of his will and settling his affairs with tax authorities and parties with an interest in his projects.[188]

He was also honored by his early business partner and lifelong friend Bill Gates, who said in a statement: Paul loved life and those around him, and we all cherished him in return.

Allen received numerous awards in many different areas, including sports, philanthropy, and the arts: In 2011, Allen's memoir, Idea Man: A Memoir by the Cofounder of Microsoft, was published by Portfolio, a Penguin Group imprint.

The book recounts how Allen became enamored with computers at an early age, conceived the idea for Microsoft, recruited his friend Bill Gates to join him, and launched what would become the world's most successful software company.

It also explores Allen's business and creative ventures following his 1983 departure from Microsoft, including his involvement in SpaceShipOne, his purchase of the Portland Trailblazers and Seattle Seahawks, his passion for music, and his ongoing support for scientific research.

Now AI can pass school exams

Now instead of just searching through text to lookup an answer, Aristo had a massive map that knows everything about Regens and how words appear together.

In Figure 2, if we learned that “a group of tissues” often appears close to “organ”, we can take a good guess that it answers the question without understanding the logic behind organs or tissues.

Although this technology is incomparable to the reasoning ability of humans, it could be spread to a whole new generation of products and services for businesses to automate some of their routine tasks.

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