AI News, Anant Madabhushi on Twitter: "We can't trust AI systems built on ... artificial intelligence

‘Deep learning’ computational-imaging system correctly predicted with a 97% accuracy which patients were already showing evidence of pending heart failure, compared to two pathologists who were correct 74% and 73% respectively.

That's why I don't mind when my doc uses google and we look through possible answers for symptoms together: He's human, I'm human, and double checking instead of relying on an ego of "I'm always right"

Machine learning like this, is a way to save more lives where human error and misses can be easily reduced.

Update: Apparently human knowledge of medicine doubles at a rate of every few months or so, and that rate is continuing to increase.

During the Fire Power Display, various simulated enemy targets on ground and in air were targeted and destroyed employing a variety of missiles, precision guided munitions, unguided bombs and rockets by various fighter aircraft of Indian Air Force.

Of special note were the precision strikes to destroy Transporter Erector Launchers of enemy surface-to-surface missiles and the swing role capability of the indigenously built Tejas aircraft demonstrated through destruction

The satellite with a mission life of 15 years will provide continuity to operational services on some of the in-orbit satellites and augment the Ku-band transponder capacity in Geostationary Orbit Weighing

GSAT-31 will be used for supporting VSAT networks, television uplinks, digital satellite news gathering, DTH television services, cellular back haul connectivity and many such applications. Weighing

GSAT-31 will be used for supporting VSAT networks, television uplinks, digital satellite news gathering, DTH television services, cellular back haul connectivity and many such applications. The

satellite will also provide wide beam coverage to facilitate communication over large oceanic region comprising large part of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean using wide band transponder, ISRO said.

New Delhi, Jan 22: New Delhi: As India gears up for the Lok Sabha elections, Google on Tuesday announced an updated election ads policy that will provide comprehensive information about who is purchasing them on Google platforms and how much money is being spent. The

updated election ads policy will require advertisers to provide a 'pre-certificate' issued by the Election Commision of India (ECI) or anyone authorised by the ECI, for each ad they wish to run.

New Delhi, Feb 21: मेट्रो का स्मार्ट कार्ड इस्तेमाल करने वाले यात्री अब फीडर बसों में किराये तथा पार्किंग शुल्क के भुगतान में भी इसका इस्तेमाल कर सकेंगे। दरअसल, यात्रियों को उनके घर तक कनेक्टिविटी की सुविधा देने के प्रयासों में लगी दिल्ली मेट्रो ने अपनी फीडर बसों और कुछ पार्किंग लॉट को कॉमन मोबिलिटी कार्ड से जोड़ दिया है। दिल्ली मेट्रो के प्रवक्ता के अनुसार, इस समय मेट्रो नेटवर्क की अलग-अलग लाइनों पर 40 से अधिक रूटों की 200 फीडर बसें चलती हैं। लगभग दो लाख लोग हर दिन मेट्रो फीडर बस सेवाओं का इस्तेमाल करते हैं। नई व्यवस्था के तहत यात्री अब 13 स्टेशनों विश्वविद्यालय, साकेत, कड़कड़डूमा, दिलशाद गार्डन, अक्षरधाम, पटेल चौक, कश्मीरी गेट, रोहिणी सेक्टर (18, 19), शास्त्री पार्क, एनएचपीसी चौक, मेवला महाराजपुर, ओल्ड फरीदाबाद और सेक्टर 28 पर पार्किंग शुल्क का इस्तेमाल भी कॉमन मोबिलिटी कार्ड के जरिये कर सकते हैं। इस सेवा को आने वाले समय में सभी पार्किंग लॉट में बढ़ाया जाएगा। डीएमआरसी

ने हैंड हैल्ड टर्मिनल (एचएचटी) में सॉफ्टवेयर को भी अपडेट किया है। इस डिवाइस का उपयोग फीडर बसों में कार्ड को रीड करने और राशि लेने के लिए किया जाता है। इस नए सॉफ्टवेयर से फीडर बसों में टिकट की प्रक्रिया सरल बनाई जाएगी और इससे टिकट लेने देने का समय भी बचेगा। फीडर बसों के लिए न्यूनतम और अधिकतम किराया क्रमश: 5 और 15 रुपए हैं।

The astronauts will be working on the space station's robotic arm and will replace one of two redundant latching end effectors (LEE) on Canadarm2 (the station’s robotic arm), which has experienced some degradation of its snaring cables.

this, coconut filings are planted in them .Teacher Mohan Jogi roof displays this new method in detaill.The plastic pipes contain water circuits attached to a motor and there is a plastic container of 2 hundred liters.

from cultivation without soil, fruits that grow in low lying areas can also be planted by this method.To keep these plants alive, only water is needed.

New Delhi Jan 9: Late last month, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced its first mission of 2018 – the launch of 31 satellites, including earth observation spacecraft Cartosat on January 10.

The study showed that fungi played a critical part in establishing a breathable atmosphere on Earth by “mining” the nutrient phosphorus from rocks and transferring it to plants to power photosynthesis.

The amount of phosphorus transferred could have been very large under the ancient atmospheric conditions, but fungi had the power to dramatically alter the ancient atmosphere, the researchers said. “The

“The nature of the relationship between fungi and plants could have transformed the atmospheric carbon dioxide, oxygen and ultimately global climate in very different ways, depending on the type of fungi present,” added Sarah Batterman, from the varsity’s School of Geography. For

the study, detailed in the journal Philosophical Transactions B, the team used a computer model to carry out experiments where plants and fungi were grown in atmosphere resembling the ancient Earth — during which plants did not have roots and were non-vascular, meaning they could not hold water or move it around their system.

china Dec 18: Advanced technologies have made the newly-constructed subway Yanfang (YF) line smart, which had a trial run without passengers in the Fangshan District of Beijing on Friday.The YF line is China's first completely-automatic subway with the Chinese-owned proprietary intellectual property rights.On this automatic subway line, 'drivers' on the trains do not need to operate the devices;

fact, the real drivers are the operators at the control center of the subway.'The unmanned driving technology will largely cut the time used for operation, shortening it by 15 seconds for each station covered,' said Lyu Aiguo, program manager of the signaling system of the YF subway line.Inside the trains, all the systems, including signaling, telecommunication, monitoring, air-conditioning and lighting were produced in China.

from other subways, there are three-on-one backups to guarantee the proper operation of the YF line's central control system, and the other devices inside the trains also have one-on-one backup.

That is to say, if one device breaks down, the train can still move safely,' said Lyu.When the subway line stops operation at night, the automatic cleaning and charging systems will start working.

The trains then leave the parking lot and run automatically the next day.The YF subway line will officially start its operation by the end of December.The YF line, totaling 14.4 kilometers in length, has nine stations.

US Dec 12: US scientists have developed a novel recorder similar in concept to a black box on an airplane that can be used to objectively measure surgeons' proficiency in robotic-assisted prostate cancer surgery.

The findings published in The Journal of Urology showed that novice and expert surgeons could be identified by measuring time to complete operative steps, distance of instrument and camera travel and frequency of camera movements.

It has recommended prohibiting Internet service providers from making any discrimination in traffic while providing web access, by either blocking or throttling some apps, websites and services or by offering 'fast lanes' to others. If

the proposals are accepted, the Internet service providers will not be able to block or throttle any web traffic, be it on computers, laptops or mobile phones, and offer fast lanes for content providers who pay for the privilege. Trai's

The regulator has cautioned that discriminatory treatment would include any form of restriction or interference ,including practices like blocking, degrading, slowing down or granting preferential speeds.

Issuing the recommendations on Net neutrality, TRAI has also suggested a multi-stakeholder body comprising telecom and Internet service providers, content providers, civil society organisation and consumer representatives for monitoring and investigation of violations.

New Zealand Nov 27: Scientists have developed the world's first artificial intelligence politician, that can answer a person's queries regarding local issues such as policies around housing, education and immigration.

US Nov 21: Dark features previously proposed as evidence for significant liquid water flowing on Mars, have now been identified as granular flows, according to a new article.

appearance and growth of these features resemble seeping liquid water, but how they form remains unclear, and this research demonstrated that the RSL flows seen by HiRISE are likely moving granular material like sand and dust.

New Delhi Nov 14: The second phase of BharatNet project with an outlay of Rs 31,000 crore and a mandate to provide high-speed broadband to all panchayats by March 2019 got off the block.

The assessment builds upon the Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation that was signed in May this year by the foreign ministers of the eight Arctic States, including the US and Russia, despite deteriorating relations between the two countries, according to researchers at Tufts University in the US. The

agreement, also known as the Arctic Science Agreement, minimises the risks that short-term domestic policy shifts will impact relations within the Arctic by cementing a consensus among the countries that will last beyond political cycles, said Paul Arthur Berkman, professor at Tufts. He

noted that the agreement enhances the stability of research platforms across nations to interpret and disseminate previously inaccessible data, and will generate continuous data to interpret marine, terrestrial, atmospheric, and human-centred changes. In

respond to security issues that involve the risks of political, economic, and cultural instabilities,' said Berkman, lead author of the study published in the journal Science.

'In a global context, unlike any time in human history, there also is urgency to address issues, impacts, and resources involving present and future generations, recognising that children born today will be living in the 22nd century,' he said.

US Nov 1: NASA's numerous probes have given the world a lot to think where space is concerned and each mission sent to outer space has also treated us with never seen before images of the entities that exist in the massive world.

With advancing technology, NASA has upgraded the cameras on various spacecrafts as they were sent for their respective destinations and they have delivered data fit for scientists to glean some of the most insightful information from them. When

According to NASA, their Mars 2020 mission will have more 'eyes' than any rover before it: a grand total of 23, to create sweeping panoramas, reveal obstacles, study the atmosphere, and assist science instruments.

stereoscopic cameras can support more 3-D images, which are ideal for examining geologic features and scouting potential samples from long distances away.

plans to use existing spacecraft already in orbit at Mars – the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, MAVEN, and the European Space Agency’s Trace Gas Orbiter – as relays for the Mars 2020 mission, which will support the cameras during the rover's first two years.

a press conferance in Bangalore on Monday ISRO chairman Kiran Kumar said chandrayan- 2, will navigate across the moon collecting various rock and soil samples that will be analysed .

It will help map specific parts of Lunar surface and study of the atmosphere.Chandrayan 2 will also land a robotic rover on the surface of the moon.Besides this ISRO will launch 28 commercial satellites for its customers, along with another satellite from the CartoSat-2 series satellites in the second half of December this year .

These nebulae shine because of hot young stars that are bright in the ultraviolet.This was one of the first objects chosen to be imaged by the Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) on board AstroSat, in order to test its ability to resolve complex structure. The

superior resolving power, along with its large field of view, make UVIT an excellent instrument for investigating star formation in large galaxies like NGC 2336.

New Delhi Oct 30: The level of emissions from fireworks fell by around 40 per cent during Diwali festivities in Delhi this time as compared to 2016, according to the findings of a study which assume importance in the light of a region-wide ban on the sale of firecrackers by the Supreme Court.

SAFAR, a central government air quality monitoring agency, based its findings on a detailed study of air quality, sources of emissions and meteorological conditions which prevailed in the national capital during this period. As

The amount of PM2.5, an ultrafine particulate measuring less than 20 times the width of a human hair, recorded by SAFAR during the period went like this: October 18 - 136, October 19 - 174, October 20 - 407, October 21 - 203 and October 22 - 139 micrograms per cubic metre (ug/m3). The

said that 'incredible' amount of fireworks, despite the relative reduction, on Diwali night led to trapping of smoke in the air and a rapid build-up of pollutants, especially between midnight and 4 am on October 20, aided by a fall in temperature and lowering of mixing height (where air and suspended particulates mix). 'Emissions

said the post-Diwali air had also been good as compared to last year as the smoke from stubble burning regions in Punjab and Haryana had not reached Delhi because of the wind direction, which was not the case last year resulting in the worst smog episode that the city witnessed in nearly two decades.

study factored in the observed meteorological data including wind speed, wind direction, satellite estimate of stubble burning emissions among other factors, it said.

Gujrat Oct 27: A study led by a group of researchers from KSKV Kutch University has discovered a near-completely fossilised skeleton of the Jurassic-era ichthyosaur, a type of marine reptile or 'fish lizard' in Greek.

presence of ophthalmosauridae ichthyosaurs in the Upper Jurassic of India, Madagascar and South America implies that a marine seaway possibly connected the western Tethys with South America via the Indian Ocean in the Late Jurassic facilitating faunal exchanges between Europe and Gondwanan continents,' the study added further. The

5.5-metre-long skeleton seems to be a member of Ophthalmosauridae family which lived between 165 million years and 90 million years ago, the study showed, published in PLOS ONE journal.

The study failed to identify the specimen of the same due to hard coating on it, though the authors are still in search of new more information in remote areas of Kuch district of Gujarat.

US Oct 25: Scientists have developed a new artificial intelligence system that can decode the human mind, and interpret what a person is seeing by analysing brain scans.

'This is the first time such an approach has been used to see how the brain processes movies of natural scenes - a step toward decoding the brain while people are trying to make sense of complex and dynamic visual surroundings,' said Haiguang Wen, a doctoral student at Purdue University.

US Oct 23: Two NASA astronauts have successfully completed a spacewalk to install a new camera system outside the International Space Station (ISS), replacing a blown fuse and installing a new high definition camera on the starboard truss of the station.

During the spacewalk, which lasted six hours and 49 minutes, the duo of Randy Bresnik, Expedition 53 Commander and Joe Acaba, Flight Engineer at NASA worked quickly and were able to complete several 'get ahead' tasks, Melanie Whiting from NASA wrote in a blog post.

installed a new radiator grapple bar and completed prep work for one of two spare pump modules on separate stowage platforms to enable easier access for potential robotic replacement tasks in the future.

This was the fifth spacewalk of Bresnik's career - 32 hours total spacewalking - and the third for Acaba - 19 hours and 46 minutes total spacewalking.

US Oct 17: Scientists in the United States and Europe have for the first time detected gravitational waves, the ripples in space and time predicted by Albert Einstein, at the same time as light from the same cosmic event, according to research published on Monday.

this case, the 'audio soundtrack' comes from the chirp of the neutron stars as they are inspiraling - as they are orbiting together and colliding - and the 'video' is basically the light that we see after the collision,' Reitze said.

Six known objects in the distant Kuiper Belt, a region of icy bodies stretching from Neptune outward towards interstellar space, all have elliptical orbits pointing in the same direction, researchers said.

The items are thought to have belonged to Bronze Age hunters or animal herders who took shelter beneath a large rock near the top of the pass around 4,000 years ago, said Regula Gubler, an archaeologist for the Canton of Bern government. The

US Oct 6: In a breakthrough, scientists have developed a new nanomaterial that uses solar energy to generate hydrogen from seawater, producing the low cost and clean-burning fuel more efficiently than existing materials.

The advance may lead to a new source of hydrogen fuel, ease demand for fossil fuels and boost the economy of countries where sunshine and seawater are abundant. It

The social network says it will now try out a longer limit of 280 characters in select languages including English in order to allow people to share their expanded thoughts without running out of room to tweet. The

The images of 288P, which is located in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, revealed that it was actually not a single object, but two asteroids of almost the same mass and size, orbiting each other at a distance of about 100 km.

Within weeks after the landing, InSight will use a robotic arm to place its two main instruments directly and permanently onto the Martian ground, an unprecedented set of activities on Mars, according to NASA.

Its restaurants were packed and downtown parking was at a premium as excited locals and tourists possessors of the prized solar glasses that make eclipse-viewing safe strolled cheerfully along the seafront Battery promenade. Weather

predictions for Monday were iffy with clouds and scattered thunderstorms predicted through the hours when the eclipse is due, from the moment when the moon first obscures a small arc of the sun, to totality, and through the end of the whole cosmic viewing experience. For

Bengaluru, Aug 13: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is all set to develop a new set of future satellites called hyperspectral imaging satellites is set to add teeth to the way India is gleaned from about 600 km in space.

The space organisation said that it is trying to enter the field of operational hyper-spectral imaging from earth orbit' with a satellite that can see in 55 spectral or colour bands from 630 km above the ground. The

The Hyspex is a new dimension to plain-vanilla optical images, it can be used for an array of activities from monitoring the crops, environment, looking for minerals and oil, as well as even for the military surveillance, all of which need visuals that show a high level of differentiation of the scene or object.

New Delhi, Aug 11: Telecom regulator TRAI is studying the issue of protection of privacy and ownership when an individual needs to share personal information while downloading and using an app.

You may often find it frustrating that to use a popular app, you are required to allow the app maker access to a host of personal data such as your location, contacts list and pictures.

The regulator also wants to find out whether personal data that mobile subscribers share while using popular apps, is effectively protected and not exploited or monetized.

a consultation paper, 'Privacy, Security and Ownership of the Data in the Telecom Sector', the regulator has raised a series of questions on how privacy of data should be protected and whether there should be a closer scrutiny of the manner in which data is exploited by companies and other agencies through monetization as well as segregation of user data.

'While recognizing the vast business and efficiency potential of data analytics, it is also vital to assess whether the data protection rights of individuals are being adequately protected in this changing environment.

Data protection in this context can be broadly understood to mean the ability of individuals to understand and control the manner in which information pertaining to them can be accessed and used by others,' the consultation paper says. On

'The permission granted by the user to allow access to these various categories of information is often given under circumstances where the user does not fully understand the implication of granting the consent.

Moreover, the one-sided nature of these arrangements with an uneven bargaining power between the provider and the user implies that the user often does not have an effective choice in the matter --the app may not available for use without authorising those permissions,' the consultation paper added.

US, Aug 9: There may be as many as 100 million black holes in the Milky Way galaxy, according to scientists, who conducted a cosmic survey to calculate and categorise the enigmatic, dark objects.

The celestial census began more than a year and a half ago, shortly after the news that the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) had detected ripples in the space-time continuum created by the distant collision of two black holes, each the size of 30 suns. 'Fundamentally,

Scientists, including one of Indian origin, assume most stellar-remnant black holes - which result from the collapse of massive stars at the end of their lives - will be about the same mass as our Sun.

J&K, Aug 8: A summer 'vortex' of cold air over the Karakoram, a large mountain range spanning the borders of India, Pakistan and China, is causing the glaciers in the region to grow in spite of global warming, scientists say. Researchers

In winter, the vortex affects the temperature over the whole 2,000 kilometre mountain range, but in the summer the vortex contracts and has an effect only over the Karakoram and western Pamir, a mountain range in Central Asia. This

According to a press statement on NASA’s website earlier this week, the target of all this attention is asteroid 2012 TC4 — a small asteroid estimated to be between 10 and 30 metres in size. Asteroid

is a team effort that involves more than a dozen observatories, universities and labs across the globe so we can collectively learn the strengths and limitations of our near-Earth object observation capabilities,” said Reddy, Professor at the University of Arizona. Scientists

Minister of State in the department of space, Dr. Jitendra Singh told the Lok Sabha that in the first half of this year itself, the premier space agency had successfully launched 130 foreign satellites, more than any other country in the world.

They are a chain of galaxies and galaxy clusters, bound by gravity, often stretching to several hundred times the size of clusters of galaxies, consisting of tens of thousands of galaxies,' the IUCAA said in a statement. Sankhyayan

Bagchi from IUCAA, the lead author of the paper in the journal, and co-author Sankhyayan said they were 'astonished to spot this giant wall-like supercluster of galaxies', visible in a large spectroscopic survey of distant galaxies, known as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

Antarctic, Jul 7: A huge crack in the Antarctic ice shelf - poised to produce one of the largest icebergs at the South Pole - is growing faster than ever, with the rift tip now within five kilometres of breaking all the way through, scientists say. The

information from CryoSat, we have mapped the elevation of the ice above the ocean and worked out that the eventual iceberg will be about 190 metres thick and contain about 1,155 cubic kilometres of ice,' said Noel Gourmelen from the University of Edinburgh in the UK.

Australia, Jul 5: The mass coral bleaching that devastated Australia's iconic Great Barrier Reef last year was caused by a 'perfect storm' of factors produced by unprecedented oceanographic conditions, scientists say.

New Delhi, Jun 21: India on Friday will launch its Earth observation satellite Cartosat-2 series weighing 712 kg and 30 co-passenger satellites (29 foreign, one Indian) with its rocket Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), the Indian space agency said.

US, Jun 1: NASA is set to launch the world's first mission to the Sun next year, that will explore our star's atmosphere and answer questions about solar physics that have puzzled scientists for over six decades.

The spacecraft, about the size of a small car, is loaded with technological breakthroughs that will solve many of the largest mysteries about our star, including finding out why the Sun's corona is so much hotter than its surface.

Parker Solar Probe will travel through the Sun's atmosphere, closer to the surface than any spacecraft before it, facing brutal heat and radiation conditions - and ultimately providing humanity with the closest-ever observations of a star, NASA said.

He called this cascade of energy the solar wind, and he described an entire complex system of plasmas, magnetic fields and energetic particles that make up this phenomenon.

New Delhi, May 3: The Telecom Department on Tuesday launched a portal that will allow people to track radiation emitted from mobile towers within a locality and check their compliance with the stipulated norms.

He said the portal will empower consumers to know, at the click of the mouse, about the towers working in a particular area and whether they are compliant to the Electromagnetic field (EMF) emission norms defined by the government.

US, Apr 26: NASA's Cassini spacecraft has completed its last close flyby of Saturn's hazy moon Titan and is beginning its final set of 22 orbits before the probe plunges into the ringed planet to bring an end to its 20- year-long journey.

Cassini's radar team will be looking this week at the final set of new images of the hydrocarbon seas and lakes that spread across Titan's north polar region.

radar team also plans to use the new data to probe the depths and compositions of some of Titan's small lakes for the first time and look for further evidence of the evolving feature researchers have dubbed the 'magic island.'

'Cassini's up-close exploration of Titan is now behind us, but the rich volume of data the spacecraft has collected will fuel scientific study for decades to come,' said Linda Spilker, the mission's project scientist at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in the US. The

As the spacecraft passed over Titan, the moon's gravity bent its path, reshaping the robotic probe's orbit slightly so that instead of passing just outside Saturn's main rings, Cassini will begin a series of 22 dives between the rings and the planet on April 26. The

The L & S band microwave data obtained from this satellite will be useful for variety of application, which include natural resources mapping & monitoring;

However, the data acquired from this mission will be useful in developing certain applications, which include - (i) identifying crevasses in the glaciers hidden by fresh snow, where human movement takes place, (ii) identifying the snowpack parameters as an input in Avalanche forecasts, (iii) studying Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) hazards, (iv) identifying inundated area due to floods/ cyclones.

Netherlands, Mar 27: Scientists have developed a new wireless internet based on harmless infrared rays that is 100 times faster than existing wi-fi network and has the capacity to support more devices without getting congested.

wireless network developed by researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology in The Netherlands not only has a huge capacity - more than 40 Gigabits per second (Gbit/s) - but also there is no need to share since every device gets its own ray of light.

The wireless data comes from a few central 'light antennas', for instance mounted on the ceiling, which are able to very precisely direct the rays of light supplied by an optical fibre. The

Even if you have the very best wi-fi system available, you would not get more than 300 Megabit/s in total, which is some hundred times less than the speed per ray of light achieved by the new system. The

US, Mar 21: The last volcanic activity on Mars ceased about 50 million years ago, around the time when large number of Earth's plant and animal species, including dinosaurs, went extinct, according to a new NASA study.

'We estimate that the peak activity for the volcanic field at the summit of Arsia Mons probably occurred approximately 150 million years ago - the late Jurassic period on Earth and then died out around the same time as Earth's dinosaurs,' said Jacob Richardson of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Centre in Greenbelt in the US.

They also performed a technique called crater counting - tallying up the number of craters at least 100 meters in diameter - to estimate the ages of the flows.

Canada, Feb 25: Photographers, poachers and eco-tour operators are in the crosshairs of a Canadian conservationist who warns that tracking tags are being hacked and misused to harass and hunt endangered animals.

The research paper cites the example of anglers in the US state of Minnesota who petitioned for access to data on northern pike movements, arguing that it should be publicly available because the research was publicly funded.

Australian authorities have used tags to locate and cull sharks while in India, attempts were made to hack the global positioning system (GPS) collars on endangered Bengal tigers in a case of 'cyber poaching.'

It was then that he learned that the park authority had imposed a public ban on VHF radio receivers after photographers used telemetry to track tagged animals.

Chile, Feb 24: Astronomers have found a nearby solar system with seven Earth-sized planets, three of which circle their parent star at the right distance for liquid surface water, raising the prospect of life, research published on Wednesday showed. The

Stating that prior to stage development hot tests, three CE20 engines were realised and two engines were subjected to qualification tests in sea level conditions, ISRO said, this included 800 seconds duration hot test and the third engine identified for flight was tested in high altitude conditions for a duration of 25 seconds.

According to ISRO, development of a cryogenic stage has unique design challenges, with liquid Hydrogen stored at -253 deg C and liquid Oxygen stored at -195 deg C in its tanks.

first stage was subjected to fluid mock-up, wherein the stage preparation and servicing at launch complex in SDSC, SHAR, Shriharikota was completed to prove all the ground facilities established for servicing the cryogenic stage.

The performance of the Stage during the hot test was as predicted, ISRO said, adding, successful hot test for flight duration qualifies the design of the stage and 'robustness of the facilities conceived and established towards its development.'

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, in its 39th flight (PSLV-C37), will launch the 714 kg Cartosat-2 series satellite for earth observation along with 103 co-passenger satellites, together weighing about 664 kg at lift off. It

California, Feb 2: The Texas jury made the award yesterday in a trial in which Oculus was accused of basing its Rift headset on technology stolen from ZeniMax's virtual reality software, court documents showed.

Maryland-based ZeniMax said it was 'pleased' about the award for 'unlawful infringement of our copyrights and trademarks, and for the violation of our non-disclosure agreement with Oculus pursuant to which we shared breakthrough VR technology that we had developed and that we exclusively own.'

The ZeniMax statement added that 'we will consider what further steps we need to take to ensure there will be no ongoing use of our misappropriated technology, including by seeking an injunction to restrain Oculus and Facebook from their ongoing use of computer code that the jury found infringed ZeniMax's's copyrights.'

With increasing interest in formula 1 racing in the country the initiative taken by these bright young minds seems to be totally in tune with the times not just within the country but beyond as well.

Sweden, Jan 25: Researchers have discovered minerals from 43 rare meteorites that landed on the Earth 470 million years ago, which challenge our understanding of the history and development of the solar system.

discovery led to the hypothesis that the flow of meteorites may have been completely different 470 million years ago compared to today, as meteorites with such a composition no longer fall on Earth.

far we have always assumed that the solar system is stable, and have therefore expected that the same type of meteorites have fallen on Earth throughout the history of the solar system, but we have now realised that this is not the case,' he said. Schmitz

In the search for the mineral grains (chromium oxides) that fell on Earth together with the meteorites, the researchers used different acids to dissolve several tonnes of sediment from the ancient seabed.

The correction in the trajectory of Mangalyaan was required to keep the power supply strong during the eclipse - caused by shadow of Mars falling on it for 7-8 hours - so that it could continue to function longer, as Mangalyaan's battery cannot support long-duration eclipse.

Its author, Xiao Nan, took only a second to finish writing the piece and is able to write both short stories and longer reports, according to Wan Xiaojun, a professor at Peking University who leads the team studying and developing such robots. 'When

present, robots are unable to conduct face-to-face interviews, cannot respond intuitively with follow-up questions and do not have the ability to select the news angle from an interview or conversation, Xiaojun said.

'Even at the age of 82, Gene was passionate about sharing his desire to see the continued human exploration of space and encouraged our nation's leaders and young people to not let him remain the last man to walk on the Moon,' his family said in a statement released by NASA.

On December 14, 1972, he became the last of only a dozen men to walk on the moon and he traced his only child's initials in the dust before climbing the ladder of the lunar module the last time.

This start-up put forward TeamIndus, the only Indian team competing for the Google Lunar XPRIZE, a global competition for engineers and entrepreneurs to develop low-cost methods of robotic space exploration.

USD 20 million will be granted to the first private company that successfully lands a module on the Moon, places a robot that explores at least 500 metres and transmits high-definition videos and images back to Earth.

Singapore, Dec 29: Scientists are developing better ways to prevent everyday radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology used in passports, credit cards and mobile transactions from being hacked.

The technology, which allows fast, automated identification of physical objects, is also a staple for many industries - factories and warehouses use it to track inventory and manage supply chains, pharmaceutical companies deploy it to track drugs, and courier services use it to tag deliveries.

Since RFID tags work by broadcasting information to electronic RFID readers, security breaches can occur if hackers eavesdrop on this conversation, and manage to gain access to or tamper with information.

These strategies include making the protocol's output unpredictable, making two tags indistinguishable to the hacker, and preventing hackers from obtaining useful information even if they manage to interact with the tags.

New Delhi, Dec 10: The government is holding a state information ministers conference SIMCON after a gap of seven years in a bid to discuss key policy issues in the films & broadcasting sector and new initiatives undertaken in the information domain.

The govt hopes to strengthen its outreach and contact with masses as well as effectively impart information about the welfare schemes that it has undertaken via this new policy.

Denmark, Oct 27: Scientists have designed a wearable lower-limb robot exoskeleton that features natural knee movement to help stroke and spinal cord injury patients regain ability to walk and strengthen their muscles.

Now, researchers from Beihang University in China and Aalborg University in Denmark have designed a lower-limb robot exoskeleton - a wearable robot - that features natural knee movement to greatly improve patients' comfort and willingness to wear it for gait rehab. The

robotic exoskeleton is intended to help stroke patients strengthen their physical fitness, aid the rehabilitation training of paralysed patients, or to assist those who need help performing daily activities.

Although the system is currently only being trialled on pedestrianised streets at speeds of around five miles per hour, self-driving cars on British roads 'are not that far away', he added.

Toyota's non-automotive venture aims to tap a demographic trend that has put Japan at the forefront of aging among the world's industrial nations, resulting in a population contraction unprecedented for a country not at war, or racked by famine or disease. 'He

Mini' joins a growing list of companion robots, such as the upcoming Jibo, designed by robotics experts at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that resembles a swivelling lamp, and Paro, a robot baby seal marketed by Japanese company Intelligent System Co Ltd as a therapeutic machine to soothe elderly dementia sufferers.

New technology to help them better interact with humans means robots have begun moving beyond factory floors into homes, offices, shops and hospitals.

The 10 selected Indian startups will get a full funded trip to Japan, along with an exhibition booth at CEATEC where they can display their products to potential investors/ partners, enterprises and customers.

CEATEC aims to bring global recognition and changing the perception towards transforming technology in India and also signifies growing Japan-India cooperation in the field of emerging technologies.

Oz, Oct 2: Physicists have brought quantum computers - which could solve problems too complex for today's most advanced machines - a step closer to reality by successfully stopping light in a new experiment.

He said quantum computers based on particles of light - photons - could connect easily with communication technology such as optic fibres and have potential applications in fields such as medicine, defence, telecommunications and financial services.

The research team's experiment - which created a light trap by shining infrared lasers into ultra-cold atomic vapour - was inspired by Everett's discovery of the potential to stop light in a computer simulation.

US, Sep 29: NASA scientists have developed a set of five instruments that can take surface measurements on Mars to help understand weather conditions on the red planet as well as search for potentially habitable environments.

'The interesting feature about the microscope, is that the electronics architecture can support a camera lens or hyperspectral sensor depending on the scientific goals of the mission,' said Norman Prokop, NASA Glenn engineer.

Since it is close to the ground, it can measure the impact, mass and velocity of soil as it hits the probe, giving researchers an indication of wind energy and soil movement.

The programme, developed by Case Western Reserve University in the US, is nearly twice as accurate as two neuroradiologists in determining whether abnormal tissue seen on magnetic resonance images (MRI) were dead brain cells caused by radiation, called radiation necrosis, or if brain cancer had returned.

To develop the programme, the researchers employed machine learning algorithms in conjunction with radionics, the term used for features extracted from images using computer algorithms. The

engineers, scientists and physicians trained the computer to identify radionic features that discriminate between brain cancer and radiation necrosis, using routine follow-up MRI scans from 43 patients.

The team then developed algorithms to find the most discriminating radionic features, in this case, textures that can not be seen by simply eyeballing the images.

Geneva, Sep 17: August equalled July as the hottest month in modern times, the UN's weather agency said, warning that extraordinary temperatures were 'set to become the new norm'.

Seoul, Sep 13: Scientists have developed a new material that can effectively block electromagnetic waves emitting from mobile phones, televisions, microwave ovens and other appliances.

Researchers found that Mxene can block the electromagnetic waves from mobile phones, televisions, microwave ovens and other appliances One of the strengths of the material is it is easy to process and the cost is relatively cheap, they said.

Mumbai, Sep 12: To reduce the travel time between Delhi and Mumbai to less than 12 hours, the final trial run of Delhi-Mumbai Talgo train at 150 km per hour speed was conducted.

Mumbai, Sep 1: Reliance Jio has set a target to bring onboard 100 million customers in the 'shortest possible time' as it rolls out its 4G network across the country, RIL chief Mukesh Ambani said today. To

This will give access to 300 live channels, 6000 movies, 60,000 songs, 1 lakh television channels, Jio magazine and Jio newspapers, Jio Money;

The scramjet engine, used only during the atmospheric phase of the rocket's flight, will help in bringing down the launch cost of weather satellite INSAT-3DR by reducing the amount of oxidiser to be carried along with the fuel.

In a tweet, he said: 'Hearty congratulations ISRO on successful test of futuristic scramjet rocket engine, India is proud of you' Prime Minister Narendra Modi also hailed ISRO scientists on the successful testing of scramjet rocket engine, saying they have again made India very proud.

An internal audit of procedures to rule out any security compromise is also being undertaken, the Navy said in a statement, a day after it stressed that the leak appears to be 'from overseas and not in India'.

detailed assessment of potential impact is being undertaken by a high level committee constituted by the Ministry of Defence and the Indian Navy is taking all necessary steps to mitigate any probable security compromise,' the statement by the Navy said.

These applications, which went beyond the confines of simply launching of satellites or rockets, were unfortunately, either not fully understood or not fully utilised, he said during an interaction with Assam Science and Technology and IT Minister Keshab Mahanta.

Singh explained to Mahanta how in the Ministry of DoNER (Development Of North Eastern Region), he had introduced the use of satellite imaging not only for survey of roads and building construction but also for preparation of utilisation certificates with fool-proof accuracy, an official release said. This

China, Jul 5: The world's largest telescope built in China is poised for a trial-run as installation work has been completed after the last of 4,450 panels was fitted into the centre of the big dish on Sunday.

The telescope which is aimed at observing deep space was stated to be most visible project of China's plans to transform into high-tech nation focussing on research in advanced science and technology moving away from cheap manufacturing.

United Kingdom, Jun 28: Gravitational waves or ripples in space-time captured by space detectors could soon be used to discover when and how some of the universe's largest black holes were born, scientists say.

Scientists led by researchers at the Durham University in the UK ran the huge cosmological simulations that can be used to predict the rate at which gravitational waves caused by collisions between the monster black holes might be detected.

The amplitude and frequency of these waves could unveil the initial mass of the seeds from which the first black holes grew since they were formed 13 billion years ago and provide further clues about what caused them and where they formed, the researchers said. The

study combined simulations from the EAGLE project - which aims to create a realistic simulation of the known universe inside a computer - with a model to calculate gravitational wave signals.

Two detections of gravitational waves caused by collisions between supermassive black holes should be possible each year using space-based instruments such as the Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA) detector that is due to launch in 2034, the researchers said.

New Delhi, Jun 25: BrahMos Aerospace on Saturday successfully demonstrated the integration of the world's most formidable supersonic cruise missile system BRAHMOS on the frontline strike fighter aircraft of the Indian Air Force Sukhoi-30.

With Saturday's successful flight, the Brahmos air version programme now inches closer towards actual test firing when a 2.5-ton BRAHMOS air-to-ground missile will be fired from the Sukhoi-30 in the coming months.

The powerful missile will enable the IAF to penetrate deep inside the enemy territory to deliver a deadly blow to their vital installations from stand-off ranges.

The Sukhoi-BRAHMOS combination will carry out air combat operations within and beyond visibility range and will provide the IAF with the capability of attacking targets protected by powerful air defence assets.

Italy, Jun 22: Visitors to the Italian Lake Iseo can 'walk on water', through bright-orange fabric pathways, which connects over 2 lakh floating cubes to create a triangular dock on the coast of Italy. The

Talking to reporters in Bengaluru today Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar said the government had taken a very conscious decision that 10 per cent of the missile capacity will be permitted to be exported if producers manage to get export orders subject to parameters set by the union government and External Affairs Ministry. About

sources said the rejection came after a detailed analysis by security agencies and defence forces which feel that allowing Google to cover India would compromise country’s security interest. Minister

Bangluru, Jun 6: For the first time, under the impetus of the Indian Space Research Organisation and the French Space Agency, space agencies of more than 60 countries agreed to engage their satellites, to coordinate their methods and their data to monitor human-induced greenhouse gas emissions.

Invited to New Delhi by ISRO and CNES on April 3, 2016, the world's space agencies decided to establish an independent, international system to centralise data from their Earth-observing satellites through the New Delhi Declaration that officially came into effect on May 16, 2016.

have moved from policy paralysis and worked with our brilliant scientific community to connect with our people and what India needs,' the Minister said while addressing a National Video-link Press Conference from New Delhi, linking 13 cities including Mumbai and Pune. Asserting

that 'Science is back on track', Dr. Harsh Vardhan listed out key initiatives taken by his ministry in the fields of scientific weather forecasting, formulation of new vaccines, biotechnology, energy research and eco-system for innovation.

Meanwhile, as per reports, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India said it had decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives, while it was examining evidence against potassium iodate before restricting its use. CSE

encourage our members to visit our safety centre to ensure they have two-step verification authentication and to use strong passwords in order to keep their accounts as safe as possible.'

Krishna K Banaudha, an Indian-American scientist and the brain behind the project, said Indo-US Brain Trust intends to assemble some of the finest minds and friends who - by their very actions and livelihoods - support a deepening of US-India collaboration in science, research, academia, entrepreneurship and innovation. The

Indian envoy further added: 'Several major US companies have developed products in India, which their CEOs have said to me they could not have developed in the US because researchers and scientists here approach the problem from different perspective with different resource availability, they are targeting with different objective.' 'The

idea is to create a platform which partners scientific minds from both countries to explore and create timely solutions to pressing global challenges,' said Ron Somers founder and CEO of India First Group welcoming the guests at the inaugural dinner.

New Delhi, May 14: The new intellectual property rights (IPR) policy will foster creativity and innovation, promote entrepreneurship and enhance socio-economic and cultural development.

Requirement of GIS is growing fast in India due to its inherent advantage of low space requirement, higher safety and lower outages due to switchgear failure, compared to AIS.

unmanned Kepler space observatory, which was launched in 2009, has been scanning 150,000 stars for signs of orbiting bodies, particularly those that might be able to support life.

committee said that whether it was air, water or noise pollution, it has gone beyond permissible limits during the last few years and has serious consequences for health and well-being of the citizens.

said that the ministry needs to be adequately funded for taking all necessary steps in pursuit of the discharge of its mandate which includes ensuring better environment management and preservation of biodiversity including wildlife.

per NASA, the map of Pluto, produced by the US space agency includes all resolved images of Pluto's surface acquired between July 7-14, 2015, at pixel resolutions ranging from 18 miles (30 kilometers) on the Charon-facing hemisphere (left and right edges of the map) to 770 feet (235 meters) on the hemisphere facing New Horizons during the spacecraft’s closest approach on July 14, 2015 (map center).

can take pride in formally joining the select group of nations once IRNSS is declared operational after checking the systems-space (satellites), ground (ground stations) and the user end signal receivers. Only

applications of IRNSS are: terrestrial, aerial and marine navigation, vehicle tracking and fleet management, terrestrial navigation for hikers and travellers, disaster management, integration with mobile phones, mapping and geodetic data capture and visual and voice navigation for drivers.

New Delhi, Apr 24: US carmaker Ford is recalling 42,300 units of its small car Figo and compact sedan Figo Aspire in India to fix a software error that could result in malfunctioning of airbags during a collision. Ford

New Delhi, Apr 20: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, BSNL has said that the customers using its hosting and email services will soon have a facility to retrieve their mails deleted as long as 30 years ago.

New Delhi, Apr 7: Prime Minister today called upon the scientific community at CSIR to list at least one hundred problems being faced by people in various parts of India, and take up the challenge of solving them technologically within a specified time period.

Mentioning key areas where CSIR could take the lead in providing breakthroughs, the Prime Minister spoke of sickle cell anemia among the tribal people, defence equipment manufacturing, life-saving equipment for the jawans, innovations related to solar energy, and innovations related to the agriculture sector.

Modi emphasized that he would like to see CSIR oriented towards making the life of the common man better, and providing technological solutions to the problems of the poor and downtrodden sections of society. The

this process, special profiled ferrules are passed sequentially in the increasing order of their sizes to ensure smooth and uniform tube expansion throughout the length thus ensuring uniform metal to metal contact between inner and outer tubes. Besides,

New Delhi, Apr 4: The government, in a move to benefit the consumers and telecom companies, has cut spectrum usage charges (SUC) from 5 per cent of adjusted gross revenues (AGR) to 3%.

move is expected to be a confidence booster ahead of mega auctions, slated for July, which will see the government sell over 2,000 MHz of spectrum across seven frequencies, including the lucrative but highly-expensive 700 MHz band that will go on sale for the first time. The

Currently, it is charged at 5 per cent on spectrum that has been acquired through auctions while there is a weighted average method to calculate the charge where operators hold spectrum under the previous administered rate regime.

New Delhi, Mar 31: Gluten-free noodles and other buckwheat-based foods might get tastier, prettier, and non-allergenic as researchers have fully mapped the buckwheat genome opening up the possibility of developing a gluten-free flour alternative. Yasuo

a major technological advancement for astronomy in the country, Asia's largest and first of its kind optical telescope was unveiled on Wednesday evening at height of 2500 meters above sea level at Devasthal near Nainital.

The 'general purpose' optical telescope of diameter 3.6 meter and with 150 tonnes will help in the study and exploration of starts, planets, magnetic field and astronomical debris.

Belgium funded 7 per cent of the project whose total cost is estimated to be more than Rs150 crore.The telescope can be operated with the help of remote control from anywhere in the world.

(NYSE:OA), a global leader in aerospace and defense technologies, successfully launched its Cygnus spacecraft aboard a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V launch vehicle with approximately 7,900 pounds (3,600 kilograms) of cargo and small satellites that will be deployed directly from the spacecraft.

New Delhi, Mar 21: The week-long Festival of Innovations in Rashtrapati Bhavan concluded recently with a 12 hour long coding competition to develop web and mobile applications in hackathon style (non-stop rapid development).

The topics on which applications were developed were 1) teachers taking attendance after every class 2) examination authentication for students, 3) monitoring entry into public monuments and 4) monitoring of public toilets. The

However, unless young minds are sensitized to the need for finding creative solutions to top-ranging socio-economic problems of our country, the goal of inclusive development will remain elusive.

Comparing MAVEN's images and spectra of the surface of Phobos to similar data from asteroids and meteorites will help planetary scientists understand the moon's origin - whether it is a captured asteroid or was formed in orbit around Mars.

1 -day festival hosts a Science Exhibition with working models by students from Grades 5 to 12, a quiz competition, a scientific drawing and painting contest, a dance competition on space science, a Bio - Jewellery competition of designing jewellery using eco-friendly and bio-degradable material, a Science Skit, Debate, Filmmaking, a NES National Science Quiz, NES International Youth Green Parliament. A

Tokyo, Feb 25: Popular fictional cat Hello Kitty and iconic robot Mazinger Z are coming together in an exclusive collaboration as part of the Chogokin product line to boost Japan's battered toy sector, which has been on the decline in recent years. Japan's

toy industry fell 1.2 percent last year to $ 5.79 billion turnover, according to data from the Japanese institute of market research, Yano, which also expects the sector to slip another 3.5 percent in the 2015 fiscal, which ends March 31 in Japan.

Scott's identical twin brother Mark, himself a former astronaut, is spending the year on Earth, enabling researchers to focus on a near-identical comparison of the brothers' genomics profiles--something never captured before in human space research.

on the Startup India initiative of the govt, the minister said, 'an amount of Rs 10,000 crore has been kept only to support the young people in the country who have bright and brilliant ideas, and I think this is where the country needs to use the young people.' Stating

Washington, Feb 10: President Barack Obama has unveiled a cyber security national action plan as his intelligence chief warned of growing risks from new technologies that open more doors to hackers. Obama

asked for $19 billion for cybersecurity efforts in his budget request, a 35 per cent increase from current levels, with $3 billion earmarked to help modernise the patchwork of computer systems used in government agencies. The

GM crops: SC seeks Centre's response within 2 weeks

Kolkata, Jan 23: At an interactive session on Effects of EMF Radiation on Human Health here, experts have claimed that radiation from electro-magnetic fields (EMF) of mobile towers does not appear to have 'adverse health effects' either on adults or on children in the country. 'A

PSLV-C31 inserts 1425 kg satellite in sub-geosynchronous orbit

Its passenger is the fifth in the series of seven satellites aimed at providing seamless flow of accurate information about the position of objects on land, air and sea.

The navigation system IRNSS is expected to help multimodal transport and disaster mitigation efforts in addition to providing accurate mapping services for common users. Prime

Sriharikota, Jan 18: The 48-hour countdown for the launch of the rocket PSLV-C31, carrying the fifth in the series of seven satellites meant for navigation system, began at Sriharikota this morning.

the earlier four satellites in space, standard positioning information of moving and non-moving objects are being gathered for 18 hours a day with the accuracy of 20 metres.

He said the print media has registered a growth of around 6 per cent and the daily news paper segment registered growth of more than 8 per cent.

the wake of those attacks, Zuckerberg wrote on his personal Facebook page Wednesday that he wants to assure Muslims they are welcome on Facebook and that 'we will fight to protect your rights and create a peaceful and safe environment for you.' Republican

did not refer specifically to any proposal, but the co-founder of the world's biggest social network said, 'As a Jew, my parents taught me that we must stand up against attacks on all communities.'

While talking on the subject on 'Regional Security Environment', the Air Chief said a broad scan of the evolving geo-political environment clearly indicates a pre-eminent shift in Global strategic centre of gravity to the Asian - Pacific regions.

India has the highest air field in the world, DBO in the Mighty Himalayas which is at an elevation of 17,000 feet, 2 lakh square Kms of Deserts, inhospitable tropical forest in the North East, and vast coast line with added challenges posed by high humidity, salinity and corrosion.'

to the Nikkei business daily, Japan will offer more than 1 trillion yen ($8.11 billion) in loans to construct India's 980 billion rupee fast train.

Unveiling the new cloud start-up initiative to empower the smart cities, Nadella said start-ups can apply for individual access up to Rs 80 lakh worth of Azure computing to help India's smart cities explore solutions and run smart city digital pilots.

Unveiling the new cloud start-up initiative to empower the smart cities, Nadella said start-ups can apply for individual access up to Rs 80 lakh worth of Azure computing to help India's smart cities explore solutions and run smart city digital pilots. He

the pace of growth of e-commerce and start-up ecosystems as 'pretty mind boggling', Nadella said most of these start-up ideas are pretty good and seriously innovative.

on the future trends in the area of Information Technology, Zuckerberg said the trend is moving from text based to graphics, video and animation, which will enable better communication and enable sharing of experiences by users

Bonn, Oct 19: UN climate negotiators will meet today for their last session ahead of a major conference in Paris to hammer out the details of the most ambitious agreement ever to fight global warming. Delegates

at the week-long talks in Bonn, Germany, are expected to start editing a 20-page draft that still contains multiple options on how to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that scientists say are warming the planet. Around

150 countries including top emitters - China, the United States, the European Union and India have already made voluntary pledges to cut or curb their emissions after 2020, when the deal is to take effect. The

five-day gathering marks the final round of United Nations talks before envoys, ministers and leaders from around the world meet in Paris in six weeks to attempt what a 2009 summit in Copenhagen failed to do: reach a global agreement on how to cut fossil-fuel use. Christiana

Bengaluru, Oct 12: The country's second largest software services firm, Infosys today reported a 9.8 per cent year-on-year increase in its consolidated quarterly net profit, to Rs.

The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C30 blasted off from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota at 10 am and inserted it within 22 minutes, 52 seconds into the low earth, equatorial orbit of 650 km height.

It was on this day last year that India scripted space history when it successfully placed its low-cost Mars spacecraft in orbit around the Red Planet on its very first attempt, breaking into an elite club of three nations.

Indian Railways develop hybrid vacuum toilets New Delhi, Sept 19: The prototype consists of a custom designed Vacuum toilet adapted from a commercially available vacuum toilet that is used in aircraft which evacuates its discharge into a biodigester tank which is now successfully proven in the biotoilets of Indian Railways.

The biodigester tank is fitted underneath the coach and contains anaerobic bacteria that converts human fecal matter into water and small amount of gases before discharging the same on the ground/track.

Typically, a conventional toilet or Biotoilet uses 10 – 15 liters of water per flush whereas the vacuum toilet consumes only appx.

Water is a very precious natural resource therefore this innovation shall save water to the tune of at least 1/20th of the quantity that is used in the current design of biotoilets/conventional toilets.

Further, in foreign countries where the train coaches that are fitted with Vacuum toilets, there is a “retention tank” underneath the coach that holds all the human waste that is flushed out by the toilet.

Since Indian Railways trains traverse the length and breadth of the country with journey times as long as 72 hours and generally over 50 passengers per coach, it is nearly impossible to hold the human waste in retention tanks on trains that travel such long distances.

Also, the stationary facilities for evacuation of these holding tanks need to be maintained very carefully and meticulously or else their malfunction will render the entire train’s toilets unusable.

The Municipal Corporations at cities where these ground-handling facilities are to be created have to be taken into confidence to allow one-shot rapid discharge of human waste of an entire train into their sewer systems, which may not be possible at all stations due to constraints in existing sewer system that are already in place.

By transferring the discharge of the vacuum toilets into biodigester, the need to create separate ground handling installation and creating additional sewer load on the Municipal Corporation will be done away with.

contains all the words Gandhiji spoke and wrote, day after day, year after year, beginning from 1884 till his assassination on January 30, 1948.

The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (CWMG), published by the Publications Division, is a monumental document of Gandhiji's words which he spoke and wrote, day after day, year after year, beginning from 1884 till his assassination on January 30, 1948.

The programmes is a part of an ongoing process to test India's mastery of cryogenic engine technology necessary to put heavy duty satellites in space.

Cryogenic engines make use of hydrogen and oxygen liquefied at temperatures of upto minus 253 degrees to power space rockets carrying payloads above two thousand kilograms into an earth orbit of upto 36000 kms and can prove especially valuable for interplanetary missions.

The success of GSLV D-6 will go a long way in proving that the indigenous cryogenic engine is ready for commercial use opening up a lucrative new global market for space launches estimated at 4 billion US dollars for India.

NASA releases spectacular image of melting sea ice off Greenland Washington, Aug 25: In a latest, the US space agency NASA has released a new satellite image that shows bits and pieces of ice floating about in the Greenland Sea.

chunks of melting sea ice can be seen in the sea ice off the coast, and to the south spirals of ice have been shaped by the winds and currents that move across the Greenland Sea.

Frigid air from interior Greenland pushes the ice away from the shoreline, and the mixing of cold water and air allows some sea ice to be sustained even at the height of summer,' added NASA. According

Japan to launch HTV-5 cargo ship to space station today Tokyo, Aug 19: Japan is all set to launch a robotic cargo ship to the International Space Station (ISS) on Wednesday after a three-day delay.

all goes well as planned, the HTV-5 will arrive at the space station on Monday, August 24, after a five-day flight, delivering more than 4.5 tons of research and supplies, including water, spare parts and experiment hardware.

Proposal to regulate domestic calls on Internet-based apps New Delhi, July 17: An official panel on net neutrality has proposed regulation of domestic calls on Internet-based apps like Skype, Whatsapp and Viber by putting them on par with services offered by telecom operators, a recommendation that came under immediate attack from industry bodies.

The Department of Telecommunication (DoT) Committee opposed platforms like Facebook's Internet.Org that allow access to certain websites without mobile data charges, while suggesting that similar plans by Bharti Airtel be allowed with prior clearance from TRAI.

However, in the case of domestic calls (local and national), communication services by TSPs (telecom service providers) and OTT communication services may be treated similarly from a regulatory angle for the present. The

neutrality implies that equal treatment be accorded to all Internet traffic and no priority be given to an entity or company based on payment to content or service providers such as telecom companies, which is seen as discriminatory.

Despite of their facing negative response in West Bengal, the launch of Nano was a great success, one that went beyond expectations, Tata said adding that success comes if one took decisions that one thinks are the right ones. Answering

The three DMC3 satellites, each weighing 447 kg, launched into a 647 km Sun-Synchronous Orbit (SSO) using the high-end version of PSLV (PSLV-XL) from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota (SDSC-SHAR), the spaceport of India.

PSLV-C28, in addition to the three DMC3 satellites, also carried two auxiliary satellites from UK, viz., CBNT-1, a technology demonstrator earth observation micro satellite built by SSTL, and De-OrbitSail, a technology demonstrator nano satellite built by Surrey Space Centre. With

the overall lift-off mass of the five satellites amounting to about 1440 kg, this mission becomes the heaviest commercial mission undertaken by Antrix/ISRO till date. Accommodating

Bengaluru, July 9: IT czar Azim Premji (69) has given away an additional 18% of his stake in the IT company for charity, thus earmarking 39% of stake (worth Rs 53,284 cr) for a charitable trust.

'Over the past 15 yrs, I have tried to put this belief into action through my personal philanthropic work.' Premji said in a letter to shareholders published in the company's annual report.

Gmail launches an `undo send' option for its users Washington, July 1: Technology giant Google will now help its users avoid misdirected or inappropriate emails with the 'Undo' option that allows them to cancel delivery of an email within 30 seconds of hitting the send button.

The new tool delays delivery of emails from five to 30 seconds after the send button is pressed to give users a chance to stop an email that was sent, it said.

the US Securities and Exchange Commission has given its nod to start-ups for using the social network twitter to drum up interest in future stocks and debt offerings, reported.

Glass deposits show Mars once had life Washington, June 24: Google has announced that Play Music will now offer a free, ad-supported version of the service to users who do not want to pay USD 9.99/month.

Glass deposits show Mars once had life Washington, June 9: In a pioneering feat, researchers have discovered glass deposits on the Red Planet, providing a delicate window into the possibility of past life on the Red Planet.

1st phase covers 9.6 km Jaipur, June 3: The long cherished dreams of Jaipurites came true when Jaipur Metro started its operations today.Chief Minister Vasundhra Raje inaugurated the Metro services this morning.

One of the hazards that the information technology revolution has given the human race is addiction to gadgets to the extent that cell phone addiction among people is now becoming a major concern, especially among youth.

The film featuring cartoonish `head-bowers'--addicted to mobile phones shows how they unconsciously cause a range of accidents, from car crashes to industrial catastrophes.

Ministers to interact directly with netizens through Twitter New Delhi, May 29: As part of its initiative to highlight the achievements of the Government in the last one year, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting is organizing `Talkathon'.

Important documents can be safely maintained in digital locker Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel dedicated to the nation, INS Sardar Patel, the new naval base of the Indian Navy at Porbandar.

The 2008, Mumbai attacks have added a new dimension to the coastal security, which has enhanced responsibility, and the need for continued naval presence in this area in the entire coastline of India, 46 coastal radar stations and 74 automatic identification systems have been put.

The economic importance of this frontal maritime state, in the overall national security dynamics, is the core factor governing sustenance and operation of naval assets from the Forward Operating Naval base at Porbandar.

Important documents can be safely maintained in digital locker Bhopal, May 5: Facility of digital locker has been introduced to concretise concept of paperless governance.

Objective of the scheme is to digitally empower people by providing them space on government cloud, minimize use of hard copies of documents, provide facility to maintain their electronically and digitally signed documents online, determine authenticity of documents through e-signature, curb fake documents, ensure safe access to government documents issued to people through web portal or mobile, minimise expenditure on maintenance of physical records, make available their documents to people anywhere and anytime, ensure secrecy of data and its use only by authorized persons and institutions and ensure use of open and standard structure. For

has been desired in the circular issued in this regard that all departments, government agencies and organizations will also maintain digital records of documents issued by them to people and take necessary action for paperless governance.

Japan's Maglev train breaks its own record at 603 kph Tokyo, Apr 22: A Japanese maglev that is the fastest passenger train in the world has broken its own speed record.

The train traveled for just over a mile (1.8 kilometres) at a speed exceeding 600 kph.Unlike regular shinkansen or `bullet trains' that run on steel rails, magnetic levitation trains hover above rails, suspended by powerful magnets. The

El-Nino unlikely to affect monsoon, impact to reduce after summer New Delhi, Apr 18: The southwest monsoon this year will be normal, with many parts of north India expected to receive good rainfall.

It said, good amounts of rainfall is expected in Punjab, Haryana, west Uttar Pradesh and over the west coast.

Third user trial of Agni-III N-ballistic missile successful Balasore (Odisha), Apr 17: India today successfully test fired its nuclear-capable Agni -III ballistic missile with a strike range of more than 3,000 km from Wheeler Island off Odisha coast.

Internet neutrality gets boost as Flipkart calls off talks with Airtel Zero Apr 15: The Internet neutrality campaign got a major boost yesterday after Flipkart, an Indian online retail giant, decided to not be a part of the new Airtel Zero platform that was attacked for allowing users to access partner applications without any charges for data.

Microsoft's Surface 3 tablet runs full version of Windows New Delhi Apr 7: Chinese tech giant Lenovo plans to launch its dual-sim affordable phone –the Lenovo A7000 in India on Tuesday.

Microsoft's Surface 3 tablet runs full version of Windows Washington, Apr 1: Microsoft has refreshed its tablet line-up with a new entry-level device that runs more software, but is also more expensive than its predecessor.

release date is 7 May. The basic version of the Surface 3 - featuring 64 gigabytes of storage, 2GB of RAM and an Intel Atom x7 processor - costs £419. Experts

Govt to invest $10 bn in Chip making facilities in Gujarat, UP New Delhi, March 27: Infrastructure for chip manufacturing and designing will be considerably strengthened in India to cater to the growing domestic demand and to cut down the imports in the next few years.

Addressing the first Indian Electronics Expo organized by Electronics and Computer Software Export Promotion Council (ESC) in New Delhi yesterday, Secretary, Department of Electronics and Information Technology, GoI RS Sharma, revealed that the government would be investing US$ 10 billion in the chip manufacturing facilities coming up in Gujarat and UP, where a consortium of manufacturing firms have come up to set up the production bases.

India would also be investing US$ 400 million in developing an Indian version of micro-processor.

about the advantages that India is endowed with in the production of electronics goods in the country, Shri Sharma said that the frugal technologies that it has evolved has a higher value quotient and are suitable for many countries which are at the same level of development.

The Secretary said that India provided an exciting hub for electronics investment mainly on account of the surging domestic market and infrastructure, logistics and financial support being provided to the investors, be they from India or abroad.

Coupled with Make in India and Digital India program initiated recently by the government, the renewed interest in electronics production in the country can help India achieve the target set for zero import of electronics into the country by 2020. The

SC strikes down section 66 A of IT Act calling it unconstitutional New Delhi, Mar 24: In a landmark judgment, the Supreme Court today struck down the Section 66A of the Information Technology Act calling it unconstitutional and untenable.

Terming liberty of thought and expression as cardinal, a bench of justices J Chelameswar and RF Nariman said, the public's right to know is directly affected by section 66A which gives the police power to arrest a person for posting offensive content online and provides for a three-year jail term.

Elaborating the grounds for holding the provision as unconstitutional, the court said terms like 'annoying','inconvenient' and 'grossly offensive', used in the provision are vague as it is difficult for the law enforcement agency and the offender to know the ingredients of the offence.

Sale of 2G, 3G airwaves - Govt garners bids worth Rs 77,000 cr New Delhi, Mar 7: Government has garnered bids worth around Rs 77,000 cr at the end of three days of spectrum auction as telecom operators continued to bid aggressively.

Department of Telecom said, till now, 17 rounds of bidding have taken place in three days.

The auction is the biggest ever sale of 2G and 3G airwaves where government is selling spectrum in four bands 2100 megahertz (Mhz), 1800 MHz, 900 MHz and 800 MHz. The

Delhi will be made a WiFi enabled digital capital New Delhi, Feb 24: Delhi Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung has said that the government is committed to work on the foundation of transparency and will bring Janlokpal Bill to end corruption in the city.

Addressing the maiden session of Delhi Assembly today, Mr Jung said, services have to be given to people with full honesty as it needs to reach everyone.

He added that government will construct new health centres and also increase hospital beds in secondary and tertiary hospitals including specialist maternity beds.

TCS hopes to hire 35,000 from college campuses in FY16 New Delhi, Feb 12: TCS is among a handful of information technology services companies that have stayed the course in terms of hiring in large numbers from campuses.

For 2015-16 it plans to hire 35,000 students for which it will visit 350-400 institutes.

reported growth of 13.6 per cent for the July- September quarter profit at Rs 5,288 crore and revenue growth of 13.5 per cent on a year-on-year basis at Rs 23,816 crore.

NASA budget proposal to initiate Europa mission plan Houston, Feb 4: 'Jupiter's moon Europa is one of the most likely places to find current life beyond our Earth,' noted NASA in its overview of upcoming budget priorities. “For

over 15 years NASA has developed concepts to explore Europa and determine if it is habitable based on characteristics of its vast oceans (twice the size of all of Earth's oceans combined), the ice surface – ocean interface, the chemical composition of the intriguing, irregular brown surface areas, and the current geologic activity providing energy to the system,' noted the budget overview documentation on Monday. 'In

Record 1.10 lakh cr ($18bn) profit by Apple Inc San Francisco, Jan 29: Apple Inc, leading in smartphone market, posted record quarterly revenue of $74.6 billion, earning $3.06 per diluted share, for its first fiscal quarter of 2015.

Apple's net profits of $18.9 billion sets a new record for quarterly profits, blowing away previous record holder Exxon's $15.9 billion performance. The

exceptional results produced EPS growth of 48 percent over last year, and $33.7 billion in operating cash flow during the quarter, an all-time record,' said Apple Chief Financial Officer Luca Maestri.

Dubai unveils World's largest vertical maze Jan 23: Dubai has set yet another world record for the largest vertical maze.

The design on the façade of the building is actually a puzzle made from intricate lines of balconies on the front and rear, and there is another garden maze on the roof top.

Work towards technological innovation, exhorts BHEL CMD Bhopal, Jan 14: 'BHEL', during the last fifty years has established itself to be one of the reputed engineering organizations in the global arena.

Ensuring quality of the product and bringing newer technologies into practice is essential for the growth of the company', said B Prasada Rao, CMD, BHEL addressing the large number of employees gathered at the Hydro laboratory premiseswhile inaugurating the Centre of Excellence-Hydro Machinery.

Rao in his address, citing the challenges prevailing in the industrial world, said thatafter the “Make in India' call given by our Prime Minister Narendra Modi, situation is turning favourable for the industry and BHEL has started receiving orders from the power sector.

He said that at present times when work load is not much upon us, we should try to develop our systems, work towards technological innovation and further strengthen our capabilities.

BHEL has recently doubled its capacity and has an experience of 50 years in the heavy engineering sector.

Nobel laureates among others focus on S&T for mankind Bombay University: Jan 7: Curtains will come down on the 102nd Indian Science Congress being held at the Mumbai University campus today.

The 5-day mega event which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, saw many eminent scientists and researchers, Nobel laureates and Nobel equivalents presenting their views and findings on issues ranging from agriculture to space science.

The 2001 Nobel Prize winner in Medicine Paul Nurse from London, 2002 Chemistry Nobel Prize winner Kurt Wuthrich from Switzerland, 2009 Chemistry Nobel laureate Ada E Yonath from Israel, 2013 Nobel Prize winner in Medicine, Randy Schekman of University of California, Berkeley, 2014 Nobel Peace Prize winner Kailash Satyarthi and 2006 Nobel Peace Prize winner Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh were notable among participants.

New non-invasive method can detect Alzheimer's early Researchers, including those of Indian origin, have developed a noninvasive method that can detect Alzheimer's disease in a living animal, well before typical symptoms appear.

An interdisciplinary team of Northwestern University scientists and engineers have developed a noninvasive MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) probe that pairs a magnetic nanostructure (MNS) with an antibody that seeks out the amyloid beta brain toxins responsible for onset of Alzheimer's disease.

The new MRI probe technology is detecting something different from conventional technology: toxic amyloid beta oligomers instead of plaques, which occur at a stage of Alzheimer's when therapeutic intervention would be very late.

In a diseased brain, the mobile amyloid beta oligomers attack the synapses of neurons, destroying memory and ultimately resulting in neuron death.

GSAT-16 rescheduled for launch India's latest communication satellite GSAT-16 will be launched early on Saturday from Kourou in French Guiana after it was deferred due to inclement weather at the launch base, ISRO said on Friday.

With lift-off mass of 3,181 kg, GSAT-16 is configured to carry a total of 48 communication transponders, the largest number of transponders carried by a communication satellite developed by the ISRO so far.

NASA creates first 3D printed object in space This first print is the initial step towards providing an on-demand machine shop capability away from Earth,' said Niki Werkheiser, project manager for the ISS 3-D Printer at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Centre in Huntsville, Alabama.

on the test print results, the ground control team sent commands to realign the printer and printed a second calibration test on November 20.

The 3-D printer uses a process formally known as additive manufacturing to heat a relatively low-temperature plastic filament and extrude it one layer at a time to build the part defined in the design file sent to the machine.

Wilmore installed a new print tray, and the ground team sent a command to fine-tune the printer alignment and printed a third calibration coupon.

'As we print more parts we'll be able to learn whether some of the effects we are seeing are caused by microgravity or just part of the normal fine-tuning process for printing.

Artists from 5 countries create art from industrial scrap Artists from five countries have come together at Vijayanagara in Karnataka for a three-week long residency to create artworks fashioned out of industrial scrap.

Artists make use of site-specific material like metal scrap, local pottery, local crafts and material at the residency, which is being supported by the JSW Foundation.

'Govt likely to carry out expansion of FM radio' Government intends to carry out Phase III expansion of FM radio hopefully in the current financial year to rake in more revenue, Information and Broadcasting Minister Arun Jaitley said. The

He gave a similar reply when asked about justification for moves to allow broadcast of news on private FM stations based on what was being broadcast by AIR FM station bulletins which themselves were largely based on news provided by agencies like PTI.

Asked as to what is the Modi government's approach to media, whether it considers it as a necessary evil or a pillar of democracy, however, flawed, Jaitley, 'I don't think evil or flawed is the correct word.

Microsoft drops Nokia brand from Lumia phone;eyes low-cost mkt Eyeing emerging markets for its affordable smartphones, Microsoft on Tuesday launched its first Lumia device without the iconic brand name of Nokia, acquired by the global technology giant for USD 7.2 billion.

According to research firm Gartner, Microsoft (with mostly Lumia devices) had a 3.2 per cent share of the smartphone sales in 2013, up from 2.5 per cent in 2012.

and green diodes had been around for a long time, but devising a blue LED was the Holy Grail that would allow the cheap and efficient production of white light - and achieving it took three long decades. The

lamps emit a bright light, last for tens of thousands of hours and use just a fraction of energy compared with the incandescent light bulb invented by Thomas Edison in the 19th century. The

India eyes Finland for tech cooperation to boost manufacturing With the new government keen on making the country a global manufacturing hub, India is seeking to engage with Finland, known for its knowledge-based economy and clean technology, official sources said on Monday ahead of President Pranab Mukherjee's visit to this key Nordic nation. 'India

views Finland as an important member of the European Union and a repository of modern technology and Finland sees in India a large market for its products and a favourable investment destination for its high technology industries,' they said on the eve of Mukherjee's visit to Finland, the first by an Indian president in 26 years. 'In

number of agreements covering education, energy, fishing and other sectors, both on government-to-government, business-to-business as well as institution-to-institution are expected to be signed during Mukherjee's three-day state visit beginning on Tuesday. 'The

prospects for the already active Indo-Finnish cooperation on science and technology look promising with increasingly diverse opportunities opening not only for the authorities but also for research organisations, technology companies and sponsors,' Finnish officials said. Finland

World's first water-based nuclear battery developed Researchers at the University of Missouri have created a long-lasting and more efficient nuclear battery that could be used as a source of reliable energy in automobiles and space flight. The

nano-structured titanium dioxide electrode (the common element found in sunscreens and UV blockers) with a platinum coating collects and effectively converts energy into electrons. 'Betavoltaics,

ionic solution is not easily frozen at very low temperatures and could work in a wide variety of applications including car batteries and, if packaged properly, perhaps spacecraft,' Kwon noted. The

Guj FSL to tie-up with US-based firm for ballistic testing Gujarat Forensic Science Laboratory, which provides services to various companies for testing of armour panels and bullet-proof jackets, is likely to soon tie-up with a US-based firm to share best practices in the field of ballistic testing.

is a ballistic fibre for the military soft body armour and is also used in products like bullet-proof jackets for military and police persons, as per DuPont's website.

is currently integrated in shield system solutions and body armour protection and has been successfully tested for use in maritime, aerospace and architectural armour applications,' the website said regarding Tensylon. Elaborating